ISSUES


# 3(28)2017
Issued 1.10.




# 2(27)2017
Issued 1.07.




# 1(26)2017
Issued 1.04.




# 4(25)2016
Issued 1.01.




# 3(24)2016
Issued 1.10.




# 2(23)2016
Issued 1.07.




# 1(22)2016
Issued 1.04.








Google Scholar


PARTNERS









# 4(17) 2014: Creativity in Culture
pdf-icon [Download Issue] [6 Mb]

Topic of the Issue

Dmitri KULIKOV

Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Department of Philosophy and World Religions
Associate Professor, PhD in Philosophy

The Genesis of Symbolic Activity (About the Origins of Creativity in Anthropology)

The article discusses several questions con-cerning symbolic behavior and creativity as necessary components of human culture. Three different approaches are studied throughout the paper: brain mutation hypothesis(R. Klein), autistic theory of genesis of consciousness (E. Bleiber, J.Piaget, J. Borodai), and the methodological approach of the social anthropology. The presented article provides an analysis of certain problem fields within the framework of human evolution and the genesis of culture: connection between tool-making activity and the genesis of human sociality, the role of speech in the execution of the higher mental functions, formation of representation and the generalized reflection of the reality, connection between image-making activity and symbolization. It is argued that there are three premises for the genesis of consciousness and human creativity: tool use, collective ritual and graphic making. Originally all of these premises coincided with hominid evolution and reached its highest development in Homo sapiens. It is important that such forms of activity presuppose certain scheme of the subject activity. In other words, these forms of activity lead to appearance of symbol, i.e. to appearance of a thing, which, in turn, represents something other than itself. That is, representation is the ideal, finished product of symbolic perception. The speech being anchored in the representations of mind becomes the foundation for reflection and imagination. The article explains creative activity as production of new forms of action and defines creativity as an action which reveals ideality in products of creative activity.

Key words:: creativity, symbolic behavior, symbol, imagination, anthropogenesis, tool use, ritual, prehistoric graphics.

References

  • Kucenkov P.A. Psihologija pervobytnogo i tradicionnogo iskusstva. - M., 2007.
  • Klein R.G. Edgar B. The dawn of human culture. - John Wiley and Sons, 2002.
  • Mithen, S. Seven steps in the evolution of the human imagination // Imaginative Minds. - Oxford University Press. 2007.
  • Bichakdzhan B. Jevoljucija jazyka: demony, opasnosti i tshhatel'naja ocenka // Razumnoe povedenie i jazyk. Vypusk 1. Kommunikativnye sistemy zhivotnyh i jazyk cheloveka. Problema proishozhdenija jazyka. - M., 2008.
  • Zorina Z.A. Poletaeva I.I. Zoopsihologija. Jelementarnoe myshlenie zhivotnyh. M., 2002.
  • Krushinskij L.V. Biologicheskie osnovy rassudochnoj dejatel'nosti: Jevoljucionnyj i fiziologo-geneticheskij aspekty povedenija. - M., 2009.
  • Zorina Z.A. Jevoljucija razumnogo povedenija: ot jelementarnogo myshlenija zhivotnyh k abstraktnomu myshleniju cheloveka // Jetologija cheloveka i smezhnye discipliny. Sovremennye metody issledovanij. - M., 2004.
  • Zorina Z.A. Vozmozhnost' dialoga mezhdu chelovekom i chelovekoobraznoj obez'janoj: obzor jeksperimental'nyh issledovanij // Razumnoe povedenie i jazyk. Vyp. 1. Kommunikativnye sistemy zhivotnyh i jazyk cheloveka. Problema proishozhdenija jazyka - M., 2008.
  • Borodaj Ju.M. Jerotika — smert' — tabu. Tragedija chelovecheskogo soznanija. - M. 1996.
  • Blejler Je. Autisticheskoe myshlenie // Psihologija myshlenija. Hrestomatija. - M., 2008.
  • Piazhe Zh. Rech' i myshlenie rebenka. - M.-L., 1932.
  • Marks K., Jengel's F. Nemeckaja ideologija // Marks K., Jengel's F. Sochinenija. T.3. – M., 1962.
  • Semenov Ju.I. Kak vozniklo chelovechestvo. - M. 2002.
  • Vygotskij L.S. Lekcii po psihologii // Vygotskij L.S. Sobranie sochinenij v 6 tt., T.2. – M., 1982.
  • Vallon A. Ot dejstvija k mysli. - M., 1956.
  • Porshnev B.F. O nachale chelovecheskoj istorii. Problemy paleopsihologii. - SPb. 2007.
  • Propp V.Ja. Istoricheskie korni volshebnoj skazki. - M., 1998.
  • Vygotskij L.S. Orudie i znak v razvitii rebenka //Vygotskij L.S. Sobr. soch. v 6 tt. T.6. – M., 1984.
  • Lurija A.R. Ob istoricheskom razvitii poznavatel'nyh processov. Jeksperimental'no-psihologicheskoe issledovanie. M., 1974.
  • Tul'viste P. Sushhestvuet li specificheski detskoe verbal'noe myshlenie? // Voprosy psihologii. 1981, №5.
  • Lurija A.R. Kul'turno-istoricheskaja priroda verbal'nogo myshlenija // Psihologija myshlenija. Hrestomatija. - M., 2008.
  • Megrelidze K.R. Osnovnye problemy sociologii myshlenija. - Tbilisi. 1973.
  • Rezhabek E.Ja. Mifomyshlenie. Kognitivnyj analiz. - M. 2003.
  • Afasizhev M.N. Izobrazhenie i slovo v jevoljucii hudozhestvennoj kul'tury. Pervobytnoe obshhestvo. - M., 2004.
  • Iacoboni M. Understanding others: imitation, language, empathy // Perspectives on imitation: from cognitive neuroscience to social science. Vol.1. - Cambridge, MA MIT Press, 2005.
  • Djurkgejm Je. Moss M. O nekotoryh pervobytnyh formah klassifikacii. K issledovaniju kollektivnyh predstavlenii // Moss M. Obshhestva. Obmen. Lichnost': Trudy po social'noj antropologii. - M., 1996.
  • Selfe L. Nadia: a case of extraordinary drawing ability in an autistic child. - London: Academic Press, 1977.
  • Humphrey N. Cave art, autism, and the evolution of the human mind // Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6, 1999.
  • Buhler K. The Mental Development of the Child: A Summary of Modern Psychological Theory. - Routledge, 1999, - R. 119-120.
  • Marr N.Ja. Jazyk i pis'mo // Izbrannye raboty v 5 tt. T.2. - L., 1936.
  • Sulejmenov O. Jazyk pis'ma. Vzgljad v doistoriju – o proishozhdenii pis'mennosti i jazyka malogo chelovechestva. - Almaty-Rim, 1998 g.
  • Lewis-Williams J.D. A cosmos in stone: interpreting religion and society through rock art. Rowman Altamira, 2002.
  • Okladnikov A.P. Olen' Zolotye roga. Rasskazy ob ohote za naskal'nymi risunkami. L.-M., 1964.
  • Zejgarnik B.V. Vosproizvedenie nezavershennyh i zavershennyh dejstvij // Psihologija pamjati. - M., 2008.
  • de Beaune S.A. Technical invention in the Palaeolithic: What if the explanation comes from the cognitive and neuropsychological sciences? // Cognitive archaeology and human evolution - Cambridge University Press, 2009.
pdf-icon [Download ] [905 Kb]

