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# 2(19) 2015: Politics of Memory
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Topic of the Issue

Yuliya ZHERDEVA

Samara State University of Economics, Samara, Russia
Associate Professor, Ph.D. in History

Sense of Place as Concept of Social Memory

The article concerns to the problem of construction the mechanisms of individual and social identity through a sense of place. The author considers a sense of place as individual and social perception of locus that could accumulate specific experience of place and motivate the local identity based on this perception.

Key words: memory, social memory, identity, sense of place, “spirit of place”

References

  • Anikin D.A. Pamjat' kak social'nyj fenomen // Izvestija Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaja serija. Serija: Filosofija, Psihologija, Pedagogika. – 2007. – T. 7. - # 1.
  • Assman K. Kul'turnaja pamjat'. Pis'mo i pamjat' o proshlom i politicheskaja identichnost' v vysokih kul'turah drevnosti. – M.: Jazyki slavjanskoj kul'tury, 2004.
  • Gurevich A.Ja. Agrarnyj stroj varvarov // Gurevich A.Ja. Izbrannye trudy. Drevnie germancy. Vikingi. SPb.: Izd-vo S.-Peterb. un-ta, 2007. – 352 s.
  • Istorija i pamjat': Istoricheskaja kul'tura Evropy do nachala Novogo vremeni / Pod red. L.P. Repinoj. – M., 2006.
  • Jejts F. Iskusstvo pamjati. – SPb.: Universitetskaja kniga, 1997. – 479 s.
  • Repina L.P. Istoricheskaja pamjat' i sovremennaja istoriografija // Novaja i novejshaja istorija. – 2004. - # 5.
  • Sokolova M.V. Chto takoe istoricheskaja pamjat' // Prepodavanie istorii v shkole: nauchno-teoreticheskij i metodicheskij zhurnal. – 2008. - # 7.
  • Hal'bvaks M. Social'nye ramki pamjati. – M.: Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2007.
  • Hal'bvaks M. Kollektivnaja i istoricheskaja pamjat' // Neprikosnovennyj zapas. – 2005. - # 2-3.
  • Hatton P. Istorija kak iskusstvo pamjati. – SPb.: Izd-vo «Vladimir Dal'», 2003.
  • Shjuc A. Struktura povsednevnogo myshlenija // Socis. – 1988. - # 2.
  • Ardoin N.M. Toward an Interdisciplinary Understanding of place: Lessons for Environmental Education. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, No. 11, 2006.
  • Bott S., Cantrill J.G., Myers O.E., jr. Place and the Promise of Conservation Psychology. Human Ecology Review, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2003.
  • Kruger, Linda. E.; Hall, Troy E.; Stiefel, Maria C., tech. eds. Understanding concepts of place in recreation research and management. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 2008.
  • Nora P. Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire. Representations. No. 26, Special Issue: Memory and Counter-Memory, 1989.
  • Stedman R.C. Sense of Place and Forest Science: Toward a Program of Quantitative Research. Forest Science, Volume 49, No. 6, December 2003.
  • Stokols D., Altman I. Handbook of Environmental Psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1987.
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Iaroslav GOLUBINOV

Samara State Medical University, Samara, Russia
Department of Philosophy and Cultural Studies
Assistant Professor, Ph.D. in History

Memory of War : Paradox of Forgetting

The article is devoted to the problem of cultural memory and forgetting. The main case of the article is concerned with social memory processes of the First World War in modern Russian society. The Great War was completely repressed in Russian memory for many years. But now this war is the good example of memory constructing without massive ideological suppression.

Key words: the First World War, Russia, society, memory, oblivion.

References

  • Orlovski D. Vojna i pamjat' // Rossija i Pervaja mirovaja vojna: Materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo kollokviuma. SPb., 1999.
  • Nora P. Problematika mest pamjati // Francija – pamjat'. SPb., 1999.
  • Lotman Ju.M. Pamjat' v kul'turologicheskom osveshhenii // Lotman Ju.M. Izbrannye stat'i. T. 1. Tallinn, 1992.
  • Burlina E.Ja. Bytie strany v zerkale zhanrov: russkaja kul'tury vtoroj poloviny 19-go veka // Al'manah "StaLaPlan". Samara, 2005.
  • Hobsbaum Je. Vek Imperii. 1875-1914. Rostov n/D, 1999.
  • Kajua R. Mif i chelovek. Chelovek i sakral'noe. M., 2003.
  • Buldakov V.P. Krasnaja smuta. Priroda i posledstvija russkogo revoljucionnogo nasilija. M., 1997.
  • Posadskij, A.V. Krest'janstvo vo vseobshhej mobilizacii armii i flota 1914 goda : (Na materialah Saratovskoj gubernii). Saratov, 2002.
  • Posadskij, A.V. Bol'shinstvo naselenija bylo gotovo na zhertvy // Voenno-istoricheskij zhurnal. M., 2001. # 9.
  • Fedorchenko S.Z. Narod na vojne. M., 1990.
  • Porshneva O.S. Krest'jane, rabochie i soldaty Rossii nakanune i v gody Pervoj mirovoj vojny. M., 2004.
  • Lokteva N.A. Frontovye pis'ma kak istochnik dlja izuchenija moral'nogo i patrioticheskogo duha soldat Pervoj mirovoj vojny // Poslednjaja vojna Rossijskoj imperii. M., 2006.
  • Izmozik V.S. K voprosu o politicheskih nastroenijah rossijskogo obshhestva v kanun 1917 g. (po materialam perljustracii) // Rossija i Pervaja mirovaja vojna: Materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo kollokviuma. SPb., 1999.
  • Samarskij zemledelec. Samara, 1916. #7.
  • Vestnik penzenskogo zemstva. Penza, 1915. # 49-50.
  • Vestnik penzenskogo zemstva. Penza, 1916. #29-30.
  • Sauti R. Blengejmskij boj // Jeolova arfa. Antologija ballady. M., 1989.
  • Hellman, Ben. Pervaja mirovaja vojna v lubochnoj literature // Rossija i Pervaja mirovaja vojna: Materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo kollokviuma. SPb., 1999.
  • Blok A. Zapisnye knizhki (1901-1920). M., 1965.
  • D'jachkov V.L., Protasov L.G. Velikaja vojna i obshhestvennoe soznanie: prevratnosti indoktrinacii i vosprijatija // Rossija i Pervaja mirovaja vojna: Materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo kollokviuma. SPb., 1999.
  • Smirnov N.N. Vojna i rossijskaja intelligencija // Rossija i Pervaja mirovaja vojna: Materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo kollokviuma. SPb., 1999.
  • Gatrell P. Russia's First World War: a social and economic history. L.: Pearson-Longman, 2005.
  • Vvedenskij G. Vozroditsja li Ratnaja palata? // Sankt-Peterburgskie vedomosti. 16.06.2008. # 107. URL: http://www.spbvedomosti.ru/article.htm? id=10250948@SV_Articles. Provereno: 20.07.2010.
  • Tarhova N.S. Kak sozdavalas' istorija Pervoj mirovoj vojny (o dejatel'nosti komissii po issledovaniju i ispol'zovaniju opyta vojny 1914-1918 gg.) // Poslednjaja vojna Rossijskoj imperii. M., 2006.
  • Strategicheskij ocherk vojny 1914-1918 gg. V 7 chastjah. M., 1922.
  • Bukshpan Ja.M. Voenno-hozjajstvennaja politika. Formy i organy regulirovanija narodnogo hozjajstva vo vremja mirovoj vojny 1914-1918 gg. M.-L., 1929.
  • Gluzman S.A. Mental'noe prostranstvo Rossii. SPb., 2010.
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Tamara FOKINA

