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# 4(5) 2011: Cultural Geography
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Topic of the Issue

Mikhail UVAROV

Russia, St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg State University. Faculty of Philosophy. Department of philosophical anthropology.
PhD in philosophy, professor.

Cultural Geography in Perspective of Culturology (an Analytic Review)

The article deals with the development of cultural geography as a new research field in Russia. From the author's point of view, the history of cultural geography examines the fate of culturology in terms of the major problems, as well as the criteria, of institutionalization. However, culturology and cultural geography exist independently of one another today. Specialists in the field of cultural geography use the methodologies of semiotics, philosophy and culturology (cultural studies), but rarely apply them directly to culturology and philosophical knowledge. The author observes the general trends of the relationship between cultural geography, philosophy and culturology (cultural studies). Special attention is paid to the correlation among fields of cultural studies, urban studies, cultural studies, human [humanistic, humanitarian] geography, geopoetics, and sacral geography. A survey of contemporary publications in Russian and English is included.

Key words: cultural geography, culturology, cultural studies, human [humanistic, humanitarian] geography, poetic geography, geopoetics, sacral geography, cultural landscape, topochronos, urban studies

References

  1. P. S. Landshafty: Optiki gorodskih issledovanij. Vil'njus, 2008.
  2. Abashev V. S. Perm' kak tekst: Perm' v russkoj kul'ture i literature XX veka. Perm', 2008.
  3. Vedenin Ju. A., Turovskij R. F. Kul'turnaja geografija, M.,2001.
  4. Gachev G. D. Nacional'nye obrazy mira. M.,1997-2007.
  5. Geografija iskusstva. Vyp. I-IV. M.: In-t nasledija, 1996-2005.
  6. Gumanitarnaja geografija. Nauchno-prosvetitel'skij al'manah. Vyp. I-IV/Pod red. D.N. Zamjatina. M.: In-t nasledija, 2004-2007.
  7. Gumilev L. N. Jetnogenez i biosfera Zemli. L.: Izd-vo LGU, 1989. 495 s.
  8. Delez Zh., Gvatari F. Kapitalizm i shizofrenija: Tysjacha plato. M., 2010.
  9. Druzhinin A. G. Teoreticheskie osnovy geografii kul'tury. Rostov-na-Donu: Izd-vo SKNC VSh, 1999. 114 s.
  10. Zamjatin D. N. Gumanitarnaja geografija: Prostranstvo i jazyk geograficheskih obrazov. SPb., 2003.
  11. Zamjatin D. N. Kul'tura i prostranstvo: Modelirovanie geograficheskih obrazov. M., 2006.
  12. Zamjatin D. N. Meta-geografija: Prostranstvo obrazov i obrazy prostranstva. M., 2004.
  13. Zamjatin D. N. Modelirovanie geograficheskih obrazov: Prostranstvo gumanitarnoj geografii. Smolensk, 1999. 256 s.
  14. Kaganskij V. L. Kul'turnyj landshaft i sovetskoe obitaemoe prostranstvo. M., 2001.
  15. Kaganskij V. L. Landshaft i kul'tura. M., 1997.
  16. Kaluckov V. N. Landshaft v kul'turnoj geografii. M.: Novyj hronograf, 2008.
  17. Kul'turnaja geografija/Nauchn. red. Ju. A. Vedenin, R. F. Turovskij. M., 2001.
  18. Kul'turnyj landshaft kak ob#ekt nasledija/Pod red. Ju. A. Vedenina, M. E. Kuleshovoj. M.: In-t nasledija; SPb, 2004.
  19. Kul'turnyj landshaft Russkogo Severa/Otv. red. A.A. Ivanova, V. N. Kaluckov. M., 1998.
  20. Lavrenova O. A. Prostranstva i smysly: semantika kul'turnogo landshafta. M., 2010.
  21. Lidov A. M. Ierotopija: Prostranstvennye ikony i obrazy-paradigmy v vizantijskoj kul'ture, Moskva, 2009.
  22. Lotman Ju. M. Nepredskazuemye mehanizmy kul'tury. Tallinn, 2010.
  23. Lotman Ju. M. Semiosfera. M., 2006.
  24. Maksakovskij V. P. Geograficheskaja kul'tura. M., 1998.
  25. Ragulina M. V. Kul'turnaja geografija: teorija, metody, regional'nyj sintez. Irkutsk, 2004.
  26. Trubina E. G. Gorod v teorii: opyty osmyslenija prostranstva. M., 2011.
  27. Fadeeva T. M. Krym v sakral'nom prostranstve. Simferopol', 2002.
  28. Kul'turnyj landshaft Russkogo Severa/Otv. red. A. A. Ivanova, V. N. Kaluckov. M., 1998.
  29. Streleckij V. N. Kul'turnaja geografija v Rossii: osobennosti formirovanija i puti razvitija//Izvestija RAN. Ser. geograficheskaja. 2008. № 5.
  30. Suwij S. Ja., Druzhinin A. G. Ocherki geografii russkoj kul'tury. Rostov-n/D, 1994.
  31. A companion to cultural geography/ed. by James S. Duncan, Nuala Christina Johnson, Richard H. Schein. 2004. 529 p.
  32. Bridging the Gap: Connecting Christian Faith and Professional Practice in a Pluralistic Society/Dort College Press, 2009.
  33. Carl Sauer on Culture and Landscape: Readings and Commentaries, edited by William M. Denevan and Kent Mathewson. Baton Rouge LU Prss, 2009.
  34. David Atkinson. Cultural geography. Wiley-Blackwell, 2005.
  35. Debres, Karen. Burgers for Britain: A Cultural Geography of McDonald's UK. Journal of Cultural Geography. 2005.
  36. Donald, Mitchell. Cultural Geography: A Critical Introduction. 2000. 352 p.
  37. Fabian J. Memory against Culture. Duce Univ. Press, 2007.
  38. Fabian J. Moments of Freedom: Anthropology and Popular Culture. Unov. Press of Virginia, 2008 (2-nd ed.)
  39. Handbook of Cultural Geography/ed. by K. Andersson, M/Domosh, S. Pile, and N. Thrift. Sage Press, 2003 (first edition).
  40. Peet, Richard. Modern Geographical Thought; Blackwell; 1998.
  41. Postmodernism and the Postsocialist Condition: Politicized art under socialism/ed. by Martin Erjavec. Univ. of California Press, 2003.
  42. Social and Cultural Geography. Routledge Press, Vol. 12, 2010.
  43. Zelinsky W. Globalization Reconsidered: The Historical Geography of Modern Western Male Attire//Journal of Cultural Geography. 2004.
  44. Zelinsky W. This Remarkable Continent: An Atlas of North American Society and Cultures. (with John F. Rooney, Jr., Dean Louder, and John D. Vitek) College Station: Texas A&M University Press. 1982.
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Ivan MITIN

Russia, Moscow.
Russian Research Institute for Cultural and Natural Heritage.
Senior researcher.

Cultural Geography in the USSR and Post-Soviet Russia: The History of Development and Main Traits of Originality

The history of the development of cultural (initially socio-cultural) geography in the USSR is the main topic of the article. The subject first appeared in the 1930s-1940s with no regard for either the Russian school of anthropogeography or the emerging C. Sauer tradition in cultural landscape studies. Attempts to integrate cultural geography within Soviet geography during the period spanning 1940–1980 are described. The main reasons for establishment, the conceptual framework and unique features of 'humanitarian geography', newly established in Post-Soviet Russia, are discussed. A comparison between the original Russian school and leading Western concepts — like geosophy, geographical epistemology, new cultural geography and humanistic geography — is made.

Key words: cultural geography, humanitarian geography, cultural landscape, new cultural geography, humanistic geography, cultural turn, spatial turn, geosophy, history of geography