Tatiana BORKO

State University of Tyumen, Tyumen, Russia
Department of Foreign Literature
Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor

Creativity of mythological Thinking

This article discusses some possible ways meaning is produced in the mythological thinking. The point is, that in archaic consciousness the reality is represented as a unity of indistinguishable objects which are not countered by the subject. Mythological perception is never based on the recognition of the known or on the anticipation of the new. Rather, every other look at familiar objects makes visible their new qualities and invisible properties. Unexpected comparisons between disparate things, random and affective associations give rise to new meanings. All in all, there is a surplus of meanings in the mythological thinking. It is argued, that modernist artists of the early 20th century had a similar yet not identical practice of using such perceptual experience to wittingly destroy common logical connections, which leads to a conclusion that one can create a new semantics by stressing the unexpected qualities or meanings of the familiar images.

Key words: emotional perception, mythological thinking, mythological image, semantics, generation of meanings.

References

  • Delez Zh. Razlichie i povtorenie. – SPb.: TOO TK «Petropolis», 1998.
  • Kandinskij V. O duhovnom v iskusstve. – M.: Arhimed, 2001.
  • Kassirer Je. Filosofija simvolicheskih form. V 3 tt. Tom 1: Jazyk. – M.; SPb.: Universitetskaja kniga, 2002.
  • Kassirer Je. Filosofija simvolicheskih form. V 3 tt. Tom 3: Fenomenologija poznanija. – M.; SPb.: Universitetskaja kniga, 2002.
  • Kecal' i golub'. M.: Hudozhestvennaja literatura, 1983.
  • Levi-Stros K. Mifologiki. V 4-h tt. Tom 1. Syroe i prigotovlennoe. – M.; SPb.: Universitetskaja kniga, 1999.
  • Nazyvat' veshhi svoimi imenami: programmnye vystuplenija masterov zapadno-evropejskoj literatury HH veka. – M.: Progress, 1986.
  • Riker P. Germenevtika i psihoanaliz. Religija i vera. – M.: Iskusstvo, 1996.
  • Riker P. Zhivaja metafora // Riker P. Germenevtika, jetika, politika. – M.: AO «KAMI», 1995.
  • Sartr Zh.P. Problemy metoda. – M.: Progress, 1994.
  • Serl D. Otkryvaja soznanie zanovo. – M.: Ideja-Press, 2002.
  • Jeko U. Otsutstvujushhaja struktura. Vvedenie v semiologiju. – SPb.: Simpozium, 2004.
pdf-icon [Download ] [684 Kb]

Mikhail Mikhailovich PROKHOROV

Nizhny Novgorod branch of Russian Economic University named after. G. V. Plekhanov, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Department of Humanities, socio-economic and legal Disciplines
Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor

Theories of Creativity: fundamental Abstractions

The presented article is a study of the fundamental abstractions which lie underneath the theory of creativity. The investigation of these abstractions took place on three levels: ontological, axiological and on the level of worldview. On the ontological level three different relationships of tradition and innovation are distinguished: interactionism, reductionism andthe dialectic between tradition and innovation. The level of worldview presents three forms of creativity: contemplative creativity, activist one and the co-evolutional form of creativity. On the level of axiology the opposition between creativity and stimulation is described and studied.

Key words: Creativity, tradition, innovation, ant interaction, reductionism, dialectics, contemplative, activist, co-evolution, simulation.

References

  • Gegel'. Filosofija prava//Gegel'. Sochinenija. T. VII. - M., 1935.
  • Gegel'. Filosofija istorii// Gegel'. Sochinenija. T. VIII. - M., 1935.
  • Rozin V. Myshlenie i tvorchestvo. - M., 2006.
  • Jepshtejn M. Tehnika – religija – gumanistika // Voprosy filosofii. 2009. № 12.
  • Berdjaev N.A. Chelovek i mashina // Voprosy filosofii. 1989. № 2.
  • Shestov L. Afiny i Ierusalim // Shestov L. Sochinenija. T.1. - M., 1993.
  • Kiselev G.S. «Vtoraja Vselennaja»: drama svobody // Voprosy filosofii. 2010. № 3.
  • Stepin V.S. Okkul'tizm i magija v sovremennom mire // Magicheskij kristall: Magija glazami uchenyh i charodeev. - M., 1994.
  • Losev A.F. O mirovozzrenii // Losev A.F. Derzanie duha. - M., 1988.
  • Ciolkovskij K.Je. Ocherki o Vselennoj. Izd-e 2-oe. - Kaluga, 2001.
  • Zinov'ev A.A. Faktor ponimanija. - M., 2006.
  • Marks K., Jengel's F. Manifest Kommunisticheskoj partii // Marks K., Jengel's F. Soch. T. 4.
  • Gurina M. Filosofija. M., 1998.
  • Voslenskij M. Nomenklatura. - M. 2005.
  • Kiselev G.S. «Vtoraja Vselennaja»: drama svobody // Voprosy filosofii. 2010. № 3.
pdf-icon [Download ] [783 Kb]

Anatoly Igorevich STOLETOV

Bashkir State Agricultural University, Ufa, Russia
Department of Philosophy & History
Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor

The Essence of Creativeness and its Types

The article aims to provide an analysis of certain aspects of creative power. It focuses on the several different approaches to the following questions: who is the bearer of the creative power? What are the main peculiarities of its appearance, formation possibility and methods? Looking at different answers to these questions helps to arrive at conclusion that it is wrong to see creativeness as a certain ability. Rather, creative power might be summarized as a kind of striving or even intentionality which has a wide “range” of cogni-tion and various resulting effects. It appears to be evident that different types of person’s intentionality will result in different kinds of creativity. Moreover, one can differentiatetwo kinds of creativeness. An “intensive” creativity which is characteristic for mythological thinking, and extensive creativity, which is a feature of the scientifically oriented consciousness. Intensive creativity strives for ontological foundation by means of Revelation, and creates reality which is not identical with empirical reality. Such creativeness has an existential character, and is directed towards “inside”,“inner depth”. Extensive creativity, on the contrary, strives to analyze em-pirical reality. In other words, it reveals the laws of the interaction in-between objects in order to change the material world. The article argues that the intensive creativity is the foundation for the Eastern type of thinking, whereas behind the Western worldview lies the extensive creativity. However, in the final analysis both of them are united as the two sides of the same coin. Disregarding one or another type of creativity leads to a misbalance in both personal and social development.

Key words: Creativity, creativeness, creative individual, culture.

