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# 1(1) 2010: Politics of Cultural Identity
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Topic of the Issue

Ekaterina SUROVA

Russia, St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg State University. Faculty of Philosophy.
Department of cultural studies. PhD, senior lecturer.

The Principle of Identification in Culture

In the last century the principle of identification, a problem area in modern culture, and the urge to characterize historical and cultural models of identity, have gained special prominence in cultural discourse. This article studies the construction and specific function of the identity principle. It examines the increasing intensity of the dynamics of changing figurative representations, which became more apparent in Europe in the beginning of the HH century as the crisis of identity arose. On a massive scale, the dynamics of changing identity threatens individual integrity and results in individuals aspiring to identify themselves with narrow and exclusive groups, changing the I-identity position to We-identity. The high intensity of change in the available identity images is precisely described, for example, in N. Elias' works. This article investigates the processes which have led to changes in the cultural basis of identity, the theoretical field of notions and concepts, and the systems of the images accompanying the identification process.

Key words: Identity, identification, figurative representations, the self, integrity, identity typology

References

  1. Bek U. Chto takoe globalizacija? — M.: Progress-tradicija, 2001. S. 159.
  2. Waldenfels Bernhard Der Stachel des Fremden, 1990. S. 29-32.
  3. Berger P., Lukman T. Social'noe konstruirovanie real'nosti.-M.: Medium, 1995. S. 294.
  4. Mun'e Je. Obvinenie mashiny./Manifest personalizma.M.: Respublika, 1999. S. 440.
  5. Rejngol'd G. Umnaja tolpa: novaja social'naja revoljucija. — M.: FAIR-PRESS, 2006. S. 151.
  6. Rejngol'd G. Umnaja tolpa: novaja social'naja revoljucija. S. 271.
  7. Rejngol'd G. Umnaja tolpa: novaja social'naja revoljucija. S. 273.
  8. Gusserl' Je. Fenomenologija vnutrennego soznanija vremeni//Sobr. soch. t. 1.-M.: «Labirint», 1994. S. 484.
  9. Mak-Ljujen M. Galaktika Gutenberga. — Kiev: Nika-Centr, 2003. S. 114.
  10. Avgustin A. Ispoved'. — M.: RENAISSANCE, 1991. S. 74
  11. Gegel' G. V. F. Fenomenologija duha. — SPb.: Nauka, 1992. S. 91.
  12. Gusserl' Je. Krizis evropejskogo chelovechestva i filosofija//Filosofija kak strogaja nauka. — Novocherkassk: Saguna, 1994. S. 103.

Natalia TRUBNIKOVA

Russia, Tomsk.
Tomsk polytechnic university. Humanitarian faculty. Head of the Department.
PhD in history, senior lecturer.

Scientific and Political Discourses of Identity: the Path of Self-determination or "Invention of traditions"?

The author analyzes the main theme and ways of applying the concept of ‘identity’ in scientific and political discourse. In researching the logic of ‘social constructivism’ the key emphasis is on the social, cultural and political factors that form public consciousness and in many respects define the ideological and value orientations of the modern world. In political logic, the problem of the conflict of identities has special importance. In expressing the attachment of certain individuals or groups to certain territories, identity as an analytic category implicitly collapses to many descriptive parameters. The principal complexity is connected with a sense of ambiguity. Having arisen as a construction of scholarly discourse, ‘identity’ has shifted to a political context, where it is used by ethnic and religious groups as a means of self-affirmation. This ‘fixed’ concept is peculiar also to scholarly literature devoted to the description of complicated political processes where it is expressed in ideas of gender, race, ethnicity, and nationalism, and often reifying the phenomenon in question. Without realizing the fact that identity is always a product implanted historically and socially, many authors try to insert ‘identity’ into the historical process, titling their articles ‘the politics of memory’, ‘identity construction’, ‘factory of places’, ‘identity territories’, and ‘the invention of traditions’. Modern discussions around the concept of ‘identity’ aspire to overcome schematic ‘perusal lattices’ in research devoted to problems of identity, and to develop more sophisticated tools of analysis that would be able to capture the processes of mastering and transforming signs in social groups.

Key words: identity, social constructivism, reification of categories, discourse, culture, cultural science, historical memory, nation, regionalism, cross-country-cultural communications

References

  1. Burd'e P. Prakticheskij smysl. — M.: Institut jeksperimental'noj sociologii; SPb.: Aletejja, 2001.562 s.
  2. Brodel' F. Chto takoe Francija? Ljudi i vewi. Moskva: Izd-vo im. Sabashnikovyh, 1995. — 244 s.
  3. Brubaker R. Au-dela de lidentite//Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales. — 2001.№ 139.p. 66-85.
  4. Boudrieu P. Lidentite et la representation. Elements pour une reflexion critique sur lidee de region//Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales.1980.№ 35.p. 63-72.
  5. Thiesse A.-M. Ecrire la France: le mouvement litteraire de langue francaise entre la Belle Epoque et la Liberation. — Paris: Puf, 1991.314 r.; Thiesse A.-M. Ils apprenaient la France: lexaltation des regions dans le discours patriotique.Paris: MSH, 1997. — 130 p.; Bertho-Lavenir C. Linvention de la Bretagne. Genese sociale dun stereotype // Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales. — 1980.№ 35.p. 45-62; Martel P. Le Felibrige // Nora P. (dir.) Les Lieux de Memoires. T.3, vol. 2.Paris: Gallimard, 1992. P. 567-611 ; Guillet F. Naissance de la Normandie (1750-1850). Genese et epanuissement dune image regionale // Terrain. — 1999. — № 33.p. 145-156.
  6. Avanza M., Laferte G. Depasser la « construction des identites » ? Identification, image sociale, appartenance//Geneses. Sciences Sociales et histoire.2005.№ 61.p. 134-152. P. 139.
  7. Braudel F. LIdentite de France. Les hommes et les choses.Paris: Arthaud, 1986. — 302 p. Rus. perevod: Brodel' F. Chto takoe Francija? Ljudi i vewi. Moskva: Izd-vo im. Sabashnikovyh, 1995. — 244 s.
  8. Rusen J. (ed.) Western Historical Thinking. An Intercultural Debate. — New York-Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2002.220 p.
  9. LEstoile, de B. Le gout de passe // Terrain.2001.№ 37.p. 123-138; Thiesse A.-M. La creation des identites nationales. Europe, XVIIIe-Xhe siecles. — Paris: Seuil, 1999.302 r.; Saada E. Les territoires de lidentite. Etre juif a Arbreville // Genese.1993.№ 11.p. 111-136; Dimitrijevic D. (ed.) Fabrication des traditions. Invention de modernite. — Paris: MSH, 2004.332 p.
  10. Hacking Y. Entre science et realite. La construction sociale de quoi ? — Paris: La Decouverte, 2001.298 p.
  11. Avanza M., Laferte G. Depasser la « construction des identites », p. 138
  12. Schweitz D. Histoire des identites de pays en Touraine (XVIe-Xxe sciecle). Aux origines de la France des Pays. — Paris: LHarmattan, 2001.463 p.
  13. Thiesse A.-M. Ils apprenaient la France: lexaltation des regions…
  14. Chanet J.-F. Lecole republicaine et les petites patries. — Paris: Aubier, 1996.426 p. 2 Brubaker R. Au-dela de lidentite
  15. Noiriel G. Lidentification des personnes. Genese dun travail dEtat. Colloque international, 30 sept. — 1 oct. 2004.Paris: Belin, 2006.