References

  1. Streleckij V. N. Geograficheskoe prostranstvo i kul'tura: mirovozzrencheskie ustanovki i issledovatel'skie paradigmy v kul'turnoj geografii//Izvestija RAN. Ser. geogr. 2002. №4. C. 18.
  2. Berg L. S. Predmet i zadachi geografii//Izvestija IRGO. 1915. T. 51. №9. S. 463-475.
  3. Berg L. S. Landshaftno-geograficheskie zony SSSR. Ch. 1. M.-L.: Sel'hozgiz, 1931.
  4. Sauer C. O. The morphology of landscape//Publications in geography. Berkeley: University of California, 1925. Vol. 2. No. 2. P. 19-53.
  5. Baranskij N. N. O sozdanii serii jekonomiko-geograficheskih monografij po respublikam i oblastjam//Baranskij N. N. Jekonomicheskaja geografija. Jekonomicheskaja kartografija. Izd. 2-e. M.: Geografgiz, 1960. S. 85.
  6. Kabo R. M. Priroda i chelovek v ih vzaimnyh otnoshenijah kak predmet social'no-kul'turnoj geografii//Voprosy geografii. Sb. 5. Geografija naselenija. M.: OGIZ, 1947. C. 16-17.
  7. Entrikin, 1994, 1996, 1997; Rowntree, 1986, 1988. 10 Hartshorne R. The nature of geography. A critical survey of current thought in the light of the past//Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 1939. Vol. 29. No. 3. P. 173-645.
  8. Nikolaenko D. V. Dzhon Rajt i Karl Zaujer kak osnovopolozhniki gumanisticheskoj geografii Zapada. Simferopol': Simferopol'skij gos. un-t, 1982. Dep. VINITI №5991-82.
  9. Wright J. K. Terrae incognitae: The place of the imagination in geography//Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 1947. Vol. 37. No. 1. P. 1-15.
  10. Lowenthal D. Geography, experience and imagination: Towards a geographical epistemology//Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 1961. Vol. 51. No. 3. P. 241-260.
  11. Saushkin Ju. G. Kul'turnyj landshaft//Voprosy geografii. Sb. 1. M.: OGIZ, 1946. S. 97-106.
  12. Mil'kov F. N. Slovar'-spravochnik po fizicheskoj geografii. M.: Geografgiz, 1960. C. 85.
  13. Isachenko A. G. O dvuh traktovkah ponjatija «kul'turnyj landshaft»//Izvestija RGO. 2003. T. 135. №1. S. 5-16.
  14. Gohman V. M. Obwestvennaja geografija, ee suwnost', struktura//Voprosy geografii. Sb. 122. Teoreticheskie aspekty geografii. M.: Mysl', 1984. C. 63.
  15. Lavrov S. B. Stanovlenie social'noj geografii: mnimye protivorechija i real'nye problemy//Social'naja geografija Kaliningradskoj oblasti. Kaliningrad: Izd-vo Kaliningradskogo un-ta, 1982. S. 17.
  16. Andrianov B. V., Cheboksarov N. N. Istoriko-jetnograficheskie oblasti (Problemy istoriko-jetnograficheskogo rajonirovanija)//Sovetskaja jetnografija. 1975. №3. S. 15-25.
  17. Geografija segodnja/Pod red. I. P. Gerasimova, V. S. Preobrazhenskogo. M.: Znanie, 1984. S. 47.
  18. Agafonov N. T. O suwnosti i osnovnyh zadachah sovetskoj social'noj geografii//Izvestija VGO. 1984. T. 116. №3. S. 205-211.
  19. Dmitrevskaja N. F., Dmitrevskij Ju. D. Problemy infrastruktury v novyh napravlenijah jekonomicheskoj i social'noj geografii//Social'no-jekonomicheskie i jekologicheskie aspekty geografii. L.: Izd-vo Leningr. un-ta, 1983. S. 83.
  20. Druzhinin A. G. Geografija kul'tury: teoretiko-metodologicheskij aspekt. Rostov-na-Donu: Sev.-Kav. filial GO AN SSSR, 1989. S. 69.
  21. Druzhinin A. G. Metodologicheskie osnovy geograficheskih issledovanij kul'tury//Izvestija VGO. 1989b. T. 121. Vyp. 1. S. 61.
  22. Druzhinin A. G., Suwij S. Ja. Geografija russkoj kul'tury: podhody k issledovaniju//Izvestija RGO. 1993. T. 125. №6. S. 27-36.; Suwij S. Ja., Druzhinin A. G. Ocherki geografii russkoj kul'tury. Rostov-n/D: Izd-vo SKNC VSh, 1994
  23. Kovalev E. M. Gumanitarnaja geografija Rossii. M.: Varjag, 1995.; Zamjatin D. N. Gumanitarnaja geografija: Prostranstvo i jazyk geograficheskih obrazov. SPb.: Aletejja, 2003. S. 5.
  24. Zamjatina N. Ju., Mitin I. I. Gumanitarnaja geografija//Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija. T. 8. Grigor'ev — Dinamika. M.: Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija, 2007. S. 151.
  25. Zamjatina N. Ju., Mitin I. I. Gumanitarnaja geografija//Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija. T. 8. Grigor'ev — Dinamika. M.: Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija, 2007.
  26. Vedenin, 1997; Isachenko G. A., 2003; Kaganskij, 2001; Kaluckov, 2000, 2008; Kul'turnaja…, 2001; Kul'turnyj…, 2004; Lavrenova, 2003, 2010; Simonov, 1998; Turovskij, 1998.
  27. Zamjatin, 1999, 2003, 2006; Zamjatina, 2001, 2004; Kolomejceva, 2003; Lavrenova, 1998; Chihichin, 2006.
  28. Krylov M. P. Prostranstvennaja differenciacija regional'noj identichnosti v Evropejskoj Rossii//Goroda i gorodskie aglomeracii v regional'nom razvitii/Pod red. Ju. G. Lipeca. M.: IG RAN, 2003; Kul'turnaja geografija/Nauch. red. Ju. A. Vedenin, R. F. Turovskij. M.: Institut Nasledija, 2001.
  29. Kul'turnyj landshaft kak ob#ekt nasledija/Pod red. Ju. A. Vedenina, M. E. Kuleshovoj. M.: Institut Nasledija; SPb.: Dmitrij Bulanin, 2004. S. 133-142.
  30. Isachenko G. A. Kul'turnyj landshaft i processy zapustenija//Kul'turnyj landshaft: Teoreticheskie i regional'nye issledovanija. Tretij jubilejnyj vypusk trudov seminara «Kul'turnyj landshaft»/Otv. red. V. N. Kaluckov, T. M. Krasovskaja. M.: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 2003. S. 8.
  31. Kaluckov V. N. Landshaft v kul'turnoj geografii. M.: Novyj hronograf, 2008. S. 51-64.
  32. Vedenin Ju. A. Ocherki po geografii iskusstva. M.: In-t Nasledija; SPb.: Dmitrij Bulanin, 1997.
  33. Kul'turnyj landshaft kak ob#ekt nasledija/Pod red. Ju. A. Vedenina, M. E. Kuleshovoj. M.: Institut Nasledija; SPb.: Dmitrij Bulanin, 2004.
  34. Kaganskij V. L. Kul'turnyj landshaft i sovetskoe obitaemoe prostranstvo. M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2001.
  35. Kaluckov V. N. Osnovy jetnokul'turnogo landshaftovedenija. M.: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 2000.
  36. Kaluckov V. N. Jetnokul'turnoe landshaftovedenie i koncepcija kul'turnogo landshafta//Kul'turnyj landshaft: Voprosy teorii i metodologii issledovanij/Seminar «Kul'turnyj landshaft»: vtoroj tematicheskij vypusk dokladov. M.— Smolensk: Izd-vo SGU, 1998.
  37. Zamjatin D. N. Modelirovanie geograficheskih obrazov: Prostranstvo gumanitarnoj geografii. Smolensk: Ojkumena, 1999.
  38. Zamjatin D. N. Geograficheskij obraz [Materialy k slovarju gumanitarnoj geografii]//Gumanitarnaja geografija: Nauchnyj i kul'turno-prosvetitel'skij al'manah. Vyp. 4/Otv. red. i sost. D. N. Zamjatin. M.: Institut Nasledija, 2007. S. 273.
  39. Zamjatina N. Ju. Geograficheskij obraz (2) [Materialy k slovarju gumanitarnoj geografii]//Gumanitarnaja geografija: Nauchnyj i kul'turno-prosvetitel'skij al'manah. Vyp. 6/Otv. red. I. I. Mitin; sost. D. N. Zamjatin. M.: Institut Nasledija, 2008.
  40. Zamjatina N. Ju. Vzaimosvjazi geograficheskih obrazov v stranovedenii: Avtoref. diss. … kand. geogr. nauk. M., 2001. S. 6.
  41. Krylov M. P. Regional'naja identichnost' [Materialy k slovarju gumanitarnoj geografii]//Gumanitarnaja geografija: Nauchnyj i kul'turno-prosvetitel'skij al'manah. Vyp. 2/Otv. red. i sost. D. N. Zamjatin. M.: Institut Nasledija, 2005. S. 356.
  42. Manakov A. G. Geokul'turnoe prostranstvo severo-zapada Russkoj ravniny: dinamika, struktura, ierarhija. Pskov: Vozrozhdenie, 2002.
  43. Rowntree L.B., Conkey M.W. Symbolism and cultural landscape//Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 1980. Vol. 70. No. 4, p. 461.
  44. Tuan Ti-Fu Space and place: humanistic perspective//Progress in geography. 1974. Vol. 6. p. 23.
  45. Cosgrove D., Jackson P. New directions in cultural geography//Area. 1987. Vol. 19. No. 2, p. 96.
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Vladimir KAGANSKIY

Russia, Moskow.
Department of  physical geography and natural resources, Institute of Geography,
Russian Academy of Sciences, research associate

A Holistic Investigation of the Russian Cultural Landscape

The method of investigation is discussed as a complex expert examination, based on a theoretical geographical approach together with travelling and landscape hermeneutics. The spatial forms and semantics of landscape are the main focus of the article. The article presents the major findings of long-term investigations and views of the author regarding a conception of cultural landscape, in general, and the cultural landscape of Russia, in particular.

Key words: landscape hermeneutics, state, empire, conception, cultural landscape, landscape, space, scientific travelling, Russia, theoretical geography

References

  1. Kaganskij V. L. Kul'turnyj landshaft: osnovnye koncepcii v rossijskoj geografii//Observatorija kul'tury: zhurnal-obozrenie. — 2009. — № 1. S. 62-70.
  2. Kaganskij V.L. Prirodno-gosudarstvennyj landshaft Severnoj Evrazii: teoreticheskaja geografija//Social'no-jekonomicheskaja geografija: tradicii i sovremennost'. M., Smolensk: Ojkumena, 2009. S. 78-100.
  3. Kaganskij V. L. Kul'turnyj landshaft i sovetskoe obitaemoe prostranstvo. M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2001, 576 s.
  4. Kaganskij V. L. Metodologicheskie zametki o sovremennom rossievedenii//Kentavr. Metodologicheskij i igrotehnicheskij al'manah. Vyp. 33, 2004. C. 61-64.
  5. Berg L. S. Landshaftno-geograficheskie zony SSSR. Ch. 1. — M.; L.: Sel'hozgiz, 1931.
  6. Kazus: individual'noe i unikal'noe v istorii. 1999. (vyp. 2). M.: Rossijsk. Gos. Gumanit. Un-t. 1999. 370 s.
  7. Kaganskij V. L. Rossija — SSSR segodnja? Sravnitel'nyj portret prostranstv. // Obwestvennye nauki i sovremennost', 2005, № 2, 2005, № 3. S. 70-82, 2005, № 4, S. 100-112, Kaganskij V. L. Teoreticheskaja geografija // Gumanitarnaja geografija. Vyp. 5. M.: Institut nasledija, 2008. S. 284-288; Kaganskij V. L. Nacional'naja model' kul'turnogo landshafta // Gumanitarnaja geografija. — Vyp. 6. — M.: Institut Nasledija, 2010. C. 293-296.
  8. Kaganskij V. L. Puteshestvie v landshafte i puteshestvie v kul'ture // Kul'tura v sovremennom mire: opyt, problemy, reshenija. 2001, vyp. 2. C. 3-18; Kaganskij V. L. Puteshestvija i granicy // Kul'turnoe prostranstvo puteshestvij. 8-10 aprelja 2003 g. Tezisy foruma. — SPb., Centr izuchenija kul'tury: 2003.
  9. Kaganskij V. L. Postsovetskaja kul'tura: vid iz landshafta//Observatorija kul'tury. Zhurnal-obozrenie. 2006, 3.
  10. Kordonskij S. G. Rynki vlasti: Administrativnye rynki SSSR i Rossii. M.: OGI, 2000. 238 s. Najshul' V.A. Vysshaja i poslednjaja stadija socializma//Pogruzhenie v trjasinu. M.: Progress, 1991.
  11. Ahiezer A. Rossijskoe prostranstvo kak predmet osmyslenija//Otechestvennye zapiski, № 6, 2002. Jakovenko I. G. Rossijskoe gosudarstvo: nacional'nye interesy, granicy, perspektivy. Novosibirsk.: «Sibirskij hronograf», 1999. 221 c.
  12. Shrejder Ju. A. Slozhnye sistemy i kosmologicheskie prinicpy.//Sistemnye issledovanija-1975. Ezhegodnik. M., 1976. S. 149-171, Chebanov S. V. Peterburg. Rossija. Socium. — Vil'njus: AB VLANI¸ 2004. 724 c. Zherihin V. V. Osnovnye zakonomernosti filocenogeneticheskih processov (na primere nemorskih soobwestv mezozoja i kajnozoja). Avt. dis.... d. b. n. v forme nauchnogo doklada. M, 1997. 80 s.
  13. Kaganskij V. L. Vnutrennjaja periferija: novaja zona kul'turnogo landshafta//Izv. RAN., ser. geograf. (v pechati).
  14. Kaganskij V. L. Regionalizacija, regionalizm, postregionalizacija // Intellektual'nye i informacionnye resursy i struktury dlja regional'nogo razvitija. M.: IG RAN, 2002b. S. 12-18., Kaganskij V. L. Rossija — SSSR segodnja? Sravnitel'nyj portret prostranstv. // Obwestvennye nauki i sovremennost', 2005, № 2, 2005, № 3. S. 70-82, 2005, № 4. S. 100-112.
  15. Kaganskij V. L. Rossija. Provincija. Landshaft//Otechestvennye zapiski. 2006b, № 6. S. 244-257.
  16. Nefedova T. G. Sel'skaja Rossija na pereput'e. M.: Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2003. 403 s.
  17. Rodoman B. B., Kaganskij V. L. Russkaja savanna//Geografija, 2004, № 5 (732). S. 3-11.
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Olga LAVRENYOVA

Russia, Moskow.
Russian Research Institute of Cultural and Natural Heritage named after D. Likhachev.
Leading researcher, PhD in Philosophy.