References

  • Krippner S. Kreativnost' // Psihologicheskaja jenciklopedija. 2-e izd. / Pod red. R. Korsini, A. Aujerbaha. SPb.: Piter, 2006.
  • Sergeev K.V. «Periferijnoe znanie» v diskurse kreativnosti: social'nye seti interesnogo// Internet-resurs. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.kreakratia.ru/page.asp? m=1845&id=2013
  • Torshina K.A. Sovremennye issledovanija problemy kreativnosti v zarubezhnoj psihologii // Voprosy psihologii. 1998. № 4. - S. 123-133.
  • Halifaeva O.A. Psihologicheskie uslovija razvitija kreativnosti podrostkov v uchebno-vospitatel'nom processe. Avtoref. … k. psihol.nauk. - Astrahan', 2007. - 20 s.
  • Knjazeva E.N. Odisseja nauchnogo razuma. Sinergeticheskoe videnie nauchnogo progressa. - M., 1995.
  • Knjazeva E.N. Topologija kognitivnoj dejatel'nosti: sinergeticheskij podhod // Jevoljucija. Jazyk. Poznanie. - M.: Jazyki russkoj kul'tury, 2000.
  • Bart R. Izbrannye raboty: Semiotika. Pojetika: Per. s fr./ Sost., obshh. red. i vstup. st. G.K. Kosikova. - M. Izdatel'skaja gruppa «Progress», «Univers», 1994.
  • Uajthed A. Prikljuchenija idej // Uajthed A. Izbr. raboty po filosofii. - M.: Progress, 1990.
  • Brodskij I. Koshach'e mjau // Brodskij I. Sochinenija. Tom VI. - SPb.: Pushkinskij fond, 2003.
  • Fromm Je., D. Sudzuki, R. de Martino. Dzjen-buddizm i psihoanaliz/ Per. s angl. - M.: «Ves' Mir», 1997.
  • Nalimov V.V. Spontannost' soznanija: Verojatnostnaja teorija smyslov i smyslovaja arhitektonika lichnosti. - M.: Prometej MGPI im. Lenina, 1989.
  • Hajdegger M. Istok hudozhestvennogo tvorenija // Hajdegger M. Raboty i razmyshlenija raznyh let. - M.: «Gnozis», 1993.
  • Hajdegger M. Chto takoe filosofija? // Voprosy filosofii. 1993. № 8.
  • Bergson A. Filosofskaja intuicija // Put' v filosofiju. Antologija. M.: PER SJe; SPb.: Universitetskaja kniga, 2001.
  • Levin V.I. Bibliograficheskij reportazh iz kamennogo veka // Chelovek. 2006. № 1.
  • Jung K.-G. Psihologicheskij kommentarij k «Tibetskoj knige Velikogo osvobozhdenija» // Jung K.-G. O psihologii vostochnyh religij i filosofij. - M.: Moskovskij filosofskij fond, «Medium», 1994.
  • Miller, David Lee. Philosophy of Creativity. American university studies, v. 60. - New York: P. Lang, 1989.
  • Pronkin D.D., Pronkina S.V. Odisseja tvorchestva: K bytijnosti sushhego cherez osushhestvlenie bytija. - SPb.: Aletejja, 2005.
  • Finogentov V.N. Vremja, bytie, chelovek. - Ufa: BGU, 1992
  • Finogentov V.N. Filosofija: Uchebnoe posobie – Ufa: UTIS. , 2001.
pdf-icon [Download ] [685 Kb]

Gennady DRACH

Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Department of Theory of Culture, Ethics and Aesthetics
Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor

Social Creativity of Culture

Does the global world reproduce cultural diversity or does it rather lead to social entropy, condemning the traditional cultures to a bitter struggle for survival? The article discusses creativity as a driving force behind both socio-cultural diversity and various ways of historical development. That is, creativity is realized in technologies which culminate and renew our social experiences, and in a multitude of our reflections on the meaning of life. By addressing the cultural model of the Ancient Greece one can outline the paradigm of the innovative development and “compulsory social creativity”. The article argues that using the theoretical advantages of the “social code” introduced by M. K. Petrov it is possible to show that the aspirations to victory and success, which are so characteristic for the agonistic European personality, are rooted in the certain cultural patterns and values: rationalism, individualism, self-realization. These patterns and values inevitably come into collision with the value systems of the traditional cultures.

Key words: creativity, culture, typology, sociality, self-consciousness, personality, social code, reason, science, education, agonism, glory, rationalism, individualism, freedom, modernization.

References

  • Erhardt A. The Beginning. Manchester, 1968.
  • Markarjan Je. S. Nauki o kul'ture i imperativy jepohi. - M., 2000.
  • Petrov M. K. Jazyk, znak, kul'tura. - M., «Nauka», 1991.
  • Ionin L. G. Sociologija kul'tury. - M., 1996.
  • Markarjan Je. S. Teorija kul'tury i sovremennaja nauka. - M., «Mysl'», 1983.
  • Zhdanov Ju. A., Davidovich V. E. Sushhnost' kul'tury. - Rostov-na-Donu: Nauka-press, 2005.
  • Nauka o nauke. / Per. s angl. M. K. Petrova. - M., «Progress», 1966.
  • Drach G. V. Kul'tura i razum: konvergencija ili divergencija? // Voprosy filosofii. 2003, № 8.
  • Kessidi F. H. Ot mifa k logosu. - SPb.: «Aletejja», 2003.
  • Petrov M. K. Piraty Jegejskogo morja i lichnost'. - M., ROSSPJeN, 1995.
  • Adkins W.H. Merit end Responsibility. - Oxford. N. Y., 1960.
  • Gouldner A. W. Enter Plato: Classical Greece and the Origins of Social Theory. - New York, 1995.
  • Kessidi F. H. Sokrat. - SPb.: «Aletejja», 2001.
pdf-icon [Download ] [697 Kb]

Viktor POLISHTCHUK

State University of Tyumen (Ishims Branch), Ishim, Russia
Department of Russian and foreign philology, culture and teaching methods
Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor

The creative Nature of the Ideal

The article analyses the concept of the Ideal in the history of culture. The author suggests that the nature of the Ideal can only be understood in its correlation with the Idol. It is argued, that the structure of the creative nature of the Ideal consists in the unity of the values such as Truth, Goodness and Beauty, as well as in the feelings correlated to these values. In conclusion, author claims that the Ideal itself can be grasped as the past experience of Truth, Goodness and Beauty. Hence comes ourpermanent attention to our past, our idealization of it.

Key words: Ideal, Idol, Truth, Goodness and Beauty, the past, the human experience.