Basya NIKIFOROVA

Lithuania, Vilnius.
The Lithuanian institute of cultural research (Vilnius).
The Department of modern philosophy, the senior scientist. PhD, senior lecturer.

Homo Europaeus: Religious and Secular Challenges

The author’s objective is to define “European identity” and the modern myths that have arisen around it. The article addresses the secular nature of Europe as a synonym for peace and prosperity and religion as a source of division and danger. Currently around these myths arises the differentiation of Homo Europaeus into the Western- and Eastern-European, in their relation to religion, metaphysics, and history. A dichotomy has emerged between the two most important types of Homo Europaeus, which differ in cultural heritage. The secular and materialistic Homo Europaeus prevails in Western Europe and the more spiritual and metaphysical prevails in the East. The author explores the consequences for identity and values perception in the new European situation, wherein borders are merely symbolic. Moving into the sphere of values, the protection of borders, traditional values, and national conditions mainly characterizes the Eastern European mentality. For the Western “European” such post-materialist values as personal expression, new environmental awareness, openness to the Other, and a high tolerance for racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity are inherent. In the sphere of religion, the values of the Western “European” translate into championing everyone’s right to practice their religion, and from the secular standpoint, a “de-territorialization,” in which the world is traveled not only by people, but by people with their cultural and religious traditions. The author discusses these problems and the ambiguity of their interpretation.

Key words: Homo Europaeus, European identity, religion, secularization, religious pluralism, “de-territorialization”

References

  1. Zigmunt Bauman. 2004. Ot piligrima k turistu, ili kratkaja istorija identichnosti. http://www.urban-club.ru/; Zigmunt Bauman. Globalizacija. Posledstvija dlja cheloveka i obwestva. Moskva. Izdatel'stvo «Ves' Mir».
  2. Alen Bad'ju. 2004. Delez. Shum bytija. Moskva, izdatel'stvo «Logos-Al'tera»/«Esse homo», str.66.
  3. Peter Berger. 1999. The Desecularization of the World: A Global Overview, edited by Peter Berger. The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics, Eerdmans Publishing, pp. 1-18; Jurgen Habermas. Religion in the Public Sphere,European Journal of Philosophy 2006, 14, p. 1-25; Rodney Stark, and Laurence Iannaccone, A Supply-Side Reinterpretation of the Secularization of Europe, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 33:3, 1995, pp. 230-252; Philip Gorski and Ateş Altınordu After Secularization? Annual Review of Sociology, 2008, p.55-85; Jose Casanova. 1994. Public Religions in the Modern World. Chicago: Chicago University Press; Jose Casanova, Rethinking secularization: a global comparative perspective, Hedgehog Review, Spring/Summer 2006: 7-22; Charles Taylor. 2007. A Secular Age, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
  4. Giancarlo Bosetti and Klaus Eder, Post-Secularism: A Return to the Public Sphere, Eurozine, Aug. 17, 2006 [online journal]; available from http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2006-08-17-eder-en.html
  5. Jurgen Habermas, Religion in the Public Sphere, European Journal of Philosophy 2006, 14, p. 1-25.
  6. K. Armstrong. 2001. The Battle for God. Fundamentalism in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. London, HarperCollins Publishers, p. 367.
  7. Alen Badiou. Behind the Scarfed Law, There is Fear. Le Monde, February 22, 2004.
  8. Robert S. Leiken. Europe’s Angry Muslims. Foreign Affairs, № 4, 2005.
  9. Felix Wilfred. Frontier Violations: The Beginnings of New Identities. Introduction. «Concilium», 1999/2, r.v.

Andrey BOBRIKHIN

Russia, Ekaterinburg.
The Russian State Professional Pedagogical University.
College of Arts, the senior teacher. Senior lecturer.

Representations of Ethnic Identity in Modern Culture

The innovative development of Russia raises questions regarding the historical orientation of national identity, the generation /construction of identity, deconstruction of the historical experience of image-making, and considerations of identity as a figurative-symbolical vision. In the traditional society, ethnic identity is not a problem. Ethno-cultural identity is largely absent in a traditional discourse, but dominates ‘traditionalist’ discourse. The age-old Russian experience of designing ethno-cultural identity and the search for a national character shows a wonderfully repetitious scheme in which symbols and signs of this identity, being formulated, presented, and exposed, are perceived by the culture and its carriers as alien, external, “foreign”. Sincere attempts by the ‘designers of identity’ to replicate ethno-cultural images and try on ‘national clothes’ appear farcical. This article considers images of traditional ethnic culture in modern cultural space. National culture is considered as a source of the symbols contributing to the formation of models of ethnic identity. Ethnic identity is based on images of traditional national culture and history and is an identity with a common past.