Semantics of the Cultural Landscape and Poetic Metaphors

The article discusses the semantics of a cultural landscape, defined by poetic metaphors. Poetry brings new images into the well established interaction between culture and space. At the same time, there is the priority of the poetic image, including spatial metaphors, which belongs to the area where creative consciousness depends on the sphere of the unconscious, expressed in cultural codes which, in turn, are themselves transformed, once the image is born. Using place names metaphorically brings a semantic aura to the relevant geographic object. It is a kind of discursive practice of culture in relation to space.

Key words: cultural landscape, semantics, poetry, metaphor

References

  1. Gusev S. S. Smysl vozmozhnogo. Konnotacionnaja semantika. SPb., 2002. S. 219.
  2. Baranov A. N. Lingvisticheskaja jekspertiza teksta: teorija i praktika: uchebnoe posobie. M.: Flinta: Nauka, 2007. S. 75.
  3. Rikjor P. Zhivaja metafora//Teorija metafory. M.: Progress, 1990. S. 453.
  4. Bashljar G. Izbrannoe: Pojetika prostranstva. M.: ROSSPJeN, 2004. S 190.
  5. Pavlovich N. V. Slovar' pojeticheskih obrazov. Na materiale russkoj hudozhestvennoj literatury XVIII — XX vekov. V 2 t. T. 1. M.: Jeditorial URSS, 1999. S. XXVIII.
  6. Ortega-i-Gaset H. Degumanizacija iskusstva//Samosoznanie evropejskoj kul'tury HH veka. M.: Izdatel'stvo politicheskoj literatury, 1991. S. 251.
  7. Gachev G. Nacional'nye obrazy mira: Amerika v sravnenii s Rossiej i slavjanstvom. M., 1997. S. 622.
  8. Belyj A. Peterburg.//Russkie stolicy Moskva i Peterburg. — M., 1993.
  9. Gettner A. Evropejskaja Rossija. Antropogeograficheskij jetjud//Russkie stolicy Moskva i Peterburg. — M., 1993.
  10. Baranov A. N. O tipah sochetaemosti metaforicheskih modelej//Voprosy jazykoznanija. 2003, № 2.
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Boris RODOMAN

Russia, Moskow.
Russian Scientific Research Institute of a cultural and natural heritage.
Center of Humanitarian Research of space.

Traditional Cultural Landscape: Basic Problems of Typology, Regionalization and Imagination

Typology and regionalization (zoning) are the major methods representing typical samples of the traditional exurban landscape, which deserves preservation as uniquely protected areas. Problems are considered with regard to the European part of Russia, specific types of landscaped areas, such as those in and around the environs of Moscow.

Key words: typology, regionalization (zoning), cultural landscape, the countryside, historical provinces (areas), the North and South of the Russian plain

References

  1. Rodoman B. B. Territorial'nye arealy i seti. Ocherki teoreticheskoj geografii. — Smolensk: Ojkumena, 1999. Rodoman B. B. Geografija, rajonirovanie, kartoidy. Sbornik trudov. — Smolensk: Ojkumena, 2007.
  2. Nefjodova T. G. Sel'skaja Rossija na pereput'e: Geograficheskie ocherki. — M.: Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2003. Nefjodova T. G., Pjellot Dzh. Neizvestnoe sel'skoe hozjajstvo, ili Zachem nuzhna korova? — M.: Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2006.
  3. Smirnjagin L. V. Russkie v prostranstve i prostranstvo v russkih: chuvstvo prostranstva v russkoj kul'ture//Smirnjagin L. V. Obwestvennaja geografija. Federalizm. Regionalizm: Publikacii 1989 — 2005 godov. — M.: KomKniga, 2005. S. 26-31.
  4. Krylov M. P. Regional'naja identichnost' v Evropejskoj Rossii. — M.: Novyj hronograf, 2010.
  5. Prirodnoe i sel'skohozjajstvennoe rajonirovanie SSSR/Voprosy geografii, sb. 55. — M.: Geografgiz, 1961.
  6. Solncev N. A. (red.) i dr. Morfologicheskaja struktura geograficheskogo landshafta. — M.: MGU, 1962.
  7. Rodoman B. B. Pejzazh Rossii//Rodoman B. B. Poljarizovannaja biosfera: Sbornik statej. — Smolensk: Ojkumena, 2002. S. 240-273.
  8. Chizhkov A. B. Podmoskovnye usad'by segodnja. Putevoditel' s kartoj-shemoj. Izd. 2-e. — M.: Pal'mir, 2002.
  9. Kaganskij V. L. Glavnoe svidetel'stvo//Kaganskij V. L. Kul'turnyj landshaft i sovetskoe obitaemoe prostranstvo: Sbornik statej. — M.: NLO, 2001. S. 448-475.
  10. Aljohin V. V. Geobotanicheskie karty Moskovskoj oblasti//Atlas Moskovskoj oblasti. — M., 1934.
  11. Prirodnoe i sel'skohozjajstvennoe rajonirovanie SSSR/Voprosy geografii, sb. 55. — M.: Geografgiz, 1961.
  12. Zamjatin D. N. Modelirovanie geograficheskih obrazov: Prostranstvo gumanitarnoj geografii. — Smolensk: Ojkumena, 1999.
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Vitaliy DARENSKIY

Ukraine, Kiev.
National Academy of Personnel Management / Center of Arts and Culture. Department of Theory and History of Culture.
PhD, Seigneur Lecturer.

Novorossia: The "Wound of Modernity"

The details of Novorossia, as a cultural region, are analyzed in this article. In addition, the worldview forms of intensive Modernity as a historical fact are also discussed. The phenomenon of an "existential wound", as a specific motive of Novorossian mentality and world-experience is examined in article. In addition, special attention is devoted to interpreting some historiosophic senses of the phenomenon of "New Russia". Finally, the article proposes the conception of Novorossia's regional identity.

Key words: Novorossia, modernity, identity, region, worldview

References

  1. Krymskij S. B. Russkoe soobwestvo Ukrainy (RSU)//Russkij mir Ukrainy. Jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. — K.: Raduga, 2008. S. 150.
  2. Filatov A. S. Rossijskij sociokul'turnyj faktor na Ukraine i v Krymu//Sb. mat. nauchno-praktich. konf. «Krym v kontekste Russkogo mira: jazyk i kul'tura»/Otv. red. A. S. Filatov. — Simferopol': «Tavrija», 2004. S. 46-47.
  3. Gorizontov L. E. Novye zemli imperii v zerkale kul'turnyh tradicij: Novorossija G. P. Danilevskogo//Landshafty kul'tury. Slavjanskij mir. — M.: Progress-Tradicija, 2007.
  4. Bicilli P. M. Problema russko-ukrainskih otnoshenij v svete istorii//Bicilli P. M. Izbrannye trudy po filologii/Otv. red. chlen-korr. RAN V. N. Jarceva. — M.: Izd. «Nasledie», 1996. S. 126.
  5. Bagalij D. I. Istorija Slobids'koї Ukraїni. — H.: «Del'ta», 1993. S. 174.
  6. Dal' V. N. Izbrannye proizvedenija. — M.: «Pravda», 1983. S. 207.
  7. Tolstoj L. N. Vojna i mir: Tom tretij//Tolstoj L. N. Sobr. soch. v 12-ti tomah. — T.V. — M.: Pravda, 1984. S. 151.
  8. Kozhinov V. V. Rossija kak unikal'naja civilizacija i kul'tura//Kozhinov V. V. Pobedy i bedy Rossii. — M.:JeKSMO-Press, 2002.
  9. Gorizontov L. E. Novye zemli imperii v zerkale kul'turnyh tradicij: Novorossija G. P. Danilevskogo S. 142.
  10. Danilevskij G. P. Beglye v Novorossii//Danilevskij G. P. Romany. — M.: Hud. lit., 1987. S. 135.
  11. Danilevskij G. P. Novye mesta. Roman.//Russkij Vestnik. 1867. — № 2. S. 612.
  12. Morozov E. Kak nam sohranit' Dal'nij Vostok?//Moskva. — 2005. № 11. S. 121-122.
  13. Ul'janov N. I. Ukrainskij separatizm. — M.: Jeksmo; Algoritm, 2004. S. 177-194.
  14. Bondarenko D. Ja. Ukrainskij nacional'nyj proekt: istorija stanovlenija//Sociogumanitarnaja situacija v Rossii v svete globalizacionnyh processov. — M.: MGU, 2008. S. 73.
  15. Panarin A.S. Rossija v sociokul'turnom prostranstve Evrazii//Moskva. — 2004. № 4. S. 185.
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Nadezhda ZAMYATINA

Russia, Moskow.
Moscow State University. Faculty of Geography. Leading researcher. Heritage Institute (Moscow).
Senior staff scientist. PhD in Geography.

The Sense of Location: Place in Mental-Geographical Spaces

The article examines the basic terms of space images' explanation in traditional geography: the concept of a territory, mental-geographic location, etc. Fundamental Russian cultural stereotypes of geographical location description are characterized. Two types of territory images are described; both have special structural ties with other territory images within a mental space.

Key words: concept of territory, mental-geographic space, description of a place location, conceptosphere, Russian cultural stereotypes