References

  • Solov'ev V.S. Idoly i idealy // Smysl zhizni v russkoj filosofii. - SPb., 1995.
  • Il'enkov Je.V. Ob idolah i idealah. - M., 1968.
  • Solov'ev Vl.S. Lekcii po istorii filosofii // Vopr. filos. 1989. № 6.
  • Viljunas V.K. Psihologicheskie mehanizmy motivacii cheloveka. - M., 1990.
  • Tartuskaja rukopis' // Jestetika Immanuila Kanta i sovremennost'. - M., 1991.
pdf-  icon [Download ] [696 Kb]

Evgeny G. KAMENSKY

Southwest State University (SWSU), Kursk, Russia
Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and Sociology
Candidate of Science (Sociology)

Innovative Potential of Personality: theoretical Bases and Approaches to Study

Creating Systems of Innovation is one of the most actual challenges of the present-day. Not only is it important because of its pure economic aspects or advantages, but also because Innovation Systems presuppose development of the human capital. That is, it is not an exaggeration to say, that the innovative potential of personality becomes the central element of any Innovation System.The point is, that the exact place of a creative personality in the System’s structure is still not defined. In principle, it is possible to define and clarify this role of a creative personality with the help of the interdisciplinary approach. The presented article argues, however, that any interdisciplinary me-thodology requires careful specification, and presents an analysis of the different theoretical and methodological approaches involved in the study of the innovative potential of personality.

Key words: Innovations, personality, innovative potential, theoretical approaches.

References

  • Hagen Everett E. On the Theory of Social Change: How Economic Growth Begins/ Everett E. Hagen// Entrepreneurship: Critical Perspectives of Business and Management. – London: Routledge. – 2002.
  • Bakalavr jekonomiki: Hrestomatija v 3 tomah. Tom 2 / Pod red. prof. V.I. Vidjapina. – M.: Triada, 1999.
  • Bell D. Grjadushhee postindustrial'noe obshhestvo. Opyt social'nogo prognozirovanija / Perevod s anglijskogo V.L. Inozemceva. – M.: Akademija, 2004.
  • Bilevskaja Je. Svobodnyj mir Gleba Pavlovskogo // Prilozhenie k Nezavisimoj gazete ot 5 oktjabrja 2008 goda. – 2008.
  • Gumilev L. Jetnogenez i biosfera Zemli. – M.: JeKSMO, 2007.
  • Derkach A.A., Zazykin V.V. Akmeologija. – SPb.: Piter, 2003.
  • Druker P.F. Zadachi menedzhmenta v XXI veke / Perevod s anglijskogo. – M.: Izdatel'skij dom «Vil'jams», 2002.
  • Druker P.F. Jera social'noj transformacii / Perevod T. Lopuhinoj // Setevoj proekt «Russkogo mira» Russkij arhipelag, 2003.
  • Kiselev A.S. Sociologicheskaja perspektiva innovacionnogo obshhestva: Uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «Sputnik», 2007.
  • Kljuchevye ustanovki rossijskoj molodezhi// Fond «Obshhestvennoe mnenie». – Dominanty ot 14 janvarja 2010 goda. – 2010. - №1.
  • Kokurin D.I. Innovacionnaja dejatel'nost'. – M.: Jekzamen, 2001.
  • Korchagin Ju.A., Logunov V.N. Investicii i innovacii v jekonomike Rossii i regionov. – Voronezh: CIRJe, 2008.
  • Korchagin Ju.A. Rossijskij chelovecheskij kapital: faktor razvitija ili degradacii. – Voronezh: CIRJe, 2005.
  • Kravchenko S.I., Kladchenko I.S. Issledovanija sushhnosti innovacionnogo potenciala // Nauchnye trudy DonNTU. – Doneck: Serija «Jekonomika», 2004. – Vypusk 68.
  • Lazutina T.V., Mihalev A.V. Formirovanie innovacionnyh sposobnostej rabotnika kak faktor razvitija konkurentnyh otnoshenij. – Doklad na VII Mezhdunarodnyh Il'inskih nauchno-bogoslovskih chtenijah. Ekaterinburg 27-28 aprelja 2009 goda. – Informacionno-analiticheskoe agentstvo «Russkaja linija», 2009.
  • Lobackaja R.M. Formirovanie innovacionnoj lichnosti kak odna iz problem operezhajushhego innovacionnogo obrazovanija // Inzhenernoe obrazovanie. – 2007. - №4.
  • Markov V.N. Lichnostnye osnovy social'noj ustojchivosti // Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost'. – 2002. - №1.
  • Merton R. Social'naja struktura i anomija // Sociologija prestupnosti (Sovremennye burzhuaznye teorii) / Perevod s francuzskogo E.A. Samarskoj. Redaktor perevoda M.N. Greckij. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «Progress», 1966.
  • Morgunov E.V., Snegirev G.V. Nacional'naja innovacionnaja sistema: sushhnost' i soderzhanie // Sobstvennost' i rynok. - 2004. - №7.
  • Nacional'naja innovacionnaja sistema i gosudarstvennaja innovacionnaja politika Rossijskoj Federacii. Bazovyj doklad k obzoru OJeSR nacional'noj innovacionnoj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii / Ministerstvo obrazovanija i nauki Rossijskoj Federacii. – Moskva, 2009.
  • Oberemko O. Kogo my nazyvaem «Ljudi-XXI»// Social'naja real'nost'. – 2008. – №3.
  • Tard G. Zakony podrazhanija. – SPb, 1903. Fragmenty // Social'nye i gumanitarnye nauki. Otechestvennaja i zarubezhnaja literatura. Serija 11, Sociologija: referativnyj zhurnal. – M.: INION RAN, 1995.
  • Florida R. Kreativnyj klass: ljudi, kotorye menjajut budushhee/ Perevod s anglijskogo Konstantinova A. – M.: «Klassika - XXI», 2007.
  • Shtompka P. Sociologija social'nyh izmenenij/ Perevod s anglijskogo, pod redakciej V.A. Jadova. – M.: Aspekt Press, 1996.
pdf-icon [Download ] [785 Kb]

Theory of Culture

Gennady Pavlovich VYZHLETSOV

St. Petersburg State University, Russia
Institute of Philosophy, Professor of Department of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge
Doctor of Philosophical Science

Creativity of Culture: Alienation and Value

Creativity, in a broad sense, means the realization of human’s creative potential as both Creator and creation of culture, whereas, in a narrow sense, creativity can be defined as the pure ability to produce artifacts. At the same time, the point here is not to find another definition of culture, but to clarify and establish culture’s essential core as the source of creativity. From the perspective of the axiology of culture, the foundations of culture are values which exist only for humans. There are three Supreme Mysteries of Being interconnected within humans: Life - Consciousness - Spirit. All of them refer to the potential spiritual energy of the infinite Universe of Life. Values manifested in the human beings are truths of Spirit, which make them an intermediary conductor of the Spirit’s principles in the sphere of human consciousness and existence. However, all values exist as polar oppositions (good - evil, etc), which means that there is a confrontation within values, and the negative side of values is the source of human’s alienation from self, society and culture. That is, the real source of creativity is exactly this opposition within values. In this sense, culture, as the realization of values, is not a “totality” of them, but a process in which values overcome their dark antipodes from the sphere of alienation. The article argues, that the axiology of culture is not mere an approach to study culture, but rather both the initial methodological principle of such study and the genuine self-consciousness of the present stage in culture’s historical development.

Key words: culture, creativity, value, alienation, axiology, consciousness, spirit, man, being.