Key words: ethnic identity, social designing, indexes of identity, social mythology, urban visual communications

References

  1. Zaharov A. V. Tradicionnaja kul'tura v sovremennom obwestve/A. V. Zaharov//Sociologicheskie issledovanija, — 2004. — № 7. S. 110
  2. Bibler V. S. Ewe odin dialog Dialogika s Monologistom/V. S. Bibler//Arhje. Kul'turo-logicheskij ezhegodnik. — Kemerovo, 1993. — Vyp. 1. S. 21.
  3. Bergman Piter, Lukman Tomas. Social'noe konstruirovanie real'nosti. Traktat po sociologii znanija./Piter Berger, Tomas Lukman. — M.: Medium, 1995. S. 281.
  4. Neumann I. B. Russia as Central Europe’s Constituting Other/I. B. Neumann//East European Politics and Societies. 1993. Vol. 7. N 2.30. p. 349.
  5. Ljubbe G. Istoricheskaja identichnost'/G. Ljubbe//Voprosy filosofii. — 1994. — № 4. S. 111
  6. Nora P. Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire/P. Nora//History and Memory in African — American Culture. N. Y., Oxford, — Ed.G. Farbe, R. OMeally, 1994. S. 289
  7. Bergman Piter, Lukman Tomas. Social'noe konstruirovanie real'nosti. Traktat po sociologii znanija./Piter Berger, Tomas Lukman. — M.: Medium, 1995. S. 284.

Tatyana KRUGLOVA

Russia, Ekaterinburg.
The Ural State University named after A.M. Gorky. Faculty of Philosophy.
The Department of ethics, aesthetics and the theory and history of culture. PhD, professor.

Works of Social Realism as Evidence of “Revolution in Feelings”: Existential Problems of Characters in Bbooks by Arkady Gaidar

This article focuses on the analysis of identity forms and structures as they are presented in the literary texts of a specific period. Two decades after the beginning of a new revolutionary cycle in Russian history we have a chance to develop a deeper understanding of what happened to us in the 20th century. The author offers a new approach to analyzing any historical type of art. Art is perceived as invaluable evidence of the past epoch and, above all, of its people. Art in different epochs creates a self-image for contemporary readers and for future generations; however, they leave unconscious tracks and something remains hidden. In this article the texts of Socialist realism are treated as some of the most representative documents of the age and as the key to understanding essential things that were happening to people during the Stalinist modernization. Though the last generations of the Soviets rejected the works of Socialist realism as insufficiently reliable evidence, the author argues that Socialist realism is not only a style; it is an outlook on the world, containing a special type of axiology and psychology. The article reviews the works of one of the most appealing and captivating authors of that age, Arkady Gaidar.

Key words: image of the epoch, self-awareness, Social realism, Soviet identity

References

  1. Vishnevskij A. Serp i rubl'. Konservativnaja modernizacija v SSSR. — M., OGI, 1998. — S. 147.
  2. Gol'dshtejn A. Rasstavanie s narcissom. Opyty pominal'noj ritoriki. — M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 1997. — S.156.
  3. Gajdar A. Voennaja tajna//Gajdar A. Povesti i rasskazy. — M.: Drofa-Pljus, 2004. — S. 376.
  4. Gajdar A. Sud'ba barabanwika//Gajdar A. Sud'ba barabanwika. — SPb: Azbuka-klassika, 2004. — S. 140.
  5. Gajdar A. Voennaja tajna//Gajdar A. Povesti i rasskazy. — M.: Drofa-Pljus, 2004. — S.372.
  6. Junger Je. Rabochij. Gospodstvo i geshtal't. Total'naja mobilizacija. O boli. — SPb: Nauka, 2002. — S. 488.
  7. Zhizhek S. Hrupkij absoljut, ili pochemu stoit borot'sja za hristianskoe nasledie. — M.: Hudozhestvennyj zhurnal, 2003. — S.82.
  8. Efimov A. Predislovie.//Gajdar A. Sud'ba barabanwika. — SPb: Azbuka-klassika, 2004. — S. 5.
  9. Kozlova N. Sovetskie ljudi. Sceny iz istorii. — M.: Evropa, 2005. — S.49.
  10. A. Lezhnev «Ob iskusstve», M., 1936 — Cit.po: Gol'dshtejn A. Rasstavanie s narcissom. Opyty pominal'noj ritoriki. — M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 1997. — S. 180.
  11. Chudakova M. Skvoz' zvezdy k ternijam//Chudakova M. Izbrannye raboty. T.1. Literatura sovetskogo proshlogo. — M., Jazyki russkoj kul'tury, 2001. — S. 349.

Olga KIRILLOVA

Ukraine, Kiev.
National Pedagogical University named after M. P. Dragomanov.
The Department of cultural science. PhD in philosophy, senior lecturer.

"The French Lieutenant’s Complex" in Culture: Psychoanalysis, Identification, Postmodernism

The article focuses on the creation of new strategies of identification as described in postmodern fiction, using as an example the novels by J. Fowles. These strategies are interpreted, borrowing Lacan’s psychoanalytic terminology, as the so-called “chef-d’oeuvres socials.” One such strategy is described in the article as “The French Lieutenant’s Complex,” which identifies the subject with the history of his fundamental trauma.