References

  1. Rodoman B. B. Geografija, rajonirovanie, kartoidy: Sbornik trudov. Smolensk: Ojkumena. 2007.
  2. Kubrjakova E. S., Dem'jankov V. Z., Pankrac Ju. G., Luzina L. G. Kratkij slovar' kognitivnyh terminov/Pod obwej redakciej E. S. Kubrjakovoj. — M.: Filol. f-t MGU im. M. V. Lomonosova, 1997. 245 s.
  3. Lihachev D. S. Konceptosfera russkogo jazyka//Izvestija RAN. Ser. lit. i jaz. 1993. T. 52. № 1. S. 3-9.
  4. Stepanov Ju. S. Konstanty: Slovar' russkoj kul'tury: Izd. 2-e, ispr. i dop. M.: Akademicheskij Proekt, 2001. S. 43.
  5. Najsser U. Poznanie i real'nost'. Smysl i principy kognitivnoj psihologii. Blagovewensk: BGK im. Bodujena de Kurtenje, 1998. S. 126.
  6. Zamjatina N. Ju. Kognitivnaja geografija: predmet i osnovnye ponjatija//Territorial'naja struktura hozjajstva i obwestva zarubezhnogo mira/Voprosy jekonomicheskoj i politicheskoj geografii zarubezhnyh stran. Vyp. 18. M. Smolensk: Ojkumena, 2009. S. 57-69.
  7. Berljant A. M. Obraz prostranstva: karta i informacija. M.: Mysl', 1986. S. 62-83.
  8. Gold Dzh. Psihologija i geografija. Osnovy povedencheskoj geografii. Per. s angl. i vvod. st. S. V. Fedulova. M.: Progress, 1990. 302 s.
  9. Rodoman B. B. Territorial'nye arealy i seti. Ocherki teoreticheskoj geografii. Smolensk: Ojkumena, 1999. S. 76-81.
  10. Skrebcova T. G. Jazykovye blendy v teorii konceptual'noj integracii Zh. Fokon'e, I. M. Ternera//RESPECTUS PHILOLOGICUS. 2002. № 2(7). URL: http://filologija.vukhf.lt/2-7/skrebcova.htm. Sm. takzhe: Fauconnier G. Mental Spaces. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press., 1985.
  11. Zamjatina N. Ju. Obraz regiona kak «pamjat'» ob istoriko-geograficheskom kontekste ego vozniknovenija (na primere krupnyh regionov SShA)//Vestnik istoricheskoj geografii. № 2. M. — Smolensk: Ojkumena, 2001. S. 31-40.
  12. Kubrjakova E. S., Dem'jankov V. Z., Pankrac Ju. G. Luzina L. G. Kratkij slovar' kognitivnyh terminov/Pod obwej redakciej E.S. Kubrjakovoj. — M.: Filol. f-t MGU im. M. V. Lomonosova, 1997. 245 s.
  13. Zamjatina N. Ju. Variacii regional'nyh obrazov: kognitivno-geograficheskie konteksty // Polis. 2004. № 5. S. 85-97. Zamjatina N. Ju. Goroda, rajony i strany v politicheskom rel'efe rossijskih regionov. Po materialam oficial'nyh sajtov sub#ektov RF // Polis. 2006. № 2. S. 122-138.
  14. Toporov V. N. Peterburg i «Peterburgskij tekst russkoj literatury» (Vvedenie v temu)//Toporov V. N. Mif. Ritual. Simvol. Obraz: Issledovanija v oblasti mifopojeticheskogo: Izbrannoe. M.: Izdatel'skaja gruppa «Progress» — «Kul'tura», 1995. S. 259-367.
  15. Girc K. Interpretacija kul'tur. Per. s angl. M.: «Rossijskaja politicheskaja jenciklopedija» (ROSSPJeN), 2004. 560 s. (Serija «Kul'turologija. XX vek»).
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Olga KROKINSKAYA

Russia, St-Petersburg.
The State Russian Herzen Pedagogical University (Herzen University).
Professor, Doctor of Social Sciences

Other Names for the Russian Dilemma: East — West

The problem of West-East connotations in Russian culture, and the social culture of post-Soviet Russia, continues to attract the attention of researchers. This article attempts to examine the subject in terms of sociosemiotics. Several socio-cultural values of relating to "western" and "eastern" characteristics are analyzed for this purpose. These include educational setting, the manifestation of gender stereotypes, as evidence of heterogeneity of thought in the aspect of functional brain asymmetry, and methods of data processing and interpretation of phenomena. In addition, the article deals with mythological and rational elements in the modern mentality and discusses modern people's relations to "western" vs. "eastern" civilizations; specifically, the U.S. and Asia. Moreover, it alsorefers to the adaptive nature of social archaism within the framework ofthe imperfect and incomplete structuralization of society. Empirical data regarding these aspects are presented from studies conducted by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR).

Key words: sociosemiotics, culture, sociology of culture, mental stereotypes, social unconsciousness, the "west-east" dilemma, socio-cultural values, gender characteristics of the society, archaic and modern

References

  1. Hofstede G. and Associates. Masculinity and Femininity. The Taboo Dimension of National Cul-tures. Sage Publications. 1998.
  2. Sitaram K. S., Kogdell R. T. Osnovy mezhkul'turnoj kommunikacii//Chelovek. Illjustrirovannyj obwestvenno-politicheskij i nauchno-populjarnyj zhurnal. 1992. № 2-5.
  3. Krokinskaja O. K. Tak k kakoj zhe civilizacii my prinadlezhim?//Sikevich Z. V., Krokinskaja O. K., Possel' Ju. A. Peterburzhcy. Jetnonacional'nye aspekty massovogo soznanija. Sociologicheskie ocherki/Pod red. Z. V. Sikevich. Spb., 1995.
  4. Berdjaev N. A. Sud'ba Rossii. M., 1990. S.22-29.
  5. Kon I. Muzhchina v menjajuwemsja mire. M.: Vremja, 2009. S. 110-113.
  6. Ivanov Vjach. Vs. Nejrosemioticheskij podhod k znakovym sistemam iskusstva//Chelovek v sisteme nauk. M.: Nauka., 1989. S. 351-361.
  7. Tulinov D. Izmenchivyj mozg//http://www.strf.ru/material.aspx?d_no=24713&CatalogId=353&print=1
  8. Lotman Ju. M. Asimmetrija i dialog//Lotman Ju. M. Izbrannye stat'i. V 3-h tt. T. 1. Tallinn, 1992.
  9. Lotman Ju. M. Vnutri mysljawih mirov/Ju. M. Lotman. Semiosfera. SPb.: «Iskusstvo-SPb», 2001. S. 250-256.
  10. Panchenko A. M. Russkaja kul'tura v kanun petrovskih reform. L.: Nauka. 1984. S. 6.
  11. Krokinskaja O. K. Social'noe bessoznatel'noe i social'noe razvitie // Sikevich Z. V., Krokinskaja O. K., Possel' Ju. A. Social'noe bessoznatel'noe. SPb.: Izd-vo Piter, 2004. S. 14-98. Sm. takzhe: Krokinskaja O. K. Kul'tura i struktura: institucializacija mifa. Peterburgskij mif v social'nyh praktikah goroda // Chelovek i obwestvo. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov NIIKSI pri SPbGU. Vyp. XXXI. SPB.: Izd-vo SPbGU, 2005. S. 157-183.
  12. Popper K. Otkrytoe obwestvo i ego vragi. V 2-h tt. M.: Kul'turnaja iniciativa. 1992.
  13. Braginskij V. I. Vostokovedenie//Kul'turologija XX vek. Slovar'. SPb.: Universitetskaja kniga, 1997.
  14. Naumova N. F. Recidivirujuwaja modernizacija v Rossii: beda, vina ili resurs chelovechestva. M.: Jeditorial, 1999.
  15. Pivovarov Ju., Fursov A. Russkaja Sistema i reformy//Pro et contra. Tom 4. № 4. Osen' 1999.
  16. Lotman Ju. M., Uspenskij B. A. Mif — imja — kul'tura//Trudy po znakovym sistemam. Tom. VI. Uchenye zapiski Tartuskogo gosudarstvennogo. universiteta. Vyp. 308. Tartu, 1973. S. 282-303.
  17. Krokinskaja O. K. Narodnaja teorija normativnogo nigilizma i problema nravstvennosti. — Doklad na III Vserossijskom sociologicheskom kongresse «Sociologija i obwestvo: puti vzaimodejstvija» (Moskva, 21-24 oktjabrja 2008 g.) http://www.isras.ru/publications_bank/1228050590.pdf
  18. Bodei R. Politika i princip nereal'nosti/POLIT.RU/Publichnye lekcii/http://www.polit.ru/lectures/2005/04/27/bodei.html
  19. Vostok-Zapad. Slovarnaja stat'ja. Slavjanskaja mifologija. Jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. M.: JeLLIS LAK, 1995. S. 120-122.
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Oxana KARNAUKHOVA

Russia, Rostov-on-Don.
Southern Federal University, Faculty of Philosophy and Cultural Studies,
Chair of Theory of Culture, Ethics and Aesthetics, associate professor, PhD.

Reconfiguration of Space in the Discourse of Postcoloniality

The article considers space issues and spatial changes within the framework of the globalization process, which is connected to the methodological intervention of geography in the sphere of cultural studies. Globalization is defined as a procedure related to the adoption of space, but also to its reconfiguration — the transformation of "geographically noticed" territory into a "culturally developed" place. Cultural geography's approach allows one to consider globalization within the context of the world's postcolonial development. The specific role of these processes is played by borders and the procedures for overcoming and crossing them. In a sense, space means finding the status of a symbolic capital, in accordance to which the system of communications is set up.

Key words: territory, space, place, globalization, postcoloniality, cultural imperialism, border, transfer

References

  1. Sassen S. Losing control? Sovereignty in An Age of Globalization. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.
  2. Ruggie, John Gerard. International Structure and International Transformation: Space, Time and Method//Global Changes and Theoretical Challenges. James,N. Rosenau and Ernst-Otto Czempiel, eds. USA: Lexington Books, 1989.
  3. Lefevr A. Social'noe prostranstvo//Neprikosnovennyj zapas. 2010, №2(70). URL: http://magazines.russ.ru/nz/(data obrawenija 29.11.2011)
  4. Harvey D. Spaces of Global Capitalism: Towards a Theory of Uneven Geographical Development, Oxford University Press, 2006.
  5. Arrigi Dzh. Utrata gegemonii-I. URL://http://www.politizdat.ru/fragment/55/(data obrawenija 29.11.2011)
  6. Vallerstajn I. Konec znakomogo mira: Sociologija XXI veka/Per. s angl. pod red. B. L. Inozemceva; Centr issledovanij postindustrial'nogo obwestva. — M.: Logos, 2003.
  7. Habermas Ju. Divided West. Sage. 2006.
  8. Arrigi Dzh. Utrata gegemonii-I. URL: http://www.politizdat.ru/fragment/55/
  9. Morley D. EurAm, modernity, reason and alterity: or, postmodernism, the highest stage of cultural imperialism?//Stuart Hall. Critical Dialogues an Cultural Studies. Ed. By D. Morley and Kuan-Hsing Chen. London, Sage. 2005.
  10. Sassen S. Territory, Authority, Rights. Princeton University Press, 2006.
  11. Bart F. Jetnicheskie gruppy i social'nye granicy. Social'naja organizacija kul'turnyh razlichij. M, Prof-Press. 2006. S. 10.
  12. Balibar E. Europe as borderland//Environment and Planning Digital Society and Space. 2009. V. 27.
  13. Young Robert J. C. Postcolonialism. A very short introduction. Oxford University Press. 2003. C. 138.
  14. Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in Cultural Studies/Ed. by David Morley and Kuan-Hsing Chen. Routledge, 2004. S. 332
  15. Ujebster F. Teorii informacionnogo' obwestva. — M.: Aspekt Press, 2004.
  16. Harrison L. Glavnaja istina liberalizma. M, Liberal'naja missija. 2008.
  17. Delanty G. Modernity and Postmodernity. Knowledge, Power and the Self. Sage. 2000.
  18. Bek U. Vlast' i ee opponenty v jepohu globalizma. Novaja vsemirno-politicheskaja jekonomija. — M: Progress-Tradicija, 2007.
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Ekaterina SHAPINSKAYA

Russia, Moscow.
Russian Institute for Cultural Research.
Chief researcher. PhD in Philosophy, professor.