Stolypin Volga Region Institute of Administration -
the branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Saratov, Russia
Professor, Professor Emeritus, Ph.D. in Philosophy

Tatyana CHERNYAEVA

Stolypin Volga Region Institute of Administration -
the branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Saratov, Russia
Professor, Head of the Department of social Communication, Doctor of Sciences in Sociology

Correspondence: by the Tracks of Our Roads

The correspondence is a holistic system; and it’s complexity requires the use of various methods: linguistic and semiotic methods in the frame of a general theory of communication, and specific methods associated with culture-centered attitudes (estimation past, envy, " naïve" discourse, private/ public boundaries, nostalgia, social remarkability, achievability , commemoration) for the research. The author's project is directed to creating fundamental socio-cultural models of correspondence, the reconstruction of the evolution of cultural practices and strategies for its construction.

Key words: correspondence as a holistic social phenomrnon and communicative packaging of life world, socio-cultural model and the research methods of correspondence, modern strategies of constructing correspondence and research draft.

References

  • Reshhikova I.P., Fokina T.P. Saratov v metafizicheskom narjade. / Observatorija kul'tury, 2007. #3. S.130-138.
  • Fokina T.P., Reshhikova I.P. Perepiska kak metafora virtual'noj kommunikacii // Virtual'noe prostranstvo kul'tury. Sbornik nauch. statej / Pod red. E.V. Listvinoj. Saratov: IC «Nauka», 2008. S. 25 – 36.
  • Fokina T.P. Ja k vam pishu – chego zhe bole? (O nekotoryh vozmozhnostjah issledovanija perepiski kak Celostnogo teksta) // Voprosy social'noj psihologii. Vyp 5 (10): Sb. nauch. Trud. - Saratov: IC «Nauka», 2009. S. 165-174.
  • Luman N. Chto takoe kommunikacija? Jelektronnyj resurs. Rezhim dostupa http://www.soc.pu.ru/publications/pts/luman_3.shtml
  • Fuko M. Chto takoe avtor? / Volja k istine: po tu storonu vlasti, znanija i seksual'nosti. Raboty raznyh let / Per. s franc. M.: Kastal', 1996. S. 9-46.
  • Fokina T.P. Saratov – Maalot: perepiska kak celostnyj fenomen: Uchebnoe posobie». Saratov: Izdatel'stvo Povolzhskoj akademii gosudarstvennoj sluzhby imeni P.P. Stolypina. 2010. 200 s. Ill.6.
  • Luman N. Samoopisanija. M.: Logos/Gnozis, 2009.
  • Kolotaev V.A. Metaidentichnost': kinoiskusstvo i televidenie v sisteme postroenija sposobov zhizni. SPb: Izd-vo Nestor-Istorija, 2010.
  • Fokina T.P., Chernjaeva T.I. Kul'turnye praktiki perepiski: fenomen, metody issledovanija, proektirovanie // Uchjonye zapiski. Professorskij vypusk: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. Saratov: IC «Nauka», Vyp.6, 2010. S. 158-170.
  • Demidova A.S. Pis'ma k Tomu. – M.: AST: Zebra E. Poligrafizdat, 2010
  • Fokina T. P. Chernjaeva T.I Mental'noe kartografirovanie kak metod issledovanija holisticheskih sistem // Uchjonye zapiski: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. Saratov: IC «Nauka», Vyp.7, 2010.
  • Guseva I.I. Recenzija na uchebnoe posobie: Fokina T.P. Saratov-Maalot: perepiska kak celostnyj fenomen. Saratov Izd-vo Povolzhskoj akademii gosudarstvennoj sluzhby. 2010 // Vestnik Povolzhskoj akademii gosudarstvennoj sluzhby. 2010, #1(22) . S. 220-224.
  • Fokina T. Perepiska: novaja optika/ Nezavisimyj Bostonskij Al'manah «Lebed'». 2010, #610 ot 03 marta 1010
  • Fokina T. & Civlin V. Perepiska: Saratov – Maalot / Nezavisimyj Bostonskij Al'manah «Lebed'». 2010, #611 ot 28 marta
  • Klishina S. Perepiska: dva – odin ne v nashu pol'zu / Nezavisimyj Bostonskij Al'manah «Lebed'». 2010, #611 ot 28 marta
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Larisa SIZINTSEVA

Kostroma State Technologycal University, Kostroma, Russia
Department of Social and Cultural Service and Tourism
Associate Professor, Ph.D

Humanitarian Excursions of the early 20th Century. From Memory to History, from History to Memory

The article deals with humanitarian excursions of the early 20th century as means of overcoming historical crisis at the turn of the century («fin de siècle»). An important issue is a study of meaning of the following words “an excursionist”, “an excursion” and a “tourist” at different times. The author of the article attempts to show tourist development and excursions conditions, which were not treated as a way to commercialize. Excursions of the early 20th century are viewed as commemorative practices used for individual and collective self-identification.

Key words: excursion, memory, commemoration, history, Russia.