Key words: subject, identification, “chef-d’oeuvres sociales”, “The French Lieutenant’s Complex”, transferent text

References

  1. Zherebkina I. Zhak Lakan: feministskoe vvedenie//Prochti moe zhelanie. — M.: Ideja-press, 2000. — S. 76.
  2. Zhizhek S. Gljadja vkos': Per. s angl. — M.: 1999. — S. 139-140.
  3. Ayerza J. Comme des Garçons.//Lacanian ink. — New York, 1999. — №14. — C.45.
  4. Lacan J. Seminar XI: The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-analysis. Trans. A Sheridan. — London: Vintage, 1998. — S.150.
  5. Clement C. The Lives and Legends of Jacques Lacan. — NY: Columbia University Press, 1983. — S. 149

Lev YAKOVLEV

Russia, Saratov.
P. A. Stolypin Volga Region Academy of Public Administration.
The Department of sociology, social policy and regional history.
PhD in sociological sciences, professor.

Pluralism and the Individualization of the Processes of Identification as an Effect of Globalization

Quite a few investigators interpret new phenomena in contemporary mass culture as dehumanization. Dehumanization occurs when the attention of an author, reader, or viewer shifts from the character and values of human communities to alternative attributes and there is a crisis in traditional models of identification. Some authors interpret this process as dehumanizing. The author defines it differently, as substituting tolerance for xenophobia. In the socio-cultural context, xenophobia is an expression of a fear of loss of identity. In the author’s opinion, this crisis is a manifestation of a general crisis of modernity. Globalization suggests the homogenization of economic, political and cultural spaces, such that the existing social community and forms of social organization are replaced by social networks. The inevitable result is an individualization of processes of identification.

Key words: identification, globalization, socio-cultural space, modern, postmodern, social communities, the social network organization, social change, individualization

References

  1. Poliwuk V. Kinotekst: massovaja kul'tura, skazka, mif.//Interaktivnyj razdel «Mezhdunarodnogo zhurnala issledovanij kul'tury» http://www.culturalresearch.ru/ru/cinema/35-kinotext
  2. Antonov S. A. Tonkaja krasnaja linija. Zametki o vampiricheskoj paradigme v zapadnoj literature i kul'ture//Gost' Drakuly i drugie istorii o vampirah. Antologija. M., Azbuka-klassika, 2007.
  3. Andrej Devjatov: Bogatstvo po-kitajski, russkij kupec starover i globalizacija//ROL. 2002.
  4. Intriligejtor M. D. Globalizacija kak istochnik mezhdunarodnyh konfliktov i obostrenija konkurencii//Scenarii Internet. 2001. № 6 (10 ijunja)
  5. Interv'ju s Dzhagdishem Bhagvati//Jekspert. 2004. 28 ijunja
  6. Sherstnev M. A. Globalizacija — novoe slovo ili novoe javlenie?//Jekonomicheskie nauki. 2006. №4
  7. Kuvaldin V. Globalizacija — svetloe buduwee chelovechestva?//Scenarii Internet. № 6 (10 ijunja). 2001
  8. Zajko A. V. Antiglobalizm kak dekonstruktivizm//Globalizacija v social'no-filosofskom izmerenii. Sbornik materialov konferencii. SPb. 2003
  9. Sherstnev M. A. Globalizacija — novoe slovo ili novoe javlenie?//Jekonomicheskie nauki. 2006. №4. S. 37-41
  10. Zagladin N. V. Globalizacija v kontekste al'ternativ istoricheskogo razvitija//MJeiMO. 2003. N 8. S. 3-10
  11. Zubchenko L. A. Globalizacija — nastojawij razryv XX veka: (Svodnyj referat)//Social'nye i gumanitarnye nauki: Otech. i zarub. lit-ra. Ser. 2. Jekonomika: RZh/INION RAN. 2002. N 1. S. 52-60
  12. Rupova R. M. Antiglobalistskij optimizm A. Shjuca i K. Girca//Sociologicheskie issledovanija. 2008. № 4. S. 138-143
  13. Arhipov A. Ju., Martishin E. M., Fomicheva E. V. Razvitie Rossii v uslovijah globalizacii mirovoj jekonomiki//Jekonomicheskij vestnik Rostovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2008. T. 6. № 3. S. 150-168
  14. Zarubina N. N. Den'gi i kul'tura bogatstva: perspektivy social'noj otvetstvennosti biznesa v uslovijah globalizacii//Sociologicheskie issledovanija. 2008. № 10. S. 13-23
  15. Mnogolikaja globalizacija/Pod red. P.Bergera i S. Hantingtona; Per. s angl. V. V. Sapova pod red. M. M. Lebedevoj. M.: Aspekt Press, 2004
  16. Stiglic Dzh. Ju. Globalizacija: trevozhnye tendencii/Per. s angl. i primech. G. G. Pirogova. M.: Mysl', 2003
  17. Cheshkov M. Globalizacija: suwnost', nyneshnjaja faza, perspektivy//Pro et Contra. Tom 4, №4. Problemy globalizacii. S. 114-127.
  18. Aksjuchic V. Ne global'nost' globalizacii//Internet-zhurnal Sretenskogo monastyrja. 26/11/2005. http://www. pravoslavie.ru/jurnal/print402.htm
  19. Mart'janov V. Rossija v transformirujuwejsja mirosisteme//Strategija Rossii. 2008 № 3, Mart.
  20. Alekseeva T. Rossija v prostranstve global'nogo vosprijatija//Mezhdunarodnye processy. Zhurnal teorii mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij i mirovoj politiki. 2010. Tom 8, № 2(23). maj-avgust.
  21. Remizov M. Apologija nacionalizma//APN. 2006. 27 nojabrja. http://www.apn.ru/publications/article11011.htm
  22. Dugin A. Sociokul'turnaja metrika (Sovremennaja identichnost' Rossii)//http://konservatizm.org/index2. php?option=com_content&task=view&id=127&pop=1&pa ge=0
  23. Jameson F. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham, NC, 1991; Ritzer G. The McDonalds Thesis. London, Sage, 1998
  24. Albrow M. The Global Age. Stanford 1997; Bauman. Z Time and Space Reunited//Time & Society. 2000. Vol. 9, pp. 171-185
  25. Global Moder-nities. Ed. By M.Featherstone, S. Lash, R. Robertson. London, Sage, 1995
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Concepts of Culture

Vladimir KONEV

Russia, Samara.
Samara State University. The Department of philosophy of humanitarian faculties. Head of the Department.
PhD in philosophy, professor.