References

  • Bronskij M.V. Filosofskij analiz nauchnogo statusa aksiologii: Monografija. - Nizhnij Novgorod, 2001.
  • Vyzhlecov G.P. Aksiologija kul'tury. - SPb.,1996.
  • Vyzhlecov G.P. Sistemnaja metodologija v gumanitarnom poznanii// Slovo i mysl' v mezhdisciplinarnom prostranstve obrazovanija i kul'tury: Sb. statej pamjati prof.V.V.Sharonova (1930-2004)/ Pod red. M.S.Uvarova i V.Ja.Fetisova. - SPb.,2005.
  • Dokuchaev I.I. Cennost' i jekzistencija. Osnovopolozhenija istoricheskoj aksiologii kul'tury. - SPb.,2009.
  • Komt-Sponvill' A. Cennost' i istina: Cinichnye ocherki: Per. s franc. - Samara, 2002.
  • Lapina T.S. Filosofija kul'tury: variant ponimanija. - M.,2003.
  • Makejchik A.A. Aksiologija: Monografija. - SPb.,2004
  • Maksimov A.N. Filosofija cennostej. - M.,1997
  • Rozov N.S. Cennosti v problemnom mire: filosofskie osnovanija i social'nye prilozhenija konstruktivnoj aksiologii. - Novosibirsk, 1998.
  • Sagatovskij V.N. Filosofija kul'tury: predmet i bazovye ponjatija// Paradigma: Filosofsko-kul'turologicheskij al'manah. Vyp.11/ Pod red. M.S.Uvarova. - SPb., 2008.
  • Frank S.L. Jetika nigilizma// Sochinenija. - M.,1990.
  • Hajdegger M. Fenomenologija i transcendental'naja filosofija cennosti. - Kiev, 1996.
  • Shohin V.K. Filosofija cennostej i rannjaja aksiologicheskaja mysl': Monografija. - M., 2006.
  • Lemos R.M. The Nature of Value. Axiological Investigations. - Gainesville,1995.
pdf-  icon [Download ] [726 Kb]

Rimma SHAMAEVA

Chelyabinsk State Academy of Culture and Arts, Chelyabinsk, Russia
Department of Music Education
Associate Professor, PhD in Cultural Studies

The Phenomenon of Creativity in the Context of Culture

The article discusses the concept of creativity in its relationship with the notion of creation. The article focuses on the identification of the specific cases of creativity associated with the emergence of a radical new culture. That is, creativity in its highest form acquires qualities which enable it to effectively transform the cultural and social environment.

Key words: Creativity, creation, new forms of culture, contemporary culture.

References

  • Akopjan, K. Z. Tvorchestvo kak poisk smysla [Tekst] / K. Z. Akopjan // Tvorchestvo kak princip antropogeneza. – M.: Akad. gumanitar. issled., 2006. – S. 229 – 305.
  • Berdjaev, N. A. Tvorchestvo i ob#ektivacija. Opyt jeshatologicheskoj metafiziki [Jelektronnyj resurs] / N. A. Berdjaev. – Rezhim dostupa: http://biblioteka.teatr- obraz.ru/node/6984. – Zagl. s jekrana.
  • Vitan'i, I. Obshhestvo, kul'tura, sociologija [Tekst]: per. s veng. / I. Vitan'i; obshh. red. S. N. Plotnikova. – M.: Progress, 1984. – 288 s.
  • Dorfman, L. Ja. Osnovnye napravlenija issledovanij kreativnosti v nauke i iskusstve [Tekst] / L. Ja. Dorfman, G. V. Kovaleva // Vopr. psihologii. – 1999. – № 2. – S. 101 – 106.
  • Kagan, M. S. Jestetika kak filosofskaja nauka [Tekst] / M. S. Kagan. – SPb.: Petropolis, 1997. – 544 s.
  • Karhin, G. Novyj stil' myshlenija i novaja filosofija [Jelektronnyj resurs] / G. Karhin. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.rags.ru/akadem/all/31-2004/31-2004-115.html. – Zagl. s jekrana.
  • Kasavin, I. T. Tradicii i interpretacii: fragmenty istor. jepistemologii [Tekst] / I. T. Kasavin. – M. – SPb.: Izdatel'stvo RHGI, 2000. – 320 s.
  • Kul'turologija [Tekst]: jencikloped. slovar'. – Rostov n/D: Feniks, 1997. – 640 s.
  • Kun, T. Struktura nauchnyh revoljucij [Tekst]: sb.: per. s angl. / T. Kun. – M.: AST, 2003. – 365 s.
  • Nel'son, R. Kreativ – iskusstvo pragmatika, ili Kak sotvorit' «prodajushhuju» reklamnuju ideju [Jelektronnyj resurs] / R. Nel'son. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.kstyati.ru/cre_articles/cre_nilson.html. – Zagl. s jekrana.
  • Ostval'd, V. Izobretateli i issledovateli [Tekst]: per s nem / V. Ostval'd; pod red. V. V. Bigera. – SPb : Izd-vo «Vestnika znanija», 1909. – 51 s.
  • Pen'kova, M. R. Kreativnost' social'nogo dejstvija v sovremennoj sociologicheskoj teorii: analiz pragmatistskih i neopragmatistskih koncepcij [Tekst]: dis. … kand. sociolog. nauk / M. R. Pen'kova. – M., 2006. – 201 s.
  • Pigorov, G. S. Kreatologija i intellektual'nye tehnologii innovacionnogo razvitija [Tekst]: uchebnik dlja vuzov / G. S. Pigorov, V. P. Kozinec, A. G. Mahmudov, S. V. Antonenko i dr. – Dnepropetrovsk: Porogi, 2003. – 502 s.
  • Platon. Izbrannye dialogi [Tekst] / Platon. – M.: Hudozhestvennaja literatura, 1965. – 205 s.
  • Prigozhin, I. Kreativnost' v naukah i gumanitarnom znanii: issledovanie otnoshenija mezhdu dvumja kul'turami [Tekst] / I. Prigozhin // Opredeleno li budushhee.– M.: In-t komp'juternyh issledovanij. – 2005. – 233 s.
  • Puankare, A. O nauke [Tekst] / A. Puankare; pod red. L. S. Pontrjagina // Cennost' nauki. Matematicheskie nauki. – M.: Nauka, 1989. – S. 399 – 414.
  • Samohvalova, V. I. Tvorchestvo kak antropokul'turnyj fenomen [Tekst] / V. A. Samohvalova // Tvorchestvo kak princip antropogeneza / In-t filosofii RAN. – M.: Akad. gumanitar. issled., 2006. – S. 162 – 228.
  • Sergeeva, O. A. Sootnoshenie novacij i tradicij v civilizacionnom processe [Tekst] / O. A. Sergeeva // Filosofija i obshhestvo. – 1999. – № 2. – S. 190–213.
  • Torshina, K. A. Sovremennye issledovanija problemy kreativnosti v zarubezhnoj psihologii [Tekst] / K. A. Torshina // Vopr. psihologii. – 1998. – № 4. – S. 124 – 132.
  • Uajthed, A. N. Izbrannye raboty po filosofii [Tekst] / A. N. Uajthed; sost. I. T. Kasavin; obshh. red. i vstup. st. M. A. Kiselja. – M.: Progress, 1990. – 388 s.
  • Florida, R. Kreativnyj klass: ljudi, kotorye menjajut budushhee [Tekst]: per. s angl. / R. Florida. – M.: Klassika – XXI, 2005. – 421 s.
  • Shabatura, L. N. Tradicija i kreativnost' v razvitii tvorcheskogo potenciala cheloveka [Tekst] / L. N. Shabatura // Filosofija cheloveka: sb. nauch.tr. / nauch. red.: P. S. Gurevich, N. K. Pozdnjakov. – Omsk: Izd-vo OmGU, 2004. – S. 388 – 397.
  • Shamaeva R.M. Kreativnost' v muzykal'noj kul'ture [Tekst]: diss. … kand. kul'turologii / R.M. Shamaeva. – Cheljabinsk, 2009. –144 s.
  • Jacenko, L. V. Tvorchestvo [Tekst] / L. V. Jacenko // Novaja filosofskaja jenciklopedija: V 4 t. / In-t filosofii RAN, Nac. obshh.-nauch. fond; nauch. red. M. S. Kovaleva i dr. – M.: Mysl', 2000.
pdf-icon [Download ] [696 Kb]