References

  • Nora, P. Mesta pamjati // Francija-pamjat' / P. Nora, M. Ozuf, Zh. de Pjuimezh, M. Vinok. SPb.: Izd-vo S.-Peterb. un-ta, 1999.
  • Rozanov V.V. Russkij Nil. Rozanov V. V. Russkij Nil / Podgotovka teksta, vstupitel'naja stat'ja i kommentarij V. Sukacha [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://webreading.ru/conv/do_rtf.php?name=/books/sci_/sci_history/rozanov_v_russkiy_nil
  • Akinfiev I.Ja. Znachenie obshheobrazovatel'nyh uchenicheskih jekskursij // Estestvoznanie i geografija. 1901. #4.
  • Birzhakov M.B. Vvedenie v turizm. M.; SPb., 2000.
  • Vember P. Shkol'nye prazdniki (progulki) // Russkij nachal'nyj uchitel'. 1886. #6-7. S.331-334.
  • Belgorodskij A.V. Uchenicheskie jekskursii. Kratkij istoricheskij ocherk znachenija i organizacii. Izd.2-e. B.m., 1916. S.5-6.
  • Kolokol'ceva N.G. K istorii otechestvennoj jekskursionnoj shkoly : referativnyj obzor publikacij vtoroj poloviny XIX -nachala XX v. / NII kul'tury. M, 1992.
  • Turisty na Volge //Povolzhskij vestnik. - 1907. - #373. - 8 ijulja. - S.3.
  • Pravila zapisi // Russkij turist. Bjulleten' Rossijskogo Obshhestva turistov. 1911. Mart-aprel'. S.13.
  • Cirkuljar G. Ministra Narodnogo Prosveshhenija Popechiteljam Uchebnyh Okrugov ot 2 avgusta 1900 g. za # 20185 // Shkol'nye jekskursii, ih znachenie i organizacija: Sb. nauch.-ped. statej / pod red. B.E. Rajkova. Pg., 1921. S.319.
  • Cirkuljar popechitelja MNP #17528 ot 1904, 20 avgusta // Gosudarstvennyj arhiv Kostromskoj oblasti (dalee – GAKO). F.429. Op.1. D.317. L.336.
  • Dolzhenko G.P. Istorija turizma v dorevoljucionnoj Rossii i SSSR. –Rostov n/D., 1988, s.52.
  • Cirkuljar Popechitelja Moskovskogo Uchebnogo okruga #32540 ot 1911, 21 sentjabrja // GAKO. F. 429. Op.1. D. 334. L.109.
  • Cirkuljar Popechitelja Moskovskogo Uchebnogo okruga # 17765 ot 1912, 5 ijunja; cirkuljar #121 ot 11 fevralja 1911 g. Ministra Narodnogo prosveshhenija. Dopolneno cirkuljarom #558 ot 8 avgusta togo zhe goda // GAKO. F. 429. Op.1. D. 334. L. 163.
  • GAKO.- F. 429.- Op.1. -D. 334. -L.64.
  • Cirkuljar Popechitelja Moskovskogo Uchebnogo okruga #23285 ot 1913,7 ijunja // GAKO. F. 429. Op.1. D. 334. L.161.
  • Jekskursija uchenikov VI klassa Kostromskogo Gorodskogo uchilishha v g. Moskve i Troice-Sergievoj Lavre// Povolzhskij vestnik. - 1907. - #326. - 6 maja. - S.3.
  • GAKO. F.1099. Op.1. D.17. L.173-173 ob.
  • GAKO. F.1099. Op.1. D.18. L.127.
  • GAKO. F. 429. B/sh. D. 41. L.94 ob.; Op.1. D. 371. L.1 – 1 ob., 6-7 ob., 17-19 i dr.
  • Zhdanov V. Otchet ob jekskursii v Nizhnij-Novgorod //Pedagogicheskij ezhegodnik Kostromskoj obshhestvennoj muzhskoj gimnazii za 1912-13 uchebnyj god. – Kostroma, 1913.- S.152-154.
  • Studitskij, K. Peshkom k Ipatiju : jekskursija v luga Jaroslavskogo detskogo prijuta // Russkij jekskursant. 1915. # 5. S. 295-297.
  • Ardamatskij I. Poezdka v Moskvu Duhovshhinskogo gorodskogo po Polozheniju 1872 g. Uchilishha // Estestvoznanie i geografija : Nauchno-populjarnyj i pedagogicheskij zhurnal. M.1902. #6, avgust.
  • B.E. Rajkov. Jekskursionnyj plan srednej shkoly // Shkol'nye jekskursii, ih znachenie i organizacija: Sb. nauch.-ped. statej / pod red. B.E. Rajkova. Pg., 1921.
  • Ezhegodnik S.-Peterburgskogo vos'miklassnogo kommercheskogo uchilishha v Lesnom. 1908 god. – SPb., 1908.
  • Obrazovatel'nye poezdki v srednej shkole / Tenishevskoe uchilishhe. Izd. 2-e, pererab. SPb. : tip. «Obshhestvennaja pol'za», 1912.
  • Grevs I.M. K teorii i praktike «jekskursij» kak nauchnogo izuchenija istorii v universitete. SPb., 1910.
  • M. Hal'bvaks . Social'nye ramki pamjati. M., 2007
  • Hatton P.H. Istorija kak iskusstvo pamjati. SPb., 2004.
  • Anciferov N.P. Iz dum o bylom : Vospominanija. M., 1992. S.291.
  • Grevs I.M. Predislovie // Anciferov N.P. Dusha Peterburga. Pd., 1922.
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Irina CHIRSKOVA

Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia
Deprtment of history and Theory of Culture, Senior Lecturer, Ph.D.

The Body of Power: Censorship as a Cultural Concept

The establishment, institutional formalization and dynamics of the Russian censorship are considered in this article. The censorship is presented as a component of the "body of power" and the "body of culture". By analyzing the changes of the censorship laws, censorship practices, features of the dialogue between the authorities and the public on issues of the right of free speech in Russian Empire, the USSR, the Russian Federation, the author considers the relevance of the problem to today's information society.

Key words: The "body of power", institutional formalization of the censorship, anatomy of the power, the control, the information taboo, the legal regulation, media space, on-line mass-media.

References

  • Rozenberg V., Jakushkin V. Russkaja pechat' i cenzura v proshlom i nastojashhem. Stat'i. M., 1905.
  • Skabichevskij A.M. Ocherki istorii russkoj cenzury (1700 - 1863). SPb., 1892.
  • Rozhdestvenskij S.V. Istoricheskij obzor dejatel'nosti Ministerstva narodnogo prosveshhenija. 1802-1902. SPb., 1902. S.160.
  • Nikitenko A.V. Zapiski i dnevnik. T.1.M., 1956. S.227.
  • Valuev P.A. Dnevnik. M.,1961. T.2. S.29.
  • Chernuha V.G. Pravitel'stvennaja politika v otnoshenii pechati: 60-70-e gody XIX veka. L., 1989. S.71.
  • PSZ II. T. 44. Otd. 2. # 47451; T. 45. Otd.1. # 47966; # 48016.
  • Arsen'ev K.K. Zakonodatel'stvo o pechati. SPb., 1903. S. 73.
  • Novombergskij N.Ja. Osvobozhdenie pechati vo Francii, Germanii, Anglii i Rossii. SPb., 1906. S.235.
  • Zasedanie Soveta ministrov 8 marta 1881 g. Iz dnevnika E.A. Peretca. // Krasnyj arhiv. 1925. T. 1 (8). S. 141-142.
  • PSZ III. T. 1. # 350. Sm. tam zhe: # 382, 383.
  • Ulozhenie o nakazanijah ugolovnyh i ispravitel'nyh 1885 g. SPb., 1909. Razdel VIII. Izd. V. Otd. II.
  • Feoktistov E.M. Za kulisami politiki i literatury. // Za kulisami politiki. 1848 - 1914. M., 2001. S. 11-254.
  • Zajonchkovskij P.A. Rossijskoe samoderzhavie v konce XIX stoletija. M., 1970. S. 281.
  • Baluev B.P. Politicheskaja reakcija 80-h godov XIX veka i russkaja zhurnalistika. S. 80.
  • Istochnikovedenie: Teorija. Istorija. Metod. Istochniki rossijskoj istorii: ucheb. posobie / I.N. Danilevskij, V.V. Kabanov, O.M. Medushevskaja, M.F. Rumjanceva. M.: Rossijsk. gos. gumanit. un-t, 1998. – S. 525.
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Natalia TISHCHENKO