Monologues in the Dialogues Between Commonality and Difference

This article examines the dialogue or quasi-dialogue about commonality and difference as categories of culture. In the course of a quasi-dialogue, two protagonists, according to the content of the discussion, constantly slide over to their interlocutor’s position. One inclines toward the tradition of cultural studies, the other one to philosophical reflection, though neither position is pure. Thus the characters have symbolical "names", and the dialogue seems rather like a discussion among diplomats, where each simply delivers a long speech about his intentions, and the whole thing looks like a roll call of cocks in the morning.

Key words: the One, Difference, distinction, identity, Plato, dialogue, philosophy of culture, Spengler, cultural history, responsibility, Bakhtin, an ideal, Deleuse, ontological difference, valuable distinction, individuality

References

  1. Losev, A. F. Antichnyj kosmos i sovremennaja nauka. 1927/A. F. Losev Bytie — imja — kosmos. — Sost. i red. A. A. Taho-Godi. — M.: Mysl', 1993. S. 372.
  2. Bahtin M. M. K filosofii postupka//Filosofija i sociologija nauki i tehniki. Ezhegodnik: 1984-1985. M., 1986. Publikacija i vstup. stat'ja S. G. Bocharova, primechanija S. S. Averinceva. S. 96 http://www.philosophy.ru/library/bahtin/post.html
  3. Delez Zh. Razlichie i povtorenie. Per. s fr. N. B. Man'kovskoj i Je. P. Jurovskoj. SPb.: Petropolis, 1998. S. 49. http://www.philosophy.ru/library/deleuze/01/
  4. Luomala K. Golos vetra. Polinezijskie mify i pesni. Per. s angl. M.: «Nauka», 1976. S. 740. http://mifolog.ru/books/item/f00/s00/z0000020/st003.shtml
  5. Hajdegger M. Vvedenie v metafiziku. Per. N. O. Guchinskoj. Spb.: Vysshaja religioznaja shkola, 1998. S. 255. http://www. philosophy.ru/library/heideg/heid_intro_metaphysics.html
  6. Delez Zh. Razlichie i povtorenie. Per. s fr. N. B. Man'kovskoj i Je. P. Jurovskoj. SPb.: Petropolis, 1998. S. 56-57. http://www.philosophy.ru/library/deleuze/01/
  7. Burd'e P. Istoricheskij genezis chistoj jestetiki//«Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie», 2003, № 60. http://magazines.russ. ru/nlo/2003/60/burd.html

Alexander LYUSY

Russia, Moscow.
Russian Institute for Cultural Research, the seniour rearcher.
PhD in cultural science.

Parade of Utopias

The Utopia of Unity is regarded as an optical axis for dreams, images, and national disorders of social reality. According to A. Gusseynov, philosophy sets Utopian coordinates for culture when it describes the future, rather than when it formulates in its own (narrow) idea of Utopia. Philosophers create their Utopias in the course of formulating their doctrines and systems. The problem of philosophy is the same as that of the modern society: the absence of ideal prospects and a comprehensive, philosophical, and reasonable ideal that can inspire practical efforts toward the perfection of life. The old Utopia, which hoped for happy transformation of the world by means of science and technology, has failed and a new Utopia has not yet been developed. The research presented in this article asks how coordinates are being set within the framework of systems for self-determination in culture, and how those coordinates of self-determination correspond to figurative systems of thought and language.

Key words: utopia, the One, dream, daydream, night dream, ideal, self-determination of culture