The Oriental Journey as an Escape from Everyday Life: the Phenomenon of Tourist Escapism

In the article, travel is regarded as one of the ways to escape from everyday life, and which plays an ever-growing role in human existence. The dynamics of daily life leads to the quest for new forms of escapism, in which travel has an important function. The article analyzes the role of travel in different historical eras and the changes in the semantics of travel, which is becoming more and more of an integral part of recreation and leisure time: tourism is now a legitate means by which to escape from everyday routine.The objective of this type of travel is often focuses not attaining knowledge of different cultures and peoples, but rather on the confirmation of stereotypes formed in popular culture, mostly under the influence of cultural industry, with the purpose of achievingfinancial profit. One of the most popular directions of today's tourist is the "Orient" or the "Far East", a construction based on mythical, often fantastic ideas, often unrelated to the true realities of the countries included in this region / concept. The article poses a number of questions connected with the changing cultural situation of the 21st century, clearly reflected in the phenomenon of travel. To be more specific, the desacralization of culture and the change in the meaning of pilgrimage, decentration and deconstruction of basic binary oppositions, "East/West" in particular, and their influence on the direction of tourist flows, the increasing role of virtual travel within an information society culture, which has been saturated with media images.

Key words: escapism, everyday life, routine, travel, tourism, orientalism, romanticism, culture industry, myth, demythologization, decentration

References

  1. The Sacred Journey//Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism. Philadelphia, 1989. Cit. po: Solov'eva A. N. Jetnichnost' i kul'tura. Arhangel'sk, 2009. S. 150.
  2. Le Goff Zh. Civilizacija srednevekovogo Zapada. M. 1992. S. 126.
  3. Volshebnye strany, inye miry i ih obitateli. Jenciklopedija. SPb., 2009. S. 399.
  4. Hozhenie za tri morja Afanasija Nikitina. L. 1986. S. 47.
  5. Gerder I. G. Idei k filosofii istorii chelovechestva. M., 1977.
  6. I. V. Gete. Zapadno-Vostochnyj divan. M. 1988. S. 311.
  7. Hrenov N. A. Ot jepohi bessoznatel'nogo mifotvorchestva k jepohe refleksii o mife//Mif i hudozhestvennoe soznanie HH veka. M., 2011. S. 59.
  8. Voloshin M. Liki tvorchestva. M., 1988. S. 78.
  9. Kochik O. Ja. Mir Gogena. M., 1991. S. 74.
  10. Voloshin M. Liki tvorchestva. M., 1988. S. 81.
  11. Bart R. Mifologii. M., 1996. S. 205.
  12. Bodrijjar Zh. Prozrachnost' zla. M. 2009. S. 220.
  13. Mudrye svoety svjatitelja Feofana iz Vyshenskogo zatvora. M., 1998. S. 96.
  14. O'Connor S. Postmodernist Culture. Oxford, 1997. P. 266.
  15. Solov'eva A.N. Jetnichnost' i kul'tura. Arhangel'sk, 2009. S. 153.
  16. Harvey D. The Condition of Postmodernity. Cambridge, USA, 1992. P. 301.
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Theory of Culture

Kevin HART

USA, Virginia.
University of Virginia, professor.

The Counter-Spiritual Life

Kevin Hart is a famous theologian, philosopher and poet. Currently, he is a Professor at the University of Virginia and amember of the "Association des Amis de Maurice Blanchot". In this study, he investigates how Blanchot's idea is modified over time and with relation to the corresponding ideas of Bataille, Eckhart and Judaic theology. Hart presumes that the fundamental sense of "contestation," as used by Blanchot, is something akin to"endless questioning" or "questioning without end."

Key words: French philosophy of the 20th century, literary criticism, contestation, fragmental writing, relation without relation, neutrality

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Konstantin OCHERETYANY

Russia, St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg State University, Faculty of Philosophy.
Department of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge. Post-graduate student.

Chaophony: Towards Ontology of the Image

This article examines a theme central to Western philosophy; namely, the interrelationship of voice, numbers, and image. Since the time of St. Augustine, voice theories have followed the logic of identity and differentiation, which has, as its basis, the concept of numbers. Numbers, in turn, have — from the Pythagorean views on harmony to later theories of a universe understood mathematically — come to serve as the regulating principle of being in many modern philosophical systems. The image, however, in its interstitial existence between the discourses of voice and numbers, has been relegated to a subordinate role. Taking this perceived lack of autonomy as his starting point, the author attempts to emancipate the image from the voco–numeric discourse, which had previously prevented its closer examination. He suggests that the image be constructed neither in terms of its opposite (voice), nor in terms of identity and differentiation (which Western metaphysics has traditionally taken to be the problem of numbers), but rather in terms of marginal phenomena, in discrete elements of the image such as gaps, gestures, and noise (vocal/visual). He refers to the conceptual intersection of these phenomena as chaophony. Analyzing this concept, both hermeneutically and historically, the author articulates the vital connection between body and image. Image, he concludes, produces itself at various breaking points in the same way as does a human body, while screaming: in screaming, the body reveals its numerical nature (the voice it produces breaks whilst remaining the same voice). Analogously, the image reveals its numeric nature in often-ignored artifacts, such as visual static, while still being recognized by the viewer as being the same image.

Key words: chaophony, logonecrosis, vocalization of somatic material, locus vocus, vocography, voice as decree, echo as presence, vocal construction of the image, chthonic call, chaophonic trace, cosmology of the body

References

  1. Bonaventura. Putevoditel' dushi k Bogu. M.: Greko-latinskij kabinet Ju.A. Shichalina, 1993. S. 83-85.
  2. Diogen Lajertskij. O zhizni, uchenijah i izrechenijah znamenityh filosofov. M.: Mysl', 1986. S. 165.
  3. Prust M. V storonu Svana. Leningrad. 1992. S. 4.
  4. Bahtin M.M. Avtor i geroj v jesteticheskoj dejatel'nosti//Sobranie sochinenij v 7 t. T. 1. M., 2003. S. 128.
  5. Petrarca F. Against a physician//Petrarca F. Invectives — London 2003. P. 35.
  6. Klossovski P. Bafomet. SPb.: Akademicheskij proekt, 2002. S. 178.
  7. Ger'e V. Lejbnic i ego vek. SPb.: Nauka, 2008. S. 28-32.
  8. Platon. Fedr//Platon Sobranie sochinenij v 4-h t. — T. 2. M.: Mysl', 1993. S. 174.
  9. Lejbnic. Monadologija//Lejbnic. Sobranie sochinenij v 4-h t. — T. 1. M.: Mysl', 1982. S. 416.
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Concepts of Culture

Vadim RABINOVICH

Russia, Moskow.
Russian Institute for Cultural Research.
Head of Department, PhD, professor.

On Non-Identity of Identity in Culture

Logic is the realm of the accidental. To think logically means to continue being surprised. The author of this article discusses ways in which to protect one's identity from splitting, cracking and doubling.

Key words: identity, logic, culture

References

  1. Mann T. Iosif i ego brat'ja. M., 1968.
  2. Hlebnikov V. Tvorenija… M., 1987. S. 689.
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Alexander LYUSY

Russia, Moscow.
Russian Institute for Cultural Research, Seniour Rearcher.
PhD in Cultural Science

ALL — MARBLE COMPASSES AND LYRES
Utopian Geography Within the Space of the Global World

Tsarskoje Selo is considered not as the subtext of the Petersburg text, and as a utopia of the City, rationally mastered space, and the Garden utopia, but rather as total harmony between the individual and his environment. The educational Tsarskoje Selo utopia corresponds with the "liberal utopia" of American philosopher, Richard Rorty. Later, the creative "return" of Ahmatova to Tsarskoje Selo is treated as a return to the Fatherland of heroic personal identity, exemplary both for the military man, and for the "peacetime" of chaotic postmodernist entropy.

Key words: anacreontic, utopia, imperial modernization, deconstruction of the horseman, a considerably-democratic society

References

  1. Streleckij V. N. Paradigmy geoprostranstva i metodologija gumanitarnoj geografii//Gumanitarnaja geografija. Nauchnyj i kul't urno-prosvetitel'skij al'manah. Vyp. 1. M., 2004. S. 100.
  2. Gjunter G. Zhanrovye problemy utopii i «Chevengur» A. Platonova//Utopija i utopicheskoe myshlenie: Antol. zarubezh. lit.-ry. M., 1991. S. 252.
  3. Prikazchikova E. E. Kul'turnye mify i utopii v memuarno-jepistoljarnoj literature russkogo Prosvewenija. Avtoref. dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni doktora filologicheskih nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2010.
  4. Ivanickij A. I. Chudo v ob#jatijah istorii (Pushkinskie sjuzhety 1830-h godov). M., 2008. S. 144.
  5. Smirnov I. P. Peterburgskaja utopija//Anciferovskie chtenija. L., 1989. S. 94, 95.
  6. Ljusyj A. P. Nashestvie kachestv: Rossija kak avtoperevod. M., 2008. S. 365.
  7. Ovchinnikova E. A. Jepoha russkogo Prosvewenija: Carskosel'skij Licej kak utopicheskij proekt vospitanija//Filosofskij vek. Al'manah. Vyp. 13. Rossijskaja utopija jepohi Prosvewenija i tradicii mirovogo utopizma/otv. red. T. V. Artem'eva, M. I. Mikeshin. SPb., 2000. S. 248, 249.
  8. Karamzin N. M. Polnoe sobranie stihotvorenij/Vstup. st., podgot. teksta i prim. Ju. M. Lotmana. — L.: Sovetskij pisatel', 1966.
  9. Popovich A. V. Mifologicheskie motivy i obrazy v pojezii russkogo preromantizma: Monografija. — Herson: «Ajlant», 2011. S. 93-94.
  10. Pushkin A. S. Poln. sobr.soch.: V 16 t. M.; L., 1994-1997 (v tekste v skobkah tom i stranica).
  11. Petrov V. P. Soch.: V 3 t. SPb., 1811. T. 1. S. 26.
  12. Davydov D. Gusarskaja ispoved'. Stihotvorenija. M., 1997. S. 32, 33.
  13. Batjushkov K. N. Sochinenija. M., 1955. S. 256.
  14. Nabokov V. Lecture of literature. New York, 1980. S. 373.
  15. Rorti R. Sluchajnost', ironija i solidarnost'. M., 1996.
  16. Laklau Je. Soobwestvo i ego paradoksy: «liberal'naja utopija» Richarda Rorti//Logos. 2004. № 6. S. 100-115.
  17. Vigerina L. I. Tema Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny v «Carskosel'skom tekste» russkoj pojezii (A. Ahmatova, O. Berggol'c, V. Vasil'ev, E. Ryvina, N. Tihonov)//Pushkinskie chtenija '2005. Materialy Ch mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii «Pushkinskie chtenija» (6.06.2005). SPb.: SAGA, 2005. S. 124.
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Art Theory

Sergey KROPOTOV

Russia, Ekaterinburg.
Ekaterinburg Academy of Contemporary Art.
Rector, PhD.

Allegories in the Era of Economimesis: On the Origins of the Non-panoptical Iconography of Street Art

Drawing on the example of local street-art practices, the article examines the link between modern street art and environmental art, especially in regards to the multi-layered character of their texts. Modern street-art practices turn urban spaces into palimpsests and allegories of a sort, as artists adopt and revamp formerly idle and symbolically empty sites. The article examines the ability of street-art practices to turn solid and stable urban landscapes into fluid and flexible spaces — the common trait also linking street art and environmental art. Finally, the ability of street artists to transform the rigid urban terrain is perceived as an indication of major socioeconomic transformation — from the industrial model of the Soviet type to the flexible post-industrial model of new Russian capitalism.