Liudmila Aleksandrovna SHTOMPEL

Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Head of Department of the Theory of Culture, Ethics and Esthetics of Institute of Philosophy and Socio-political Sciences
Doctor of Philosophical Science, Professor

Creativity of Culture: Time and Beyond Time

The article is devoted to the problem of coexistence of time and culture. Three levels of their interaction and interdependence are discussed throughout the paper: chronological level, level of values and transgressive level. The first chronological level is connected with the formation of sequences of events and processes occurring in culture. Level of values deals with the connection of the concrete moment of time with culture’s ideal values and goals. Finally, on the transgression level happens transition which leads culture beyond time. That is, this transgression allows culture to step out of the limits of time and reach the level of eternity - level of the spiritual integrity existing beyond time. The article presents and develops author’s own concept of value-informational understanding of time.

Key words: time, culture, present time, interruption (gap), border, now, meaning, eternity.

References

  • Августин А. Исповедь. Кн.11. // Августин А. Исповедь; Абеляр П. История моих бедствий / Пер. с лат. - М.: Республика, 1992. М., 1982.
  • Аристотель. Физика //Аристотель. Соч. в 4-х тт. Т.3. - М.: Мысль, 1981.
  • Бродель Ф. Материальная цивилизация, экономика и капитализм, XV-XVIII вв. Т.3. Время мира. – М.: Весь мир, 2007.
  • Виндельбанд В. Философия в немецкой духовной жизни XIX столетия. – М., 1993.
  • Даль В.И. Толковый словарь живого великорусского языка. В 4-х т.т. Т.1. - М.: Рус. язык, 1978.
  • Зиммель Г. Проблема исторического времени//Зиммель Г. Избранное. Т.1. Философия культуры. - М., 1996.
  • Фасмер М. Этимологический словарь русского языка. Т.1-4. - СПб.: Азбука, 1996.
  • Шпенглер О. Закат Европы. Очерки морфологии мировой истории. М., 1993
pdf-icon [Download ] [651 Kb]

Concepts of Culture

Natalia Pavlovna LYSIKOVA

National Research Saratov State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky, Saratov, Russia
Institute of Continuing Professional Education, Department of Education Management
Associate Professor, PhD in Philosophy

Folk Culture as a Creative Resource of Human Identification

The article is devoted to the analysis of main characteristics of popular culture and its interrelations with folk culture. In the face of modern social and cultural risks one can observe the increasing weakening of national and cultural identity. The article argues that some of the main characteristics of the popular culture (heterogeneity, openness, dynamism, syncretism, dialogism, stability, coherence and complementarily etc) are supported by the preceding folk culture. That is, folk’s culture group solidarity, accent on direct communication, regulative behavior style etc find its expression in the popular culture. Through popular culture individuals realize their belonging to a specific social and cultural environment with which they can identify themselves.

Key words: folk and popular culture, the principles of folk culture, education, creative life, mentality, traditions, norms and customs.

References

  • Vlasov V. G. Ontologija narodnoj mediciny // Chelovek. 2001. №3.
  • Bom D. Nauka i duhovnost': neobhodimost' izmenenij v kul'ture // Chelovek. 1993. № 1.
  • Lotman Ju. M. K postroeniju teorii vzaimodejstvija kul'tur (semioticheskij aspekt) // Lotman Ju. M. Izbr. st.: v 3 t. T. 1. Stat'i po semiotike i tipologii kul'tury. - Tallinn. 1992.
  • Jejzenshtejn O. M. Psihologija iskusstva // Psihologija processov hudozhestvennogo tvorchestva. - L., 1980.
  • Tjerner V. Simvol i ritual. - M., 1983.
  • Filatova V. F. Magija i narodnoe pravoslavie // Chelovek. 2009. № 6.
  • Bahtin M. M. Fransua Rable i narodnaja kul'tura srednevekov'ja i Renessansa. - M., 1990.
  • Istorija russkoj kul'tury. - M., 2006.
  • Vishlenkova E. A. «Telo dlja naroda ili «uvidet' russkogo dano ne kazhdomu» // Chelovek. № 3. 2008.
  • Konvencija ob ohrane vsemirnogo kul'turnogo i prirodnogo nasledija JuNESKO (Tekst) // Vsemirnoe kul'turnoe i prirodnoe nasledie: dokumenty, kommentarii, spiski ob#ektov. - M., 1999.
  • Polan'i K. Velikaja transformacija: politicheskie i jekonomicheskie istoki nashego vremeni / Per. s angl. A. A. Vasil'eva i dr. - SPb., 2002.
  • Dobren'kov V. I. Globalizacija i Rossija: Sociologicheskij analiz. - M., 2006.
  • Jadov V. A. Sovremennaja teoreticheskaja sociologija kak konceptual'naja baza issledovanija rossijskih transformacij. - SPb., 2006.
  • Mnogolikaja globalizacija: Kul'turnoe raznoobrazie v sovremennom mire / Pod red. P. Bergera, S. Hantingtona. - M., 2004.
  • Zolotuhina-Abolina E. V. V. V. Nalimov. - M., 2005.
  • Jerikson Je. Identichnost': junost' i krizis. - M., 1996.
  • Jerikson Je. Detstvo i obshhestvo. - SPb., 1996.
  • Dzhozef D. Jazyk i nacional'naja identichnost' // Logos. 2005. № 4 (49).
  • Rossijskaja mental'nost' (Materialy «kruglogo stola») // Voprosy filosofii. 1994. №1.
  • Kusov V. G. Kategorija mental'nosti v sociologicheskom izmerenii // Sociologicheskie issledovanija. 2000. № 9.
  • Mid M. Kul'tura i mir detstva. - M., 1988.
  • Sorokin P. A. Lichnost', obshhestvo i kul'tura kak nerazryvnaja triada // P. A. Sorokin. Chelovek. Civilizacija. Obshhestvo. - M., 1992.
  • Fort'e A. M. Jazyk i identichnost' kvebekcev ital'janskogo proishozhdenija // Logos. 2005. №4.
pdf-icon [Download ] [790 Kb]