References

  1. Kalinin I. Utopija, ili Mesto, kotorogo… est'//Neprikosnovennyj zapas» 2010, №1 (69).
  2. Ainsa F. Rekonstrukcija utopii. — «Nasledie» — Editions UNESCO Moskva 1999 — S. 29. http://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/Polit/ainsa/
  3. Kurennoj V. Okonchatel'naja sterilizacija utopii//Politicheskij zhurnal. № 3 (180)/21 fevralja 2008.
  4. Vershinin, S. E. Zhizn' — jeto nadezhda: Vvedenie v filosofiju Jernsta Bloha. — Ekaterinburg: Izdatel'stvo Gumanitarnogo universiteta, 2001.
  5. Grjakalov A. A. «Jepoha velikogo pereselenija myslej». Literatura i «anti/utopija» Opyt Sigizmunda Krzhizhanovskogo//Filosofskij vek. Al'manah. Vyp. 13. Rossijskaja utopija jepohi Prosvewenija i tradicii mirovogo utopizma./Otv. redaktory T. V. Artem'eva, M. I. Mikeshin. — SPb.: Sankt-Peterburgskij Centr istorii idej. 2000.
  6. Krzhizhanovskij S. Sobr. Soch.: V 5 t. T. 1. M., 2001. S. 489.
  7. Erofeev V. Moskva — Petushki. M., 2000. S. 84.
  8. Bart R. Udovol'stvie ot teksta. \\ Bart R. Izbrannye raboty: semiotika, pojetika. — M., 1994. — S. 497-498.
  9. Mamardashvili M. Kak ja ponimaju filosofiju M., 1992.
  10. Platon. Kritij.\\ Sobranie sochinenij v 4 t. — T. 3. — M.: Mysl', 1994. — 654.-(Filos. Nasledie. T. 117). S. 501-515.
  11. Zemljanoj S. Klerikal'no-konservativnaja mifologicheskaja distopija: Aleksej Losev//http://old.russ.ru/politics/meta/20001009_zemljano.html
  12. Karpec V. Soloveckaja chajka vsegda golodna//Politicheskij zhurnal. № 3 (180)/21 fevralja 2008.
  13. Brazhnikov I. Ischerpannost' ostrova i grada. Realizovannaja utopija i otkrytyj Apokalipsis//Politicheskij zhurnal. № 3 (180)/21 fevralja 2008.
  14. Aleksander Dzh. Prochnye utopii i grazhdanskij remont//http://www.isras.ru/files/File/Socis/2002-10/AlexsanderG. pdf
  15. Prikazchikova E. E. Antropologicheskaja utopija Smol'nogo instituta i ejo otrazhenie v memuarno-avtobiograficheskoj literature vtoroj poloviny XVIII veka//Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2009. № 27 (165). Filologija. Iskusstvovedenie. Vyp. 34. S. 105-114.
  16. Sukovataja V. Zhenwina kak drugoj v istorii utopij//Filosofskie nauki. 2008, № 6.
  17. Vittig M. Prjamoe myshlenie. M.: Ideja-Press, 2003.
  18. Bodrijar Zh. Amerika. SPb., 2000. S. 82.
  19. Borisova I. Utopija i orkestr romantizma: muzykal'nye instrumenty u V. F. Odoevskogo//Solnechnoe spletenie. Ierusalim, 2003. № 24-25.
  20. Bart R. Sad, Fur'e, Lojola. M., 2007. S. 12, 18.
  21. Cvetkov A. Tam, gde konchaetsja istorija, nachinaetsja Revoljucija//http://musicnihil.nokunst.com/manifest/revolution. html
  22. Gusejnov A. A. Filosofija kak utopija dlja kul'tury//Vopro-sy filosofii. 2009. № 1. S. 11-16.
  23. Grojs B. Zhizn' v utopii//Russkie utopii: Katalog vystavki v Centre sovremennoj kul'tury «Garazh», 5 marta — 23 maja 2010. M., 2010. S. 91.
  24. Ainsa F. Rekonstrukcija utopii./Ainsa F. — M.: Nasledie, 1999. S. 86.
  25. Abdullin R. Z. Rossijskaja nacional'naja ideja: ot utopii k real'nosti. SPb., 2010. S. 7.
  26. Sioran Je. Iskushenie suwestvovaniem. M., 2003. S. 319-320.
  27. Ronkin V. E. Mify i utopii v geografii//http://www. redshift.com/~alevintov/2007/jun/utop.htm

Cultural Theory Studies

Tomas KAČERAUSKAS

Lithuania, Vilnius.
PhD in philosophie. Vilnius Gediminas Technical University.
Department of Philosophy and Political Theory.

Cultural Studies in Lithuania: the Ideas and the Names

The article examines cultural studies in Lithuania. The author interprets three periods: 1) the interwar period, 2) the post-war period that covers both cultural research in Soviet Lithuania and research conducted by Lithuanian emigrants abroad, and 3) the post-Soviet period. The author interprets works by a number of prominent Lithuanian cultural researchers based on the following premises: 1) cultural studies are inseparable from the discourse of modernity, even when we speak about the postmodern cultural situation and its representatives; 2) culture should be interpreted as an integral whole available for philosophical reflection; 3) cultural studies hover between regional identity and global tendencies; 4) cultural studies should be developed with respect to hermeneutic intentions; 5) cultural phenomena have been used by cultural studies in reference to the world we inhabit as cultural environment, and our creative role within it; 6) researchers in cultural studies participate in both the vertical cultural community of a certain region and the horizontal, international scholarly society; 7) cultural studies is emerging as an interdisciplinary discourse, i.e. as a result of “long way” (Ricoeur) tactics.

Key words: cultural studies, idea of culture, region, identity

Gender Studies

Olga CHURAKOVA

Russia, Arkhangelsk.
Pomor State University named after M. V. Lomonosov.
PhD in history, senior lecturer.

The Symbolical Representation of Women in Traditional Cultures of Northern Europe and the Preservation of Ethnic and Gender Identity of Northern Women

Northern Eurasia is a marginal zone between cultural being and mythical non-being, the border between physical place and fairy tale, a pole of the universe. This ultimate world creates its own features of ethnic and cultural identity. Ethnological and gender studies allow us to form social and cultural systems that offer the possibility to reflect and decode the macrocosms and microcosms of ethnic and gender sign systems. The modernization and urbanization of modern culture, the transformation of social hierarchy, the subversion of cultural values, ethical norms, and gender roles tend to result in a crisis of traditional ethnic and gender identity. Is it possible for traditional Northern cultures to return to old values and patriarchal gender settings? To answer this question, the author applies analytical methods of cultural studies to study of the symbolical presence of women in traditional cultures of the Northern Europe.

Key words: women studies, identity, gender, myth, Northern people

References

  1. Sorokina S. A. Gendernye aspekty tradicionnoj kul'tury narodov Severa, Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka: Dissertacija kandidata kul'turologicheskih nauk: SPb., 2005. — S. 4-5.
  2. Terebihin N. M. Metafizika Severa: Monografija Arhangel'sk, 2004. S. 3-4.
  3. Osorina M. V. Sekretnyj mir detej v prostranstve vzroslyh SPb., 2000. S. 75.
  4. Matonin V. N. Zhenwina v Pomor'e k. XIX — n. HH: opyt psihologicheskogo portreta//Gendernaja retrospektiva Rossijskogo obwestva: problemy i metody izuchenija. Arhangel'sk, 2000. S. 13.
  5. Zobkov S. Pomorskaja derevnja i ee nuzhdy.//Izvestija AOIRS.1911. № 11 S. 863.
  6. Kalinin I. Onezhane.//Izvestija AOIRS.1911. № 5. S. 382.
  7. Maksimov S. V. God na Severe. Arhangel'sk, 1984. S. 301-302.
  8. Beloborodova I. N. Social'nyj status i stereotipnye formy povedenija v zhenskoj subkul'ture Arhangel'skogo Severa: formirovanie socio-prirodnyh sistem (k. XIX — n. XX v.//Gendernaja retrospektiva Rossijskogo obwestva: problemy i metody izuchenija. Arhangel'sk, 2000. S. 13.
  9. Mihajlov A. Ocherki prirody i byta Belomorskogo kraja Rossii. Ohota v lesah Arhangel'skoj gubernii. SPb., 1868. — S. 235-236.
  10. Terebihin N. M. Metafizika Severa: Monografija Arhangel'sk, 2004. S. 203.
  11. Bernshtam T. A. Russkaja narodnaja kul'tura Pomor'ja v H1H — n. HH vv. — L., 1983. — S. 98, 153.