Yuri Gagarin State Technical University, Saratov, Russia
Department of Russian History and Culture, Professor, Doctor of Sciences

New Prison Subcultures: Power, Low and Force in Modern Russian Cinema

Cultural codes by which prison subculture is represented in modern cinema are analyzed in the article. The purpose of the study is to determine the reasons for the formation of a unique cultural code of the prison subculture, its values and standards are used in modern cinema. The article also shows cultural patterns of the interaction between marginal prison subculture and official culture.

Key words: prison subculture, the film text, cultural codes, individual, the power, norms and values.

References

  • Smirnov A. Pravozashhitnoe dvizhenie strashno razmyto // «Nevolja»: Al'manah. 2006. #10. http://www.index.msk.ru
  • Olejnik A.N. Tjuremnaja subkul'tura v Rossii: ot povsednevnoj zhizni do gosudarstvennoj vlasti. M., 2001. – 418 s.
  • Al'pern L. Son i jav' zhenskoj tjur'my. SPb., 2004. – 478 s.
  • Tishhenko N.V. Gendernye aspekty tjuremnoj subkul'tury v sovremennoj Rossii. Saratov, 2007.
  • Grazhdanin nachal'nik 09.08.2006. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.etver.ru
  • Berger P., Lukman T. Social'noe konstruirovanie real'nosti. M., 1995. – 322s.
  • Burd'e P. Prakticheskij smysl. SPb., 2001. – 562 s.
  • Mihajlin V.Ju. Russkij mat kak muzhskoj obscennyj kod: problema proishozhdenija i jevoljucii statusa // Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie. 2000. #43. S. 347-393.
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Marek KREJCI

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
Institute of Art History, Researcher, Ph.D.

«History of Art as History of the Spirit » by Max Dvořák. Cultural Issues.

This paper focuses on ideas of the «Vienna-School» of art history among them the «history of art as history of the spirit» articulated by one of the leading historians of art Max Dvořák, Czech by native.

Key words: history of art, Max Dvořák, Vienna-School, history of the spirit.

References

  • Die Wiener Schule der Kunstgeschichte und die Kunst unser Zeit. - Wien, 2005.
  • Istorija evropejskogo iskusstvoznanija. Vtopaja polovina XIX - nachalo XX veka. Kn. 1. - Mockva, 1969
  • Shestakov V.P., Venskaja shkola istorii iskusstv: genezis i sovremennost'. - M.: Iskusstvoznanie, 2001
  • Shestakov V.P., Tragedija izgnanija. Sud'ba Venskoj shkoly istorii iskusstva. - Mockva, 2005
  • Kyl'typologija. XX vek. Jenciklopedija v dvyx tomax. - Sankt Petepbypg, 1998
  • Karl M. Swoboda–Johannes Wilde (ed.), Kunstgeschichte als Geistesgeschichte. Studien zur abendlandischen Kunstentwicklung von Max Dvorak. - Munchen, 1924
  • Shorske K. Je., Vena na rubezhe vekov. - Moskva, 1996
  • Jozef Strzygowski, Die Krisis der Geisteswissenschaften. - Wien, 1923
  • Dil'tej V., Vozzrenie na mir i issledovanie cheloveka so vremen Vozrozhdenija i Reformacii. - Mockva, 2000
  • Max Dvorak, Variationen uber ein Thema. Oskar Kokoschka. Wien – Prag, 1921
  • Kunstgeschichtliche Anzeigen IV, 1909
  • Max Dvorak, Ein offener Brief an die italieschen Fachgenossen. Die Entfuhrung von Wiener Kunstwerken nach Italien, Wien 1919, s.3-9
  • Max Dvorak, Uber die dringendsten methodischen Erfordernisse der Erziehung zur kunstgeschichtlichen Forschung. Die Geisteswissenschaften, I, 1914, s.932-936, 958-961
  • Max Dvorak, Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand. Mitteilungen der k.k. Zentralkommission, III.Folge, XIV, 1915, s.17
  • Max Dvorak, Geschichte der italienischen Kunst im Zeitalter der Renaissance I-II, Wien 1927-1928 – Max Dvorak, Gesammelte Aufsatze zur Kunstgeschichte, Wien 1929
  • Julius von Schlosser, Die Wiener Schule der Kunstgeschichte. Ruckblick auf ein Sakulum deutscher Gelehrtenarbeit in Osterreich. Nebst einem Verzeichnis der Mitglieder, bearbeitet von H. Hahnloser, in: Mitteilungen des Osterreichische Instituts fur Geschichtsforschung, Erg.-Bd. 13, H. 2, Innsbruck 1934, s. 141-228.
  • Dvorzhak M., Ocherki po iskusstvu srednevekov'ja, Leningpad 1934
  • Dvorzhak M., Istorija ital'janskogo iskusstva v jepohu Vozrozhdenija. T. 1-2. Mockva 1978
  • Dvorzhak M., Istorija iskusstv kak istorija duha, SPb 2001.
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Cultural Dynamics

Olga KOSTINA

Saratov State Juridical Academy, Saratov, Russia
Department of Philosophy, Professor, Ph.D.
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Spiritual Grounds of Creativity in S.L. Frank’s Philosophy

The research in spiritual grounds of culture is connected with creative work. Philosophical tradition of Russia, namely S.L. Frank, considered it ontologically as organic, targeted and dynamic mode of being, interaction with all forms of life.

Key words: Creative Work, Spiritual Measurement of Being, Arts, Tradition.