Key words: street art, land art, urban studies, allegory, palimpsest, hybridization of the textual and the visual

References

  1. Derrida J. Economimesis//Diacritics, Vol. 11. pp. 3-25. Ed. by The Johns Hopkins University Press. 1981. http://www.jstor.org/pss/464726; http://www.colorado.edu/envd/courses/envd4114-001/Fall09/Theory/Economimesis.pdf.
  2. Dolgin A. Jekonomika simvolicheskogo obmena, M.2006., On zhe. Manifest novoj jekonomiki: vtoraja nevidimaja ruka rynka, M. 2010; Kropotov S. L. Problema «jekonomicheskogo izmerenija» sub#ektivnosti v neklassicheskoj filosofii iskusstva. Avtoref. diss. na soiskanie stepeni d-ra fs. n., Ekaterinburg: UrGU, 2000. http://dissertation1.narod.ru/avtoreferats3/b59.htm
  3. Slark T. J. Farewell to an Idea. 1999; Harris J. The New Art History: A critical introduction. 2001, etc.
  4. Grojs B. Marks posle Djushana ili Dva tela hudozhnika//Pervaja Ural'skaja industrial'naja biennale sovremennogo iskusstva: Udarniki mobil'nyh obrazov (osnovnoj proekt, T.1). Ekaterinburg, 2010, S.44, 52.
  5. Grojs B. Iskusstvo kak avangard jekonomiki//Maksimka, 1999, №4. S.1-4 http://www.guelman.ru/maksimka/n4/kunst.htm
  6. Tupicyn V. Drugoe iskusstva. M., 1997. S. 12.
  7. The Writings of Robert Smithson: Essays with Illustrations. N. Y.: N. Y. University Press, 1979. P. 67.
  8. Derrida Zh. Struktura, znak i igra v diskurse gumanitarnyh nauk//«Pis'mo i razlichie». M., «Akademicheskij proekt», 2000. S. 448.
  9. Owens C. Beyond recognition: representation, power and culture. Berkley: University of California Press, 1993. P. 41 — 42; Krauss R. The Originality of the Avant-Garde and other Modernist Myths. Cambridge, Mass., The M.I.T. Press, 1985. P. 277 — 290.
  10. The Writtings of R.Smithson. P. 67.
  11. Fuko M. Slova i vewi. S. 321-324, 326 i dr.
  12. Ben'jamin V. Central'nyj park//Inostrannaja literatura. 1997..№ 12. S. 171-172.
  13. Benjamin W. The Origin of German Tragic Drama. L.: NLB, 1977. P. 208, 201.
  14. Bart R. Izbrannye raboty. Pojetika, semiotika. M., 1989. S. 384 — 386.
  15. Bryson N. Vision and Painting: The Logic of the Gaze. L.: Mac Millan Press, 1983. P. 150.
  16. Goodman N., Elgin C. Reconception in Philosophy and Other Arts and Sciences. Hackett Pubising Company, Indianapolis/Cambridge, 1988.
  17. Krauss R. The Optical Unconscious. MIT Press, Cambridge, 1994.
  18. Bart R. Izbrannye raboty. S. 388-389.
  19. Benjamin W. Origin of German Tragic Drama. R. 177-178.
  20. Krauss R. The Originality of the Avant-Garde. P. 277-290.
  21. Blum H. Strah vlijanija. Karta perechityvanija. Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo Ural. gos. un-ta, 1998.
  22. Krauss R. Notes on Index: Seventies Art in America//The Originality of Avant-Garde. P. 202 — 205; Krauss R. The Optical Unconscious. R. 107-125.
  23. Frye N. Anatomy of Criticism. N.Y.: Atheneum, 1969. P. 54; sm. takzhe: Fraj N. Fabuly tozhdestva: issledovanija pojeticheskoj mifologii//Russkaja lit-ra HH veka/Ural. gos. ped. un-t. Ekaterinburg, 1996. Vyp. 3. S. 218.
  24. Mitin I. Metodika polevyh gumanitarno-geograficheskih issledovanij v kontekste mifogeografii//Gumanitarnaja geografija. vyp. 2. M. 2005. S.237-238.
  25. Owens C. Beyond recognition... P. 54.
  26. Hajdegger M. Istok hudozhestvennogo tvorenija.//Zarubezhnaja jestetika i teorija literatury HIH-HH vv. Traktaty, stat'i, jesse. M.: MGU, 1987. S. 266.
  27. Ben'jamin V. Central'nyj park. S. 170-172.
  28. Krauss R. Poststructuralism and the «Paraliterary» // The Originality of Avant-Garde. P. 291-294; Ulmer G. The Object of Post-Criticism // The Anti-Aesthetic. P. 85-87, 90-91, 108; Fletcher A. Allegory: The Theory of a Symbolic Mode. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1964. P. 174, 279-303.
  29. Owens C. Beyond recognition... P. 57.
  30. Amin Je., Trift N. Vnjatnost' povsednevnogo goroda//Logos, 2003, № 3-4. http://magazines.russ.ru/logos/2002/3; Ben'jamin V. Maski vremeni. SPb., 2004. S. 74-253; Valdenfel's B. Povsednevnost' kak plavil'nyj tigl' racional'nosti // Sociologos, vyp. 1. M., 1991. S. 48-49; Trubina E. G. Urbanisticheskaja teorija. Ekaterinburg, 2009. S. 277-278.
  31. Informacionnyj portal «justmedia.ru»//[Jelektron. resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.justmedia.ru/analitika/culture/27430
  32. Linch K. Obraz okruzhenija//Obraz goroda. M., 1982. S.15 [Jelektron. resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://glazychev.ru/books/translations/Linch/Linch_1.htm
  33. Akrojd P. Temza: svjawennaja reka. M., 2009. S. 171-172, 177.
  34. Sokolova A. Dvinskij Sever kak ob#ekt lingvogeoikoniki (organizacija prostarnstva po vertikali «voda-zemlja-nebo»)//Gumanitarnaja geografija, vyp. 2. M. 2005. S. 107.
  35. Ryzhkov A. M. Narisovannyj gorod. Ekaterinburg, 2011. S.74.
  36. De Serto M. The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkley and L.A., 1984. P. X1X-XX (kursiv nash, S.K.).
  37. Lipoveckij M., Jetkind A. Vozvrawenie Tritona: sovetskaja katastrofa i postsovetskij roman. NLO, 2008, № 94 [jelektr. resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.nlobooks.ru/rus/magazines/nlo/196/1208/1227/. Podrobnee sm.: Frejd Z. Pechal' i melanholija / Psihologija jemocij. Teksty /Pod red. V.K. Viljunasa, Ju.B. Gippenrejter. — M.: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1984.
  38. Dubin B. Ot tradicii k igre. Kul'tura v sociologicheskom proekte Ju. Levady//[jelektr. resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://magazines.russ.ru/nlo/2007/87/du14.html S.8
  39. Brodskij I. P'jacca Matei, strofa XVIII//Sochinenija Iosifa Brodskogo v 3-h tomah, SPb, T. 3. S. 28; sm. takzhe: Mandel'shtam O.: «Poju, kogda gortan' syra, dusha suha»//Sobranie sochinenij v 3-h tomah. Pod red. Struve G. P. i Filippova B. A., 1967, T. 1. S. 250.
  40. Grojs B. Politika installjacii//Logos, 2010, № 4.. S. 112.
  41. Akrojd P. Temza: svjawennaja reka. M., 2009. S. 379, 381.
  42. Bauman Z. Tekuchaja sovremennost'. SPb., 2008.
  43. Miziano V., Chuhrov K. Ot formy proizvedenija k formam zhizni//Logos, 2010, № 4.. S. 15.
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Dennis SOBOLEV

Israel, Haifa.
Haifa Department of Hebrew and Comparative Literature,
University of Haifa. Professor.

"Topophilia": Cultural Geography as a Genre of Contemporary Fiction

The paper aims to analyze the representation of space in a considerable part of modern fiction. It demonstrates the gradual emergence of a new mode of fiction, which focuses upon the existential space in its geographical and historical concreteness, and assumes the representation of space to be one of the most significant literary goals. This mode of fiction, especially palpable in contemporary literature, is labeled "the novel of place" — or, in broader terms, "topophilic" prose. As a starting point, the paper analyzes several contemporary Hebrew novels, which are characterized by this type of representation, and in which the role of the plot becomes rather subsidiary. The second section addresses the theoretical significance of this problem, as well as the problem of genres in general, for contemporary research in comparative literature. The third and the fourth sections turn to the genealogy of "topophilic fiction" as a genre and compare it to the so-called "travel literature." The history of these genres, however, turns out to be entirely different. Whereas travel literature is one of the oldest literary modes, "topophilic fiction" emerges only in the mid-nineteenth century. Although the paper traces its earlier roots, it also shows that a very significant change in the very "episteme" of the literary perception and representation of space was necessary, in order to allow for the emergence of this new genre. In the fifth section, this analysis is followed by a comparison between the abstract "post-modern" fiction of the 1960s and 1970s, and the hyper-concrete "novel of place," which emerges in the wake of post-modernism. Drawing upon the examples discussed in the previous sections, the sixth section summarizes several major characteristics of "the novel of place" and addresses a few central problems associated with its study. Finally, the seventh section turns to concordant developments in literary theory, the philosophy of space and contemporary "new" cultural geography, and contrasts the essentialist approach to space, characteristic of existentialism, to the non-essentialist theories of space as a cultural construction. It concludes that these assumed "philosophies of space" is another theme that must be addressed by an in-depth analysis of "topophilic fiction."

Key words: literature, cultural geography, representation of space, "the novel of place," "topophilic fiction," problem of genres, crisis of comparative literature, genealogy of genre, travel literature, change of episteme, particularity, urban landscapes, existential environment, production of space