Art Studies

Michail KUZMIN

Russia, St. Petersburg.
Newspaper «CHASPIKNEWSPAPER». Editor of department of culture.
Poet, art critic, journalist.

Thirst for Topicality — is this a Thirst for Acknowledgment? An Interview with Valery Savchuk. Part 1.

IThis article presents an interview with Valery Savchuk, a well-known scholar of modern culture, artist, and curator It includes a brief retrospective journey into the history of modern art, and discusses current features of the dynamics of the artistic process. In considering how the identity of an artist is currently being shaped and developed, Savchuk analyses Russian and foreign philosophical and artistic experience, illuminates ‘hot spots’, where a contact of subjectivities is occurring, and reveals the mechanisms and forms of cultural influence. A distinctive artistic measure of identity is connected not only with the sociopolitical environment, but also with the dynamics of identity, the concepts of tolerance and ‘open-mindedness’ that contextualize experience and the understanding of reality. Perceiving and adopting the hypermobility of the structure of the world in this way, modern artist obtains new possibilities for self-presentation. Valery Savchuk answered Mihail Kuzmin‘s questions.

Key words: modern artistic process, contemporary art, art project, visual nature, subjectivity, revolt, social, corporality, trauma

Michael STEPANOV

Russia, St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg State University. Faculty of Philosophy.
The center of mediaphilosophy. Scientist.

Interview with Prof. Elisbeth von Samsonov. "Body, Machine and Art"

In an interview with Michael Stepanov, the famous Austrian philosopher Elisabeth von Samsonow discusses topical issues of modern philosophy and the arts: How to transform the concept of soul and body in a technologized world? Is there an alternative to trans-humanism with its cult of the machine and hybridization? What happens to the body in modernity?

List of publications Elisabeth von Samsonow on the site of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna.

Key words: Elisabeth von Samsonow, body, machine, media and contemporary art

Media Studies

Alina VENKOVA

Russia, St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg branch of the Russian Institute of Cultural Research. Deputy director.
PhD in cultural research, senior lecturer.

The Transgression of Media in the Philosophy of Dietmar Kamper and the Critical Theory of Rosalind Krauss (on Dietmar Kamper's Body. Violence. Pain and Rosalind E. Krauss's Perpetual Inventory)

This article explores the concept of “the transgression of media” in the philosophy of Dietmar Kamper and the critical theory of Rosalind Krauss. The analysis is based on Dietmar Kamper’s book Body. Violence. Pain (a collection of articles, recently translated into Russian) and Rosalind E. Krauss’s book Perpetual Inventory. The article shows the similarities and differences in the theoretical approaches of the two authors to such concepts as dematerialization of media, formlessness, performative act, post-medium condition, and mediation of memory.

Key words: media, transgression, performative, formless, postmedium condition

References

  1. Kamper D. Telo. Nasilie. Bol': Sbornik statej/Per. s nem. Sostavlenie, obwaja redakcija i vstupitel'naja stat'ja V. Savchuka. — SPb: Izd-vo Russkoj hristianskoj gumanitarnoj akademii, 2010. — S. 131.
  2. Mishel' Fuko O transgressii//Tanatografija jerosa. Zhorzh Bataj i francuzskaja mysl' serediny HH veka. — SPb: Mifril, 1994. — S. 125.
  3. Nansi Zh.-L. Corpus. — M.: AdMarginem, 1999. — S. 111.
  4. Fljusser V. Za filosofiju fotografii/Per. s nem. G. Hajdarovoj. — SPb: Izd-vo S.-Peterb. un-ta, 2008. — S. 44.
  5. Krauss R. Skul'ptura v rasshirennom pole//Krauss R. Podlinnost' avangarda i drugie modernistskie mify. — M.: HZh, 2003. — S. 272-288.
  6. Mishel' Fuko O transgressii//Tanatografija jerosa. Zhorzh Bataj i francuzskaja mysl' serediny HH veka. — SPb: Mifril, 1994. — S. 117.
  7. Rosalind E. Krauss A Voyage on the North Sea: Art in the Age of the Post-Medium Condition. — Thames & Hudson, 2000. — 64 p.
  8. Rosalind E. Krauss Perpetual Inventory. — The MIT Press, 2010. — P. 183.
  9. Donald Judd Specific objects//Art in Theory 1900 — 2000: An Anthology of Changing Ideas. — Wiley-Blackwell, 2002. — P. 825.

Urban Studies

Tatyana BYSTROVA

Russia, Ekaterinburg.
The Ural State University named after A.M. Gorky. PhD in philosophy, professor.
The scientific editor of the magazine « Academic bulletin Ural SRI project RAABS».

Implementation of Cultural Identity in the Architectural Space of Education: Universities in China

The object of this article is to analyze the architecture of modern Chinese universities. The author explores the influence of the long spiritual tradition of China on the approach to design and interpretation of architectural objects. The author analyzes the influence of Taoist and Confucian aesthetics on the formation of educational space.