References

  • Frank S. Mysli v strashnye dni//Frank S. Neprochitannoe/Stat'i, pis'ma. vospominanija. M., 2001.
  • Frank S.L. Real'nost' i chelovek. M., 2007.
  • Frank S.L. Pis'ma. Filosofskij dnevnik//Frank S. Neprochitannoe…/Stat'i, pis'ma, vospominanija. M., 2001.
  • Bychkov V.V. Russkaja teurgicheskaja jestetika. M., 2007.
  • Frank S.L. Jetjudy o Pushkine. M., 1999.
  • Frank S.L. Nepostizhimoe. //Frank S.L. Soch. M., 1990.
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Timofey KOVALENKO

Southern Branch of the Russian Research Institute for Cultural and Natural Heritage, Krasnodar, Russia
Deputy Director, Ph.D

Empirical Research of the Evolution of the Artistic Life and Measurement Possibilities: Analysis of Some Concepts

The article analyzes the basic concepts of the evolution of the artistic life, related to a strictly formalized quantitative methods and mathematical models. The studies of evolutionary dynamics of the artistic life, made under the Colin Martindale’s School (the concept of “arousal potential”) are considered. The diverse empirical studies of the artistic life based on the basic provisions of the system-information paradigm (Abraham Mole, Sergey Yu. Maslov, German A. Golitsyn Vladimir M. Petrov) are systematized. The author notes the general heuristic potential use of quantitative models and quantitative methods in the study of the evolution of the artistic style of life and the various forms of art, explains the mechanism of periodic variation of the artistic life and is a condition of its evolution, emphasizes the presence of 50-year cycles of vibration in the socio-psychological sphere and art.

Key words:evolution, artistic life, dynamics, quantitative methods, empirical psychology of art, Kolin Martindale’s Scientific School, information-theoretic approach, the school Vladimir M. Petrov’s Scientific School, periodic oscillations, social progress.

References

  • Brilljujen, L. Nauka i teorija informacii [Tekst] / L. Brilljujen. – M.: Fizmatiz, 1960. – 392 s.
  • Golicyn, G. A. Informacija i tvorchestvo: na puti k integral'noj kul'ture [Tekst] / G. A. Golicyn. – M.: Russkij mir, 1997. – 304 s.
  • Golicyn, G. A. Informacija. Povedenie. Jazyk. Tvorchestvo [Tekst] / G. A. Golicyn, V. M. Petrov. – M.: Izd-vo LKI, 2007. – 224 s.
  • Gumilev, L. N. Jetnogenez i biosfera Zemli [Tekst] / L. N. Gumilev. – L.: Gidrometeoizdat, 1990. – 528 s.
  • Ivanov, V. V. Chet i nechet: asimmetrija mozga i znakomyh sistem [Tekst] / V. V. Ivanov. – M.: Sovetskoe radio, 1978. – 184 s.
  • Kondrat'ev, N. D. Problemy jekonomicheskoj dinamiki [Tekst] / N. D. Kondrat'ev. – M.: Jekonomika, 1989. – 525 s.
  • Kopcik, V. A. Jetjudy po teorii iskusstva: Dialog estestvennyh i gumanitarnyh nauk [Tekst] / V. A. Kopcik, V. P. Ryzhov, V. M. Petrov. – M.: OGI, 2004. – 368 s.
  • Koshkin, V. M. Byt' pojetom: Opyt statisticheskoj literaturometrii [Tekst] / V. M. Koshkin, L. G. Frizman // Chelovek. – 1991. – #3. – S.79–82.
  • Lotman, Ju. M. «Zolotoe sechenie» i problemy vnutrimozgovogo dialoga [Tekst] / Ju. M. Lotman, N. N. Nikolaenko // Dekorativnoe iskusstvo SSSR. – 1983. – #9. – S. 31– 34.
  • Maslov, S. Ju. Asimmetrija poznavatel'nyh mehanizmov i ee sledstvija [Tekst] / S. Ju. Maslov // Semiotika i informatika. Vyp. 20: sb. nauch. st. – M.: VINITI AN SSSR, 1983. – S. 3–34.
  • Mol', A. Teorija informacii i jesteticheskoe vosprijatie [Tekst] / A. Mol'; per. s franc. B. A. Vlasova i dr. – M.: Mir, 1966. – 351 s.
  • Mol', A. Sociodinamika kul'tury [Tekst] / A. Mol'; per s franc.; vst. st., red. i prim. B. V. Birjukova, R. H. Zaripova, S. N. Plotnikova. – M.: KomKniga, 2005. – 416 s.
  • Nalimov, V. V. Verojatnostnaja model' jazyka. O sootnoshenii estestvennyh i iskusstvennyh jazykov [Tekst] / V. V. Nalimov. – M.: Nauka, 1974. – 272 s.
  • Petrov, V. M. Znakovyj status, informativnost' i forma [Tekst] / V. M. Petrov // Dizajn znakovyh sistem (psihologo-semioticheskie problemy). – M.: VNIITJe GKNT SSSR, 1984. – S. 78–94. (Trudy VNIITJe. Jergonomika. Vyp. 27).
  • Petrov, V. M. Informacionnoe mirovozzrenie i paradigma XXI veka [Tekst] / V. M. Petrov // Informacionnoe mirovozzrenie i jestetika: tr. mezhdunar. nauch. simp. / pod red. V. M. Petrova, V. P. Ryzhova. – Taganrog: Taganrogskij gos. radiotehnich. un-t, 1998. – S. 17–41.
  • Petrov, V. M. Perspektivy razvitija iskusstva: metody prognozirovanija [Tekst] / V. M. Petrov, L. G. Bojadzhieva. – M.: Russkij mir, 1996. – 160 s.
  • Petrov, V. M. Nauchnoe mirovozzrenie XXI veka [Tekst] / V. M. Petrov // Vestnik Rossijskogo fonda fundamental'nyh issledovanij. – 1999. – # 2 (16). – S. 62– 70.
  • Petrov, V. M. Kolichestvennye metody v iskusstvoznanii [Tekst]: ucheb. posob. dlja vysshej shkoly / V. M. Petrov. – M.: Akademicheskij Proekt: Fond «Mir», 2004. – 432 s.
  • Petrov, V. M. Kolichestvennye metody v sociologii iskusstva [Tekst] / V. M. Petrov // Teorija hudozhestvennoj kul'tury. Vyp. 10 / otv. red. N. A. Hrenov. – M.: Gos. in-t iskusstvoznanija, 2006. – S. 89–121.
  • Petrov, V. M. Informacionnaja paradigma v naukah o cheloveke [Tekst] / V. M. Petrov // Psihologija. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. – 2007. – T. 4. – #1. – S. 95– 110.
  • Petrov, V. M. Obshhaja koncepcija sredy: deduktivnoe konstruirovanie v ramkah sistemno informacionnogo podhoda [Tekst] / V. M. Petrov // Mir psihologii. – 2013. – # 4. – S. 12–28.
  • Semiotika i iskusstvometrija. Sovremennye zapadnye issledovanija [Tekst]: sb. perevodov / sost. i red. Ju. M. Lotmana, V. M. Petrova. – M.: Mir, 1972. – 364 s.
  • Snou, Ch. Dve kul'tury [Tekst] / Ch. Snou; per s angl. Ju. S. Rodman. – M.: Progress, 1973. – 144 s.
  • Sorokin, P. A. Social'naja i kul'turnaja dinamika [Tekst] / P. A. Sorokin; per. s angl., vst. st. i kommentarii V. V. Sapova. – M.: Astrel', 2006. – 1176 s.
  • Jaglom, I. M. Pochemu vysshuju matematiku otkryli odnovremenno N'juton i Lejbnic? Razmyshlenija o matematicheskom myshlenii i putjah poznanija mira [Tekst] / I. M. Jaglom //
  • Chislo i mysl'. Vyp. 6.: sb. nauch. st. – M.: Znanie, 1983. – S. 99 – 125.
  • Bense, M. Einfuering in die informationstheoretischeAesthetik. Grundlegung und die Anwendung in der Texttheorie. – Hamburg: RohwoltsDeutscheEnzyklopaedie, 1969.
  • Berlyne D. E. Aesthetics and Psychobiology. – N.Y.: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1971. – XIV + 336 p.
  • Koshkin, V. M. Etudes on a science of humanities // Emotion, creativity, and art.Vol. 1 / Eds.L. Dorfman, C. Martindale, D. Leontiev, G. Cupchik, V. Petrov, & P.
  • Machotka. – Perm: Perm State Institute of Arts and Culture, 1997. P. 159–178.
  • Informacija, vremja, tvorchestvo: tez. dokl. mezhdunar. konf. «Novye metody v issledovanijah hudozhestvennogo tvorchestva» i mezhdunar. simp. «Informacionnyj podhod k issledovaniju kul'tury i iskusstva» / red. V. M. Petrov, A. V. Haruto. – M.: Gos. in-t iskusstvoznanija, Mosk. gos. konservatorija, 2007. – S. 167–169.
  • Mallmann, C. A., &Lemarchand, G. A. Generational explanation of long-term ‘billow-like’ dynamics of societal processes // Technological Forecasting and Social Change. – 1998. – Vol. 58. – P. 1–30.
  • Martindale, C. Innovation, arousal, and the rise and fall of civilization // Lichnost', kreativnost', iskusstvo: koll. monografija / nauch. red. E. Maljanov, N. Zaharov, E. Berezina, L. Dorfman, V. Petrov, K. Martindejl. – Perm': Permskij gos. institut iskusstva i kul'tury; Prikamskij social'nyj institut, 2002. – S. 23– 31.
  • Martindale, C. The Clockwork Muse: The Predictability of Artistic Change. – N. Y.: Basic Books, 1990. – 411 p.
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Tatiana KUDRYASHOVA

Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology, Ivanovo, Russia
Professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Doctor of Sciences in Philosophy

The Inner Form of Language and Cultural Dynamics

The article is devoted to the question of a culture development in its unity and diversity. It is believed that each culture is characterized by its language: national – national, scientific – research, art – art ones, etc. It is alleged that empirical diversity of culture languages is caused by variety of external forms, often random. However, the coexistence and the dynamics direction of external forms are due to both the inner form of each culture language and inner form of culture in general. Inner form is a virtual base of culture, purpose and way of being.

Key words: inner form of culture languages, the external form, virtuality, unity of culture languages, creativity, development

References

  • Mandel'shtam O. Razgovor o Dante // Mandel'shtam O. Izbrannoe. M., 1991.
  • Golosovker Ja. Je. Imaginativnyj absoljut // Golosovker Ja.Je. Logika mifa. M., 1987.
  • Bergson A. Tvorcheskaja jevoljucija // Bergson A. Tvorcheskaja jevoljucija. Materija i pamjat'. Mn., 1999.
  • Gegel' G.-V.-F. Jenciklopedija filosofskih nauk. T.1. M., 1974.
  • Shelling F. V. J. K istorii novoj filosofii (Mjunhenskie lekcii) // Shelling F. V. J. Soch. V 2 t. Per. s nem. T.2. – M.: Mysl', 1989.
  • Rozenshtok-Hjussi O. Izbrannoe. Jazyk roda chelovecheskogo. - M.; SPb., 2000.
  • Primechanija A.F. Loseva k dialogam «Alkiviad I», «Harmid»// Platon. Sochinenija. V 4 t. T. 1.
  • Nansi Zh.-L. V otvete za sushhestvovanie// Intencional'nost' i tekstual'nost'. Filosofskaja mysl' Francii XX veka. – Tomsk: izd-vo «Vodolej», 1998.
  • Bibihin V. V. Mir. – Tomsk: «Vodolej», 1995.
  • Bodrijjar Zh. Simvolicheskij obmen i smert'. M., 2000.
  • Bavil'skij Dm. Kritika: poslednij prizyv // Znamja.1999. # 12.
  • Losev A. F. Kritika platonizma u Aristotelja // Losev A. F. Mif. Chislo. Sushhnost'. M., 1994.
  • Losev A.F. Ocherki antichnogo simvolizma i mifologii. M., 1993.
  • Ljubishhev A. A. Linii Demokrita i Platona v istorii kul'tury. SPb., 2001; Platon i ego jepoha. - M.: «Nauka», 1979
  • Snou Ch. Dve kul'tury. L., 1973;
  • Kudrjashova T.B. Dve kul'tury (o sootnoshenii nauchnogo i hudozhestvennogo poznanija) // Nauchnye shkoly i napravlenija IGASA. Ivanovo, 1999.
  • Sluckij B. Stihotvorenija. Izbrannoe. M., 1970.
  • Abramov A.I. Ocenka filosofii Platona v russkoj idealisticheskoj filosofii // Platon i ego jepoha. M., 1979.
  • Borhes H.L. iz kn. «Zemlja moej nadezhdy» // Inostrannaja literatura. 1999. #9.
  • Gumbol'dt V. fon. Izbrannye trudy po jazykoznaniju: Per. s nem. - M.: OAO IG «Progress», 2000
  • Bulgakov S. N. Filosofija imeni. SPb., 1998.
  • Kassirer Je. Filosofija simvolicheskih form. T. 3. M.; SPb., 2002.
  • Veselovskij A. N. Istoricheskaja pojetika. L., 1940.
  • Gricanov A. A. Soderzhanie i forma // Novejshij filosofskij slovar'. Mn., 1999.
  • Derrida Zh. O grammatologii. M., 2000.
  • Gusserl' Je. Kartezianskie razmyshlenija // Gusserl' Je. Logicheskie issledovanija. Kartezianskie razmyshlenija… – Mn.: Harvest, M.: AST, 2000.
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Marina RYABOVA

Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russia
Professor, Head of Department of Translation and Linguistics, Doctor of Sciences in Philology

The Mode of Play Communication and Creativity

The article deals with the problem of correlation between communication modes and the category of creativity. It assumes that creativity as an anthropological category is based on the mode of play communication. The author describes concept of play which is understood as interpretation, epistemic modality of communication, expressed in a process of communication. The mode of play can be expressed by means of various mechanisms like parody, irony, cosmism, laugh, satire, humor, etc., based on the idea of recoding, reevaluating, rethinking, creativity, novelty, i.e. on the idea of cultural creativity. The article analyzes various definitions of the concept of play, investigates its communicative mechanisms, its nature and interpretations in various cultural paradigms. The author describes linguistic characteristics of play and playing genres of literature, including such literary forms of discourse as: travesty, burlesque, parody, satire, comedy, tragical comedy, anecdotes, nonsense poetry, limerick, etc.

Key words: communication, playing mode, play, creativity, discourse, the comic, parody, irony.

References

  • Kibrik A.A. Modus, zhanr i drugie parametry klassifikacii diskursov // Voprosy jazykoznanija. 2009, # 2. S.3 – 21.
  • Balli Sh. Obshhaja lingvistika i voprosy francuzskogo jazyka. M.: Izd-vo inostr. lit-ry, 1955. 416 s.
  • Birjulin L.A., Kordi E.E. Osnovnye tipy modal'nyh znachenij, vydeljaemyh v lingvisticheskoj literature // Teorija funkcional'noj grammatiki. Temporal'nost'. Modal'nost'. L.: Nauka, 1990. S.67-72.
  • Arutjunova N.D. Tipy jazykovyh znachenij: Ocenka: Sobytie: Fakt. M.: Nauka, 1988. 339 s.
  • Arutjunova N.D. Jazyk i mir cheloveka. M.: Jazyki russkoj kul'tury, 1999. 896 s.
  • Semenova T.I. Lingvisticheskij fenomen kazhimosti. Irkutsk: IGLU, 2007. 237 s.
  • Kovaleva L.M. Anglijskaja grammatika: predlozhenie i slovo. Chast' II. Organizacija modal'no-predikativnogo konstituenta predlozhenija. Irkutsk: IGLU, 2008. 277 s.
  • Sljusareva, N.V. Problemy funkcional'noj morfologii sovremennogo anglijskogo jazyka. M.: Nauka, 1986. 215 s.
  • Derrida J. La dissemination. Paris: Seuil, 1972. 393 p.
  • Novejshij filosofskij slovar'. Postmodernizm. /Gl. nauch. red. A.A. Gricanov. Minsk: Sovremennyj literator, 2007. 816 s.
  • Apinjan T. A. Igra v prostranstve ser'eznogo. Igra, mif, ritual, son, iskusstvo i drugie. SPb.: Izd-vo SPbGU, 2003. 400 s.
  • Bol'shaja Sovetskaja Jenciklopedija /Rezhim dostupa: http://bse.sci-lib.com/article050631.html, 14.09.2009 g.
  • Karaulov Ju.N. Lingvisticheskoe konstruirovanie i tezaurus literaturnogo jazyka. M.: Nauka, 1981. 366 s.
  • Karpuhina T.P. Lingvojesteticheskaja igra morfemnogo povtora: teoreticheskaja model' analiza fenomena chastichnoj iteracii v hudozhestvennom tekste (na materiale anglojazychnoj hudozhestvennoj prozy): Avtoref. diss. … kand. filol. nauk. Irkutsk, 2007. 41s.
  • Isupov K. Ob igre — vser'ez. // Neva, 2004, #12. S. 2 - 6.
  • Filosofskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. M.: Sovetskaja jenciklopedija, 1983. 477 s.
  • Propp V.Ja. Problemy komizma i smeha. M.: Labirint, 2002. 192 s.
  • Borev Ju.O. Jestetika. M.: Vysshaja shkola, 2002. 512 s.
  • Kratkaja literaturnaja jenciklopedija. M.: Sovetskaja jenciklopedija. T.6, 1971. 1040 s.
  • Lushnikova G.I.Kognitivnye i lingvostilisticheskie osobennosti anglojazychnoj literaturnoj parodii. Kemerovo: Kuzbassvuzizdat, 2008. 215 s.
  • Kvjatkovskij A.P. Pojeticheskij slovar'. M.: Sovetskaja jenciklopedija., 1966. 376 s.
  • Lokshina S.M. Kratkij slovar' inostrannyh slov. M.: Russkij jazyk, 1988. 632 s.
  • Verbickaja M.V. Teorija vtorichnyh tekstov. M.: MGU, 2000. 219 s.
  • Rozheva E.I. Limerik: neperevodimaja igra slov ili neperevodimaja igra formy // Logicheskij analiz jazyka. Konceptual'nye polja igry. M.: Indrik, 2006. S. 327- 335.
  • Naumov S.A. Igra kak sposob predstavlenija real'nosti publichnyh kommunikacij // Voprosy filosofii. M.: 2008. # 6. S. 29-42.
  • Hejzinga J. Homo Ludens; Stat'i po istorii kul'tury. M.: Progress – Tradicija, 1997. 416 s.
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Yuliya IGOSHINA

Vyatka State University of Humanities, Kirov, Russia
Asssociate Professor, Ph.D.

Laughter as a Form of Communication Process

The article regards role and place of laughter in communication process. The elements of TV culture (humorous programs and their content) are taken as an empirical material. The author makes a conclusion that laughter can take any place among the elements of a communication process in various ways. Moreover, laughter and laughable things can be a special form of а communication process by themselves.

Key words: Laughter, communication, communication process, laughter culture, subject and object of laughter.