References

  1. Bashljar Gaston. Pojetika prostranstva//Izbrannoe: Pojetika prostranstva. Moskva: Rosspjen, 2004. S. 22. Ewe do jetogo termin «topofilija» byl ispol'zovan U. H. Odenom v predislovii k knige Dzhona Betzhemana (Betjeman, John. Slick but not Streamlined. Garden City N.Y.: Doubleday, 1947).
  2. Oz Amos. Povest' o ljubvi i t'me. Tel'-Aviv: Ediot Ahronot, 2005.
  3. Grossman David. S kem by pobegat'. Moskva: Fantom Press, 2004.
  4. Shalev Meir. Russkij roman. Moskva: Tekst, 2006. 6 Shalev M. Neskol'ko dnej. Tel'-Aviv: Am Oved, 2004.
  5. Shalev M. Neskol'ko dnej. Tel'-Aviv: Am Oved, 2004. Shalev Meir. Kak neskol'ko dnej. Moskva: Inostranka, 2007.
  6. Waugh, Patricia. Metafiction: The Theory and Practice of Self-Conscious Fiction. London and New York, 1984.
  7. Shajtanov Igor'. Komparativistika i/ili pojetika. Moskva: RGGU, 2010. S. 71.
  8. Veselovskij Aleksandr. Izbrannoe: Istoricheskaja pojetika. Moskva: ROSPJeN, 2006.
  9. Frejdenberg Ol'ga. Pojetika sjuzheta i zhanra. Moskva: Labirint, 1997.
  10. Propp Vladimir. Morfologija skazki//Sobranie trudov: Morfologija \ Istoricheskie korni volshebnoj skazki. Moskva: Labirint, 1998. S. 5-111.
  11. Bahtin Mihail. Slovo v romane//Voprosy literatury i jestetiki. M.: Hudozhestvennaja literatura, 1975. S. 72-233.
  12. Bahtin Mihail. Problema rechevyh zhanrov//Avtor i geroj: K filosofskim osnovam gumanitarnyh nauk. SPb: Azbuka, 2000. S. 249-298.
  13. Jameson, Fredric. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham: Duke UP, 1991.
  14. Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism. New York: Atheneum, 1968.
  15. Etiemble, René. The Crisis in Comparative Literature. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1966.
  16. Guyard, N.F. La Littérature comparée. Paris, 1951. Sm. takzhe Carré, Jean-Marie. «La Littérature comparée depuis un demi-siècle» Annales du Centre Universitaire Méditerranéen, III (1951), 69-77.
  17. Wellek, Rene. «The Concept of Comparative Literature» Yearbook of Comparative and General Literature, II (1953), 4.
  18. Levin, Harry. Grounds For Comparison. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard UP, 1972, 84.
  19. Auerbach, Erich. «Philologie der Weltliteratur» Weltliteratur. Festgabe für Fritz Strich. Bern, 1952, 39-50. Damrousch, David. What Is World Literature. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton UP, 2003, 1-36.
  20. Van Paul, Tieghem. La Littérature comparée. Paris, 1951. Bolee konspektivnoe izlozhenie mozhno najti takzhe v Remak Henry H. H. «Comparative Literature, Its Definition and Function» Comparative Literature: Method and Perspective. Ed. Newton P. Stallknecht and Horst Frenz. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 1961, 11-17.
  21. Shajtanov Igor'. Komparativistika i/ili pojetika. Moskva: RGGU, 2010. S. 23.
  22. Brown, Calvin S. «Comparative Literature» The Georgia Review XIII (Summer 1959), 167-89. Levin Harry. «La littérature comparée: point de vue d»outre-Atlantique» Revue de littérature comparée XXVII (1953), 17-26.
  23. Etiemble, René. «Littérature comparée ou comparaison n»est par raison» Hygiène des lettres, V. III. Paris: Gallimard, 1958, 154-173.
  24. Zhenett Zherar. Figury. Moskva: Izdatel'stvo imeni Sabashnikovyh, 1998. T.1. S. 7.
  25. Culler, Jonathan D. Structuralist Poetics: Structuralism, Linguistics and the Study of Literature. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1975.
  26. Shajtanov Igor'. Komparativistika i/ili pojetika. Moskva: RGGU, 2010. C. 9-216.
  27. Hernadi, Paul. Beyond Genre: New Directions in Literary Classification. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1972.
  28. Miner, Earl. Comparative Poetics: An Intercultural Essay on Theories of Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 1990.
  29. Etiemble, René. The Crisis in Comparative Literature. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1966, 3-10; de Deudg, Cornelis. De Eenheid van het Comparatisme. Utrecht, 1962
  30. Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. «Rethinking Somparativism» New Literary History 40 (2009: 3): 609-626.
  31. Levin, Harry. Grounds For Comparison. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard UP, 1972, 82-90.
  32. Remak Henry H. H. «Comparative Literature, Its Definition and Function» Comparative Literature: Method and Perspective. Ed. Newton P. Stallknecht and Horst Frenz. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 1961, 3-20.
  33. Frank, Joseph. «Spatial Form in Modern Literature» The Sewanee Review 53 (Spring, Summer, Autumn 1945): 221-240, 433-456; Kermode, Frank. The Sense of Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967.
  34. Agnon Shmujel'-Josef. Vchera-pozavchera. Moskva: Tekst, 2010.
  35. Oz Amos. Moj Mihajel'. Moskva: NIP «2R», 1994.
  36. Oz Amos. Makom aher. Merhavija: Sifrijat poalim, 1966. (doslovno: «drugoe mesto». po-anglijski: Oz, Amos. Elsewhere, Perhaps. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973).
  37. Iegoshua Avraam B. Ljubovnik. Moskva: Raduga, 1996.
  38. Amusin Mark. Gorod obramlennyj slovom. Pisa: Universita» degli studi di Pisa, 2003.
  39. Sobolev Denis. Ierusalim. Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks, 2005.
  40. Zhenett Zherar. Literatura i prostranstvo//Figury. Moskva: Izdatel'stvo imeni Sabashnikovyh, 1998. T. 1. S. 278.
  41. Tomashevskij Boris. Tematika//Teorija literatury. Pojetika. M.: Aspekt press, 2001. S. 176-259.
  42. Bart Rolan. Vvedenie v strukturnyj analiz povestvovatel'nyh tekstov//Zarubezhnaja jestetika i teorija literatury HIH-HH vv. Moskva, 1987. S. 349-422.
  43. Levi-Stross Klod. Struktura mifov//Strukturnaja antropologija. Moskva: Jeksmo-press, 2001. S. 215-242.
  44. Frank, Joseph. «Spatial Form in Modern Literature» The Sewanee Review 53 (Spring, Summer, Autumn 1945): 221-240, 433-456; Frank, Joseph. «Spatial Form: An Answer to Critics» Critical Inquiry 4 (1977-78): 231-252; Frank, Joseph. «Spatial Form: Some Further Reflections» Critical Inquiry 5 (1978): 275-290.
  45. Zoran, Gabriel. «Towards a Theory of Space in Narrative» Poetics Today 5.2 (1984): 5:311-312.
  46. Zhenett Zherar. Literatura i prostranstvo//Figury. Moskva: Izdatel'stvo imeni Sabashnikovyh, 1998. T. 1. S. 278-293.
  47. Bashljar Gaston. Pojetika prostranstva//Izbrannoe: Pojetika prostranstva. Moskva: Rosspjen, 2004. S. 5-210.
  48. Segre, Cesare. «Space and Time of the Text» Twentieth Century Studies 12 (December 1974): 37-41.
  49. Zoran, Gabriel. «Towards a Theory of Space in Narrative» Poetics Today 5.2 (1984): 309-335.
  50. Bridgeman Teresa. «Time and Space» The Cambridge Companion To Narrative. Ed. David Herman. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge UP, 2007, 52-64.
  51. Jeliade Mircha. Mif o vechnom vozvrawenii. SPb.: Aletejja, 1998.
  52. Hajdegger Martin. Povorot // Vremja i bytie. Moskva: respublika, 1993. S. 253-258; Hajdegger Martin. Vew' // Vremja i bytie. S. 316-326; Hajdegger Martin. Iskusstvo i prostranstvo // Vremja i bytie. S. 312-316; Heidegger, Martin. «Bauen Wohnen Denken» Vorträge und Aufsätze. Bd.7. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann Verlag, 2000, 145-164.
  53. Lefebvre, Henri. The Production of Space. Oxford (UK), Cabridge (USA): Blackwell, 1999.
  54. Bart Rolan. Mifologii. Moskva: Izdatel'stvo imeni Sabashnikovyh, 2000. S. 54-56.
  55. Harvey, David. Justice, Nature & the Geography of Difference. Oxford (UK), Cabridge (USA): Blackwell, 1996.
  56. Harvey, David. «The Social Construction of Space and Time» Ibid. S. 210-248.
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Film Studies

Dmitry ZAMYATIN

Russia, Moskow.
Russian Institute for cultural and natural heritage (Moscow).
Leader of Center of human space researches, PhD.

Space and Genius

This article examines the peculiarities and conformity of the natural laws of the geographic imagination as it relates to empirical space. In the meta-geographical context, the mental interaction of the place and genius, for example in Alexander Sokurov's film "The Eclipse Days", are studied. The influence of the empirical landscape on the shaping of individual geographical images, are discussed. The main space representations are interpreted through post-colonial and exotism theories.

Key words: meta-geography, empire, place, landscape, phenomena, identity, local myth, space representations, geographical image, genius

References

  1. Zamjatin D. Genij mesta. Materialy k slovarju gumanitarnoj geografii // Gumanitarnaja geografija. Nauchnyj i kul'turno-prosvetitel'skij al'manah / Otv. red. I. I. Mitin; sost. D. N. Zamjatin. Vyp. 5. M.: Institut nasledija, 2008; On zhe. Genij i mesto: V poiskah sokrovennyh prostranstv // Literatura Urala: istorija i sovremennost': sb. st. Vyp. 6: Istoriko-kul'turnyj landshaft Urala: literatura, jetnos, vlast' / In-t istorii i arheologii UrO RAN. Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo Ural'skogo un-ta, 2011. S. 37-52.
  2. Sm.: Zamjatin D. N. Metageograficheskie osi Evrazii // Politicheskie issledovanija. 2010. № 4. S. 22-48; On zhe. Strela i shar: vvedenie v metageografiju Zaural'ja // Sibirskij tekst v nacional'nom sjuzhetnom prostranstve. Krasnojarsk: Sibirskij federal'nyj universitet, 2010. S. 7-27.
  3. Hrenov N. A. Obrazy velikogo razryva. Kino v kontekste smeny kul'turnyh ciklov. M.: Progress — Tradicija, 2008. S. 385-390.
  4. Kaganskij V. L. Sovetskoe prostranstvo//Inoe. T. I. M., 1995. S. 99-130; On zhe. Kul'turnyj landshaft i sovetskoe obitaemoe prostranstvo. M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2001.
  5. Zamjatin D. N. Gumanitarnaja geografija: prostranstvo, voobrazhenie i vzaimodejstvie gumanitarnyh nauk // Sociologicheskoe obozrenie. T. 9. № 3. 2010. S. 26-51; On zhe. Lokal'nye mify: modern i geograficheskoe voobrazhenie // Mif i hudozhestvennoe soznanie XX veka / Otv. Red. N. A. Hrenov; Gos. In-t iskusstvoznanija. M.: Kanon +; ROOI «Reabilitacija», 2011. S. 268-308.
  6. Edith W. Clowes. Russia on the Edge: Imagined Geographies and Post-Soviet Identity. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2011. P. 23-24, 42.
  7. Shpengler O. Zakat Evropy. Ocherki morfologii mirovoj istorii. T. 1. Geshtal't i dejstvitel'nost'. M.: Mysl', 1993. S. 578-579, 582, 598-600, 611-615;
  8. Said Je. Orientalizm. Zapadnye koncepcii Vostoka. M.: Russkij mir#, 2006; Ashcroft B., Griffths G., Tiffin H. Key Concepts in Post-Colonial Studies, L.: Routledge, 1998.
  9. Segalen V. Essai sur l'exotisme: Une esthétique du Divers//Œuvres complètes. Vol. 1. P.: Robert Laffont, 1995; Volodin A. Malen'kie angely: Narracy. M.: OGI, 2008.
  10. Zamjatin D. N. Geokratija. Evrazija kak obraz, simvol i proekt rossijskoj civilizacii//Politicheskie issledovanija. 2009. № 1. S. 71-90.
  11. Jampol'skij M. O blizkom (Ocherki nemimeticheskogo zrenija). M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2001. S. 124-147.
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Andrey MAKARYCHEV

Germany, Berlin.
OstEuropa Institut, Frei Universitat Berlin.
PhD, professor.