Igor Vadimovitch KONDAKOV

Russian State Humanities University, Moscow, Russia
School of Art History, Department of History and Theory of Culture
Professor, Doctor of Philosophical Science, PhD in Philology

“The Learned Cat” in Russian and World Culture

It is not an accident that images of sly, cunning cats take that much space in the history of Russian and world culture. For instance, the cat in the Charles Perrault’s fairy tale is the best and most use-ful part of the protagonist's inheritance. This cat embodies the highest achievements of the European culture of the 17th century: nobility of a knight, spirit of enterprise, creative imagination. At the same time, it is not possible to imagine Robinson Crusoe without the company of cats, which reflects and symbolizes a link between civilization and wildness. One can also mention Hoffman’s novel “The Life and Opinions of the Tomcat Murr” which illustrates a struggle between romanticism and realism by the example of a conflict between a cat and its master. All in all, there is a multitude of images of cats in the novels of E.A. Poe, S. Pushkin’s work, in the N.Gogol’s mystic novels, in the poetry of A. Fet, etc. The presented article aims to provide an analysis of the images of a “learned cat” in the literary works mentioned above.

Key words: image of cat, learned cat, smart cat, history of literature, Russian culture, world culture.

References

  • Lotman Ju.M. Problema hudozhestvennogo prostranstva v proze Gogolja // On zhe. Izbrannye stat'i: V 3 t. Tallinn, 1992. T. I.
  • Dol'nik V.R. Neposlushnoe ditja biosfery: Besedy o povedenii cheloveka v kompanii ptic, zverej i detej. 3 izd. SPb., 2003.
  • Merkulov I.P. Vzaimosvjaz' biologicheskoj i kul'turnoj jevoljucii // Biologija i kul'tura. M., 2004.
  • Kondakov I.V. Novyj sinkrezis na rubezhe XXI veka // Teorija hudozhestvennoj kul'tury. M., 2000. Vyp. 4.
  • Bahtin M.M. K filosofii postupka // Filosofija i sociologija nauki i tehniki. Ezhegodnik 1984-1985. – M., 1986.
pdf-icon [Download ] [707 Kb]

Theory of Art

Elena BARNASHOVA

National Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia
Institute of Arts and Culture, Department of Theory and History of Culture
PhD in Philology, Associate Professor

Philosophical and artistic systems in the 19th century culture: to the problem of interrelations

The complex dialectical relationship between philosophy and artcan rarely be seen distinctly outside of the general cultural context. One can distinguish two different readings of such relationships on the example of the late 19th century. The first reading ofsuch relationship suggest that links between art and philosophy should be drawn sharplyand even simplistically. The example of such reading would be the usual interpretation of the connection between the positivist philosophyand the literary naturalism.Philosophical systems are traditionally understood as methodological foundations for the literary systems.Although given the general cultural context one can never determine the exact relation between them. This relation might rather be seen as a multitude of connotations created by asingle cultural pulse. In other words, connotations between the positivism and naturalism reflect their common ground - trends and problems of the late 19th century. In this way, it is more accurate to suggest that a single positivist worldview is the foundation for both positivism and literary naturalism. The second reading of the philosophy and art relations is to the contrary focused on the non-detection of the interrelations and connections between them. One can thinkabout usually omitted resemblance between impressionist painting and“philosophy of life”. They are both usually contextualized within irrational “Dionysian” culture. However, one can sug-gest that impressionism did reflect a birth of the new world perception. This perception was further developed in the symbolism and later conceptualized in the “philosophy of life”. In other words, here philosophy and art are involved in the different stages of the process which basically creates anew world view.

Key words: culture of the 19th century, interrelations, philosophy, art, positivism, naturalism, impressionism, “philosophy of life”.

References

  • Andreev L.G. Impressionizm. M., 1980.
  • Bal'zak O. Sobranie sochinenij: v 15 t. M.: GIHL, 1951. T.1.
  • Bogemskaja K.G. Klod Mone. M., 1980.
  • Vajnshtejn O.B. Jazyk romanticheskoj mysli. O filosofskom stile Novalisa i Fridriha Shlegelja / Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj gumanitarnyj universitet. M., 1994 (Chtenija po istorii i teorii kul'tury. Vyp. 6 . Istoricheskaja pojetika).
  • Venturi L. Ot Mane do Lotreka. M., 1956.
  • German M.Ju. Impressionisty. Sud'by, iskusstvo, vremja. M., 2004.
  • Zimmel' G. Konflikt sovremennoj kul'tury // Kul'turologija. XX vek: Antologija. M., 1996. S. 378-398.
  • Istorija jestetiki. Pamjatniki mirovoj jesteticheskoj mysli. M., 1967. T.3.
  • Kont O. Duh pozitivnoj filosofii. Slovo o polozhitel'nom myshlenii. Spb., 1910.
  • Novikov A.V. Ot pozitivizma k intuitivizmu. M., 1976.
  • Prozerskij V.V. Pozitivizm i jestetika. L., 1983.
  • Revald D. Istorija impressionizma. M., 1984.
  • Rejtesverdt O. Impressionisty pered publikoj i kritikoj; M., 1974.
  • Tolmachev V.M. Tipologija simvolizma // Zarubezhnaja literatura konca XIX – nachala XX veka. Uchebnoe posobie dlja studentov vuzov. M., 2003. S. 109-137.
  • Francuzskie stihi v perevodah russkih pojetov XIX-XX vv. - 2-e izd. - M., 1973.
  • Cejtlin A.G. Stanovlenie realizma v russkoj literature. (Russkij fiziologicheskij ocherk). M., 1965
  • Chegodaev A.D. Impressionisty. M., 1971.
  • Shpengler O. Zakat Evropy. Novosibirsk, 1993.
  • Jakimovich T.K. Francuzskij realisticheskij ocherk 1830-1848 gg. M., 1963.
  • Jarocin'skij S. Debjussi, impressionizm i simvolizm. M., 1972 i dr.
pdf-  icon [Download ] [755 Kb]

Oleg ASTAKHOV

Kemerovo State University of Culture and Arts, Kemerovo, Russia
Department of Cultural Sciences
PhD of cultural sciences, Associate Professor

Reflexivity of personality identification in the art culture of the XX century

The complex process of personal self-determination is a characteristic feature of the modern culture, and it generates a high level of personality’s reflexive activity. This reflexive search for meaning and for vital imperatives often leads to a revaluation of values. In other words, the uncertainty of the modern society and its conflict with person stimulate striving for reflexive self-identification. It is crucial that in such reflection an identity of the subject and thinking object is observed, which, in turn, presupposes the formation of the sensual truth. One can find this focus on the present,this exclusive attention to the individual feelings in various forms of modern art as well. In many respects it corresponds to the P.Sorokin’s vision of the contemporary sensual culture. This culture, argues Sorokin, forms a certain style or type of art which is free from any super-sensual symbolism. The article argues that the result of the mentioned strive for the personal self- identification is the search and discovery of the new truth, whereas the modern art is rather focused only on establishing the relative relations, but never seeks the whole truth, which leads to a conclusion that the modern art is indeed in a state of crisis.