References

  • Agranat M. A. Smeshnoj konspekt za 10 let // Kafedra KVN [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://kafedra.com.ua/modules-/articles/article.php?id=232.
  • Aristotel'. Pojetika. Ritorika / Aristotel' [Tekst]. SPb., 2000.
  • Bergson, A. Smeh / A. Bergson [Tekst] / Per. s fr. Gol'denberga. M.: Panorama, 2000.
  • Belashova, L. A., Popova, E. P. Smeh v jazyke / L. A. Belashova, E. P. Popova [Tekst] // Materialy mezhdunarodnoj zaochnoj konferencii «Aktual'nye problemy nauki i obrazovanija». Serija «Gumanitarnye nauki». Vypusk 1. Stavropol': SevKavGTU, 2009.
  • Bondarenko, A. V. Jazykovaja ontologija smehovoj kul'tury: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra filol. nauk / A. V. Bondarenko [Tekst]. M., 2009.
  • Buklans, D. G. KVN kak fenomen sovremennoj massovoj kul'tury: kommunikativnye aspekty: dis. ... kand. kul'turologii / D. G. Buklans [Tekst]. Kirov, 2010.
  • Vojnarovskij, M. Algoritm jumora / M. Vojnarovskij // Psihologika [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.psi-logic.narod.ru/steb/steb9.htm.
  • Dmitriev, A. V. Sociologija jumora / A. V. Dmitriev [Tekst] M., 1996.
  • Ivanenko, E. A. Smeh kak tekst. Chto takoe smeh i mozhno li ego prochest' (o rabote Zh.-L. Nansi «Smeh. Prisutstvie») / E. A. Ivanenko [Tekst] // Mixtura verborum`2001: nepredstavlennoe i metajazyk: Sb. st. / Samara, 2002.
  • Kolesov, V. V. Smeh i gore. Russkaja mental'nost' v jazyke i v tekste / V. V. Kolesov // Jenciklopedija statej [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.majesticarticles.ru/naykaiobrazovanie/obrazovanie/pred/lit/so-/11468718.html?page=2.
  • Koshelev, A. D. O prirode komicheskogo i funkcii smeha / A. D. Koshelev [Tekst] // Jazyk v dvizhenii. K 70-letiju L. P. Krysina. M., 2007. S. 278
  • Kozincev, A. G. Ob istokah antipovedenija, smeha i jumora / A. G. Kozincev [Tekst] // Smeh: istoki i funkcii / Pod red. A. G. Kozinceva. SPb., 2002.
  • Kuprijanova, N. S. Smeh v russkom jazykovom soznanii (na materiale associativnogo jeksperimenta) / N. S. Kuprijanova // Ul'janovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: www.ulsu.ru/conference-/2006/imo/documents/39.doc.
  • Ogurchikov, P. K. Jekrannaja kul'tura kak novaja mifologija (na primere kino): avtoref. dis. ... d-ra kul'turologii / P. K. Ogurchikov [Tekst]. M., 2008.
  • Osnovy teorii kommunikacii / Sost. Zh. V. Nikolaeva. Ulan-Udje: VSGTU, 2004.
  • Pochepcov G. G. Informacionnye vojny. Osnovy voenno-kommunikativnyh issledovanij / G.G. Pochepcov [Tekst]. Kiev, 1998.
  • Redkozubova, O. S. Znachenie smeha v kul'ture / O. S. Redkozubova // Kul'turologija. Stat'i: Forum Aleksandra Vakurova [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://vakurov.ru/forums/index.php?showtopic=2578.
  • Rjumina, M. T. Jestetika smeha: Smeh kak virtual'naja real'nost' / M. T. Rjumina [Tekst]. M.: KomKniga, 2006.
  • Steblin-Kamenskij, M. I. Apologija smeha / M. I. Steblin-Kamenskij [Tekst] // Izvestija AN SSSR. Serija literatury i jazyka. T. 37. #. 2. M., 1978.
  • Sychev, A. A. Smeh kak sociokul'turnyj fenomen: dis. ... d-ra filos. nauk / A. A. Sychev [Tekst]. Saransk, 2004.
  • Frejd, Z. Ostroumie i otnoshenie k bessoznatel'nomu / Z. Frejd [Tekst]. M., 1925.
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Elena SAVELIEVA

National Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia
Associate Professor, Ph.D.

Traditional and Innovative Aspects of the Communicative Potential of Cinema

The author of this article conciders the problem of communication. Its radically innovative aspect is considered in the context of the nature of film language. Communicative potential of film is shown. The impotent factor of communicative mission of cinema is associated with his involvement in mass culture. Change of representative techniques is a signal of formation of a new cultural landscape. Therefore, the historical space of cinema is a series of searches of ways of "mastering reality".

Key words: film theory, the language of cinema, communicative potential, artistic image, dramaturgical scheme, representation, popular culture.

References

  • Krakaujer Z. Reabilitacija fizicheskoj real'nosti. – M.: Iskusstvo. 1974. – 424 s.
  • Izvolov N. Fenomen kino. Istorija i teorija. – M.: Materik. 2005. – 164 s.
  • Kazin A. L. Problemy kinematograficheskogo sinteza. / Kino i sovremennaja kul'tura: Sb. nauchn. trudov. – L., 1988. – S. 19-36.
  • Jampol'skij M. Jazyk – telo – sluchaj: Kinematograf i poiski smysla. – M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2004. – 376 s.
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  • Obuchenie zakoncheno: zabud'te. /Iskusstvo kino. – 2004, #3. – S. 5-23.
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Concepts of Culture

Anna GUSEVA

Russian State Hydrometeorological University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Department of Social and Humanitarian Sciences, Associate Professor, Ph.D.

Double-World: Axiology and Typology of the Toys

The world of toys as system expressing diverse valuable meanings is undertaken. Traditional typologies and classifications of toys are offered, the typologies leaning on the philosophical and esthetic bases are presented. «Kenotypic» (M. N. Epstein's term) toys, representing innovative crystallization of experience in a material form, «a prototype possible» are shown. Distinction between archetypic toys and kenotypic toys reflects interaction of traditions and innovations in culture. Specificity of a mimesis in the world of a toy is comprehended. The toy is understood as the universal model expressing the real culture values, but not declared ones. We assume that syncretism of a toy allows to keep some special forms of perception.

Key words: Toys, game, dolls, pleasure, archetypes and kenotypes, corporality, syncretism, ecological culture, esthetic requirement.

References

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Svetlana SIDOROVA

Moscow Lomonosov State University, Moscow, Russia
Department of Journalism, Associate Professor of the Editorial and Publishing Chair, Ph.D.

The Culinary Metaphor as a Cultural Model of the World in the Literature of the 20th Century

Gastronomic images from the particular literary works written by iconic authors of 20th century (such as Marcel Proust, Thomas Mann, Erich Maria Remarque, Michael Cunningham as well as Ivan Shmelyov and Anton Chekhov) are considered in this article. The role of culinary metaphor in creation of cultural picture of the world is also touched upon here. The category of taste is interpreted as boundary in the contact of imaginary and real, sublime and inferior, spirit and mundane dimensions of artistic consciousness. The compound of food code (at the level of taste, smell, form, color, consistency, structure) makes it possible to understand the art space as an intertext, as a model of the world, which dominant cultural image performs sensemaking metaphor.

Key words: Metaphor, Text, Code, Taste, Image, Literary, Culinary.

References

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