Key words: spiritual tradition, architecture, Taoist aesthetics, Confucian aesthetics, educational space, university architecture

References

  1. Afonasenko E. Osobennosti jetnicheskogo sa-mosoznanija sovremennyh kitajcev. http://rl-online.ru/articles/1-04/420.html.
  2. Perelomov L. S. Konfucij: zhizn', uchenie, sud'ba. S., 1993. S. 205.
  3. Kuz'minov Ja., Judkevich M. Universitety Kitaja: Uroki Mladshego brata//«Vedomosti», № 233 (2503), 9 dekabrja 2009 g., № 238 (2508), 16 dekabrja 2009 g. http://www.marstu.net/Default.aspx?tabid=1329&ctl=Details&mid= 2554&ItemID=3027&language=ru-RU
  4. Jestetika: Slovar'/Pod obw. red. A. A. Beljaeva i dr. M.: Politizdat, 1989.
  5. Belozerova V. G. Jesteticheskie principy kalligraficheskoj tradicii Kitaja. http://shu-fa.blogspot.com/2009/03/blog-post.html
  6. Bystrova T. Ju. Vostochnye filoso-fii kak osnova jekologichnogo arhitekturnogo myshlenija: garmonija — celostnost' — zdorov'e//Akademicheskij vestnik UralNIIproekt RAASN. 2008. № 1.
  7. Begin Zh., Morel' D. Za stenami Zapretnogo goroda. M., 2003. S. 46.
  8. Nesterova O. A. Sovremennye kommunikativnye praktiki v prostranstve rossijsko-kitajskogo mezhkul'turnogo vzaimodejstvija. http://dibase.ru/article/15032010_ nesterovaoa/4.
  9. Bezhin L. E. Pod znakom vetra i potoka. Obraz zhizni hudozhnika v Kitae. M.,1970; Vinogradova N. A. Kitajskaja pejzazhnaja zhivopis'. M., 1972; Drevnekitajskaja filosofija. Sobranie tekstov. T. 1-2. M., 1972-1973
  10. Grigor'eva T. P. Krasotoj Japonii rozhdennyj. T. 1.

Anna KONEVA

Russia, St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg branch of the Russian Institute of Cultural Research, head of department.
PhD in philosophy, senior lecturer.

Fashion: Presentation of Individuality and Identity Codes

This article regards fashion in the context of modern culture as a paradigm of difference. In this paradigm, diversity and individuality constitute the most relevant values. The paradigm of ‘difference’ emphasizes visual presentation, which presents only demonstrated differences, not essential differences (the spectacle society, G. Debord). Fashion is one of the most important cultural mechanisms for “affirming difference” (G. Deuleuse).Fashion clearly tends towards a universalism of forms and attention to one’s own national sources. The presentations of individuality crystallize into a combination of types or codes, and the codes per se are forms of identification practices, and rules of social recognition. Fashion develops a new consciousness in modern culture — the “runway consciousness” — where image manipulation is more important than the quest for existential foundations. However, the contemporary space of daily experience constitutes a labyrinth, wherein the path is determined by the formats or concepts of choice. The competition of identities is a current challenge in the world. In the process of self-identification through visual codes, by finding I-confirmation in symbols of fashion, advertizing, and branding, the subject of “spectacle society” becomes distinguished and diversified not only in virtual culture but also inactuality.

Key words: cultural paradigm, difference, individuality, identity, image, fashion

References

  1. Gofman A.B. Moda i ljudi. Novaja teorija modnogo povedenija. — SPb.: Piter, 2004. — 208 s. C. 208.
  2. Berezovaja L. G. Moda kak chast' massovoj kul'tury HH veka.//Kommunikativnye proekty v kontekste sovremennoj teorii mody: Materialy mezhvuzovskogo seminara v ramkah proekta «Kommunikacija. Kul'tura. Moda» 9 aprelja 2004 g. M.: RGGU, 2005. 139 s. — S. 102.
  3. Konev V. A. Kul'tura, chelovek, obrazovanie. Samara, SamGU, 1999 — 108 s.
  4. Koneva A. V. Vek XXI: global'nyj mir i kul'tura razlichija//Filosofija. Obrazovanie. Kul'tura. — Samara, 2007. — S 206 — 215.
  5. Molchanov V. I. Predposylki tozhdestva i analitiki razlichija//Logos, 1999, № 11-12. http://www.ruthenia.ru/logos/number/1999_11_12/12.htm
  6. Molchanov V. I. Paradigmy soznanija i struktury opyta. — Logos, 1992, № 3. http://www.ruthenia.ru/logos/personalia/molchanov/01_paradigm.htm
  7. Delez Zh. Razlichie i povtorenie. — SPb., 1998. — 384 s. S. 99.
  8. Goffman I. Analiz frejmov: jesse ob organizacii povsednevnogo opyta. — M.: In-t sociologii RAN, 2003. — 752 s.
  9. Shtompka P. Sociologija social'nyh izmenenij/Per. s angl. pod red. V. A. Jadova. — M.: Aspekt Press, 1996.

Book Reviews

Maria YAKOVLEVA

Russia, St. Petersburg.
Herzen State Pedagogical University. Department of theory and history of culture.
PhD in cultural research, senior lecturer.

Review of the Book "Morphology of the Riddle" by S. Y. Senderovich

In reviewing The Morphology of the Riddle by S. Senderovich, the author offers a full analytical and cultural overview of the book, devoted to the description of the foundations, the topics, and the methodology of a new field, the morphology of the Riddle. Exploring The Morphology of the Riddle allows one to speak about the urgency and novelty of the approach as well as the primacy of the message. Traditional approaches to analyzing the phenomena of national culture cannot demonstrate the potential of such a "cultural genre" (Senderovich's term). The Morphology of the Riddle not only provides a necessary update to the analytical system of a scholarly field, it changes the way the riddle of culture is perceived. For example, Senderovich defines the “gaps”, i.e. collision points in the strategies of discussion, opening new levels of understanding regarding the phenomenon of a riddle. The reviewer classifies Senderovich’s study of culture as an "open work”, conducted at the boundaries of knowledge, and a “must read” for anyone who reflects on the essence of culture.

Key words: morphology, semiotics, hermeneutics, riddle, national culture, text, border, paradox, poetics

 

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