Key words: reflexive thinking, personality identification, sensual type of culture, relative values, art culture, modern art.

References

  • Bahtin M.M. Jestetika slovesnogo tvorchestva. - M., 1979.
  • Gegel' G.V.F. Fenomenologija duha // Gegel' G.V.F. Sochinenija: v 14 t. - M., 1959. - T.4.
  • Chelovek i mir cheloveka. - Kiev, 1977.
  • Mirovozzrencheskaja kul'tura lichnosti. - Kiev, 1986.
  • Kul'tural'naja antropologija / Red. Emel'janov Ju.N, Skvorcov NG. - SPb., 1996.
  • Taylor Ch. Sources of the self: The making of the mod. Identity. - Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. press, 1992.
  • Krasikov V. I. Metafizika samoopredelenija. - Kemerovo, 1995.
  • Maslou A.G. Motivacija i lichnost'. - SPb., 1999.
  • Bassina E. Identification: reality or a theoretic construct? // Dynamische Psychiatrie. - West Berlin. - 1990.
  • Batishhev G. S. Social'nye svjazi cheloveka v kul'ture // Kul'tura, chelovek i kartina mira. - M.,1987.
  • Ionin L.G. Identifikacija i inscenirovka // Sociologicheskie issledovanija. - 1995. - №5.
  • Garfinkel H. Studies in Ethnomethodology. - Englewood Cliffs. New Jersey, 1968.
  • Diligenskij G.G. V zashhitu individual'nosti // Voprosy filosofii. - 1990. - №3.
  • Kul'tural'naja antropologija / Red. Emel'janov Ju.N, Skvorcov N G. - SPb., 1996.
  • Sorokin P. A. Sociokul'turnaja dinamika // Sorkin P. A. Chelovek. Civilizacija. Obshhestvo. - M., 1992.
  • Barulin V. S. Social'no-filosofskaja antropologija. - M., 1994.
  • Shopengaujer A. Mir kak volja i predstavlenie. - M., 1993.
  • Gegel' G.V.F. Lekcii po istorii filosofii. Kniga pervaja. - SPb., 1993.
  • Kaganskij V.L. Landshaft i kul'tura // Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost'. - 1997. - №1.
  • Golenkov S.I. Shematizm myshlenija kak problema filosofii kul'tury // Filosofija kul'tury 1995. - Samara, 1995.
  • Kagan M.S. Filosofskoe myshlenie v prostranstve kul'tury // Paradigma filosofstvovanija. Vtorye mezhdunarodnye filosofsko-kul'turologicheskie chtenija. Vyp. 2. - SPb., 1995.
  • Konev V.A. Social'noe bytie iskusstva. - Saratov, 1975.
pdf-icon [Download ] [727 Kb]

Svetlana NIKONOVA

St. Petersburg University of the humanities and social sciences, St. Petersburg Russia
Chair of Philosophy and Cultural Studies, Doctor of Philosophical Science, Professor

Current strategies for interdisciplinary study of art: Arthur Danto’s philosophy of art

To define what art is today is a very complicated task. The article argues, that it is fruitful to try not to give an objective definition of art, but rather to focus on understanding why, faced with certain pieces of art, we indeed perceive them, even if randomly and subjective, as genuine works of art. One can try to formulate such understanding using Arthur Danto’s philosophy of art, which explains contemporary art not only merely as an artistic action, but also sees it as an expression of philosophy or philosophical action.

Key words: Philosophy of Art, Art theory, Arthur Danto, contemporary art.

References

  • Se Hje. Kategorii drevnih zhivopiscev // Kitajskoe iskusstvo. Principy. Shkoly. Mastera / Sost., per. s kit. i angl., vstup. st., ocherki i komm. V.V.Maljavina. - M., 2004.
  • Zupanchich A. O ljubvi kak komedii // Istorija ljubvi. - SPb., 2005.
  • Zhizhek S. Ustrojstvo razryva. Parallaksnoe videnie. - M., 2008.
  • Gegel' G.V.F. Lekcii po jestetike. T.1. - SPb., 1999.
  • Danto A. The Transfiguration of the Commonplace. A Philosophy of Art. - Harvard University press, 1981.
  • Sartr Zh.-P. Voobrazhaemoe. Fenomenologicheskaja psihologija voobrazhenija. - SPb., 2001.
  • Hajdegger M. Istok hudozhestvennogo tvorenija // Hajdegger M. Raboty i razmyshlenija raznyh let. - M, 1993.
  • Haksli O. Dveri vosprijatija. - SPb, 1999.
  • Danto A. Encounters and Reflections. Art in the Historical Present. - Univ. of California Press, 1997.
pdf-icon [Download ] [729 Kb]
 

LAST ARTICLES

К проблеме наездницы русского постмодернизма

Sunday, 22 September 2013 | Olga Kirillova
There are no translations available.Посвящается В. Л. Рабиновичу Насмерть загоню? Не бойся — ты же, брат, не Брут: Смерть мала...
Comment: 1

«Цифра и Роза» (Размышления в поле выставки)

Sunday, 01 October 2017 | Mikhail
There are no translations available. Выставка «Цифра и Роза» вдохновлена недавно изданной книгой искусствоведа Франциски...
Comments: 0

Арзрум, да не тот. Империобол как предчувствие футболистической революции

Tuesday, 26 June 2012 | Alexander Lyusiy
There are no translations available.В основе материала — выступление автора на Международном конгрессе «Россия и Польша:...
Comments: 0

Reminder about Humbert

Thursday, 05 April 2012 | Alexander Lyusiy
There are no translations available yet.
Comments: 0

There are no translations available yet

Friday, 01 July 2011 | Irina Sokolova
There are no translations available yet
Comments: 0

Oil — a metaphor for culture

Tuesday, 15 November 2011 | Anna Rileva
There are no translations available yet
Comments: 2

Образно-эмоциональное восприятие архитектурно-пространственной среды малого арктического города

Sunday, 01 October 2017 | Mikhail
There are no translations available. Образно-эмоциональное восприятие архитектурно-пространственной среды малого...
Comments: 0

The Chronotope of Illustrated Magazine

Friday, 14 January 2011 | Margarita Gudova
The article deals with the industry glossy magazines as an agent of modernization of consciousness and the transition from the patriarchal and industrial models to the identification of...
Comments: 3

There are no translations available yet

Tuesday, 15 November 2011 | Alexey Krivolap
There are no translations available yet
Comment: 1