Identity Esthetics: Geographical Images in Cinema Narratives

In this paper, the author argues that different cinematographic discourses can be instrumental in the cultural process of identity-making in many former USSR countriesand ex-socialist regions of Eastern Europe. The author demonstrates the influence of cinematic images and storylines on shaping local and regional identities. He argues that, despite its seeming non-political form, the language of cinema is, in fact, deeply political, since it raises and debates issues such as power and resistance, the mainstreamand the periphery, threats and security, etc.

Key words: regional identity, cultural narratives, popular geopolitics

References

  1. A Aradau Claudia, Lobo-Guerrero Luis, van Munster Rens. Security, Technologies of Risk, and the Political Guest Editors' Introduction//Security Dialogue. 2008. Vol. 39. N 2-3, April-June. C. 152.
  2. Goede, Marieke. Beyond Risk: Premeditation and the Post-9/11 Security Imagination//Security Dialogue. 2008. Vol. 39. N 2-3, April-June. C. 171.
  3. Dittmer Jason, Dodds Klaus. Popular Geopolitics Past and Future: Fandom, Identities and Audiences//Geopolitics. 2008. N 13. Pp.437-457. C. 437-457.
  4. Shapiro Michael. Cinematic Geopolitics. London and New York: Routledge, 2009.
  5. Muller Benjamin. Securing the Political Imagination: Popular Culture, the Security Dispositif and the Biometric State//Security Dialogue. Vol. 39. N 2-3. April-June. C. 203.
  6. Ranciere Jacques. The Politics of Aesthetics. London — New York: Continuum, 2004. C. 39, 63.
  7. Edkins Jenny and Vaughan-Williams Nick (eds.). Critical Theories and International Relations. London and New York: Routledge, 2009.
  8. Timofeev M. Ju. Naciosfera. Opyt analiza semiosfery nacij. Ivanovo: Ivanovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2005. C. 55-56.
  9. Khalib Lina. Filming the Modern Middle East. Politics in the Cinemas of Hollywood and the Arab World. London — New York: I. B. Tauris, 2006.
  10. Goss Brian Michael. Global Auteurs. Politics in the Films of Almodovar, von Trier, and Winterbottom. New York: Peter Lang, 2009.
  11. Gertz Nuritz and Khleifi George. Palestinian Cinema: Landscape, Trauma and Memory. Edinburgh University Press, 2008. C. 86.
  12. Marks Laura. The Skin of the Film. Intercultural Cinema, Embodiment, and ehe Senses. Duke University Press, 2000.
  13. Neumann Iver. European Identity and Its Changing Others. NUPI Working Paper N 710. Oslo: 2006.
  14. Imre Aniko and Bardan Alice. Dracu-fictions and Brand Romania, http://flowtv.org/2010/02/dracu-fictions-and-brand-romaniaaniko-imre-and-alice-bardan-university-of-southern-california/
  15. Dzhordzhevich P. Kosovskij oduvanchik. S.-Peterburg-Moskva: Limbus Press, 2008.
  16. Bahtin M. M. Tvorchestvo Fransua Rable i narodnaja kul'tura srednevekov'ja i Renessansa. Moskva: Hudozhestvennaja literatura, 1990. C. 16.
  17. Majackij M. Vo-vtoryh. Ul'timatumy s ogovorkami konca proshlogo veka. Moskva: Pragmatika kul'tury, 2002. C. 30.
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History of Culture

Aminad MAGAMEDOVA

Russia, St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg Branch of the Russian Institute for Cultural Research.
Head of Department. PhD in philosophy.

Cultural History of Symbolic Forms: The Genesis of Daghestan Ornament

This article deals with the historical circumstances of the cultural genesis of Daghestan ornament. The text shows the transformation of meanings and symbols of the visual world, depending on the dominant point of view of the local ethnoses.

Key words: ornament, geometrical ornament, point of view, mentality, religion

References

  1. Radkevich V. A. Velikij shelkovyj put'. — M, 1990; Petrov A. M. Velikij shelkovyj put'. — M, 1995; Ahmedshin N. H. Tajny shelkovogo puti. — M., 2002.
  2. Hanbabaev K. M. Hristinstvo v Dagestane v IV — XVIII vv.//http://www.ippk.rsu.ru/csrip/elibrary/elibrary/uro/v20/a20_21.htm
  3. Mammaev M. M. Zoroastrizm v srednevekovom Dagestane//http://dhis.dgu.ru/relig11.htm
  4. Kurbanov G. Istoricheskie i sovremennye aspekty iudaizma v Dagestane//http://www.gorskie.ru/istoria/ist_aspekt.htm
  5. Shihsaidov A. R. Rasprostranenie islama v Dagestane//http://kalmykia.kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/50067
  6. Svas'jan K. A. Problema simvola v sovremennoj filosofii. — Erevan, 1980. S. 143.
  7. Golan A. Mif i simvol. — M.: Russlit, 1993. S. 7.
  8. Lotman Ju. M. Simvol v sisteme kul'tury//Simvol v sisteme kul'tury. Trudy po znakovym sistemam XXI. Tartu, 1987. S. 11.
  9. Rybakov B. A. Prikladnoe iskusstvo i skul'ptura//Istorija kul'tury Drevnej Rusi. T. 2. M.-L., 1951. S. 399.
  10. Golan A. Mif i simvol. — M.: Russlit, 1993. S. 240.
  11. Astvacaturjan Je. Oruzhie narodov Kavkaza. Istorija oruzhija. — M., 1995. S. 72.
  12. Debirov P. M. Istoki ornamenta rastitel'nogo stilja//Narodnoe dekorativno-prikladnoe iskusstvo Dagestana i sovremennost'. — Mahachkala, 1979. S. 40.
  13. Shilling E. M. Kubachincy i ih kul'tura. M.-L., 1949. S. 107.
  14. Mammaev M. M. Islamskoe iskusstvo Dagestana: formirovanie i harakternye cherty//Islam i islamskaja kul'tura v Dagestane. — M.: Izd-vo «Vostochnaja literatura» RAN, 2001. S. 91.
  15. Gabiev D.-M. S. Metalloobrabotka u lakov. — Uchenie zapiski Dagestanskogo filiala AN SSSR. NIJaL im. Cadasy. T. IV. — Mahachkala, 1958.
  16. Kil'cheskaja Je. V. Avarskoe juvelirnoe iskusstvo. Iskusstvo Dagestana.-Mahachkala, 1965.
  17. Voronchihin N. S., Emshanova N. A. Ornamenty, stili, motivy.-Izhevsk: Izdatel'stvo Udmurtskogo universiteta, 2004. S. 17.
  18. Kaptereva T. P., Vinogradova N. L. Iskusstvo srednevekovogo Vostoka. M., 1989. S. 14.
  19. Golan A. Mif i simvol.-M.: Russlit, 1993. S. 16.
  20. Lotman Ju. M. Simvol v sisteme kul'tury//Simvol v sisteme kul'tury. Trudy po znakovym sistemam XXI. Tartu, 1987. S. 12.
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Book Reviews

Irina SOKOLOVA

Russia, St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg Branch of the Russian Institute for Cultural Research.
Seniour Rearcher. PhD.

Kōans of Contemporary Art
Some Thoughts on the Book by Marina Perchikhina, "Reading the White Wall"

This book, written by Marina Perchikhina, includes a number of related and separate stories and is a unique and valuable project in its own right. "Reading the White Wall" is a kind of philosophy of life, and a prism through which one can see new perspectives of contemporary Russian art in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.

Key words: Marina Perchikhina, Andrei Blagov, theater, performance, conceptual art, contemporary art, commentary, visuality, video-art, land-art

References

  1. Bystrov V. Ju. Zhil' Delez: chelovek s pjat'ju licami//Zh. Delez. Peregovory. — SPb: Nauka, 2004. S. 5
  2. Bruk P. Pustoe prostranstvo. Sekretov net. — M.: Artist. Rezhisser. Teatr, 2003. S. 203-209.
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Maria YAKOVLEVA

Russia, St. Petersburg.
Herzen State Pedagogical University. Department of theory and history of culture.
PhD in cultural research, senior lecturer.

Text as a Spase of Initiation
Review of the Book "Literature and Rite de Passage" by Lyubov Bugaeva

This book, written by Lyubov Bugaeva, is not simply dedicated to various rites of passage and their literary versions, but is itself a kind of labyrinth, urging the reader to pass from one hermeneutic strategy to another. As a result, it serves as an illustration of a conceptual metaphor, which is "a mapping of the source and the target domain". Subtlety and depth of some dimensions of the rite of passage allows us to perceive the book's text as a discrete structure, every part of which has its own value. The fragments, though separate, together with its complexly intertwined subject matter, create a single field of tension where the reader can follow the author only with difficulty, while both overcoming the gaps and emphasizing them.In my opinion, it is of great importance for a book to remain open and, in a sense, incomplete. This offers the possibility of discovering extra dimensions relating to rites of passage that lurk on the borders of various texts and their interpretations.

Key words: rite de passage, discourse, initiation, labyrinth, metaphor, transgression

References

  1. Podoroga V. A. Vyrazhenie i smysl. — M., 1995. S. 148.
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Mikhail STEPANOV

Russia, St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg Branch of the Russian Institute for Cultural Research.
St. Petersburg State University. Faculty of Philosophy. The center of mediaphilosophy. Scientist

10 ++/ 0 //"Taking Action//"
Review of the Book "10 ++ Program Texts for Possible Worlds" by Peter Weibel

Is art the practice of freedom? What is contemporary art in the media age? Is digital art a symptom of something? What is Beauty? Is there any chance of survival for the art of analog (classicism)? In this book review, curator, artist, researcher and art theorist, Peter Weibel, attempts to answer these and other questions.

Key words: contemporary art, media, media art, digital, nature, society, freedom

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LAST ARTICLES

К проблеме наездницы русского постмодернизма

Sunday, 22 September 2013 | Olga Kirillova
There are no translations available.Посвящается В. Л. Рабиновичу Насмерть загоню? Не бойся — ты же, брат, не Брут: Смерть мала...
Comment: 1

The Character of the Look — Saw!

Friday, 04 January 2013 | Alexander Lyusiy
The novel of the writer and artist Alexander Pavlov "Snow on a bog" is considered from the point of view of formation of "a Flemish view" of people around life and a life. The main character, having...
Comments: 0

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Tuesday, 26 June 2012 | Alexander Lyusiy
There are no translations available.В основе материала — выступление автора на Международном конгрессе «Россия и Польша:...
Comments: 0

Reminder about Humbert

Thursday, 05 April 2012 | Alexander Lyusiy
There are no translations available yet.
Comments: 0

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Friday, 01 July 2011 | Irina Sokolova
There are no translations available yet
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Oil — a metaphor for culture

Tuesday, 15 November 2011 | Anna Rileva
There are no translations available yet
Comments: 2

The Chronotope of Illustrated Magazine

Friday, 14 January 2011 | Margarita Gudova
The article deals with the industry glossy magazines as an agent of modernization of consciousness and the transition from the patriarchal and industrial models to the identification of...
Comments: 3

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Tuesday, 15 November 2011 | Alexey Krivolap
There are no translations available yet
Comment: 1